AMENDED AND RESTATED LOAN AND SECURITY AGREEMENT
THIS AMENDED AND RESTATED LOAN AND SECURITY AGREEMENT (this Agreement) dated as of September 27, 2010 between OXFORD FINANCE CORPORATION (Lender), and TITAN PHARMACEUTICALS, INC., a Delaware corporation (Borrower), amends and restates the terms of that certain Loan and Security Agreement by and among Lender and Borrower, dated as of December 18, 2009 (as amended from time to time, the Original Agreement), and provides the terms on which Lender shall lend to Borrower and Borrower shall repay Lender. The parties agree as follows:
|1||ACCOUNTING AND OTHER TERMS|
Accounting terms not defined in this Agreement shall be construed following GAAP. Calculations and determinations must be made following GAAP. Capitalized terms not otherwise defined in this Agreement shall have the meanings set forth in Section 13. All other terms contained in this Agreement, unless otherwise indicated, shall have the meaning provided by the Code to the extent such terms are defined therein.
|2||LOAN AND TERMS OF PAYMENT|
2.1 Promise to Pay. Borrower hereby unconditionally promises to pay Lender the outstanding principal amount of the Credit Extension and accrued and unpaid interest thereon and any other amounts due hereunder as and when due in accordance with this Agreement.
2.1.1 Growth Capital Loan Facility.
(a) Growth Capital Loan A.
(i) Availability. On or about the date of the Original Agreement, Lender made an advance to Borrower in the amount of Three Million Dollars ($3,000,000) (the Growth Capital Loan A).
(ii) Repayment. Subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement. Borrower shall continue to make monthly payments of principal and interest on the Growth Capital Loan A in accordance with the terms and conditions of the Promissory Note dated as of December 23, 2009, issued in connection with the Growth Capital Loan A, and the amortization schedule attached hereto as Annex A. Without limiting the foregoing, all unpaid principal and accrued and unpaid interest and all other amounts due on account of the Growth Capital Loan A are due and payable in full on the Growth Capital Loan A Maturity Date. The Growth Capital Loan A may only be prepaid in accordance with Sections 2.1.1(d) and/or 2.1.1(e).
(b) Growth Capital Loan B.
(i) Availability. Subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement, on the Closing Date Lender shall make one (1) advance to Borrower in the amount of Five Million Dollars ($5,000,000) (the Growth Capital Loan B).
(ii) Repayment. Borrower shall make monthly payments of interest only, in arrears, commencing on the first day of the month following the month in which the Funding Date occurs and continuing thereafter on the first day of each successive calendar month during the Interest Only Period. Commencing on the Growth Capital Loan B Amortization Date, Borrower shall make thirty (30) equal monthly payments of principal and interest, in arrears, which would fully amortize the outstanding amount of the Growth Capital Loan B, in accordance with the amortization schedule attached hereto as Annex B. All unpaid principal and accrued and unpaid interest and all other amounts due on account of the Growth Capital Loan B are due and payable in full on the Growth Capital Loan B Maturity Date. The Growth Capital Loan B may only be prepaid in accordance with Sections 2.1.l(d) and/or 2.1.l(e).
(c) Final Payments.
(i) On the Growth Capital Loan A Maturity Date, Borrower shall pay, in addition to the unpaid principal and accrued interest and all other amounts due on such date with respect to the Growth Capital Loan A, an amount equal to the Growth Capital Loan A Final Payment.
(ii) On the Growth Capital Loan B Maturity Date, Borrower shall pay, in addition to the unpaid principal and accrued interest and all other amounts due on such date with respect to the Growth Capital Loan B, an amount equal to the Growth Capital Loan B Final Payment.
(d) Permitted Prepayment. Borrower shall have the option to prepay all, but not less than all, of the Growth Capital Advances made by Lender under this Agreement, provided Borrower, (i) provides written notice to Lender of its election to prepay the Growth Capital Advances at least fifteen (15) days prior to such prepayment, and (ii) pays, on the date of such prepayment (A) all outstanding principal plus accrued interest on the Growth Capital Advances, (B) the Final Payments, plus (C) all other sums that have become due and payable, including Lender Expenses, if any, and interest at the Default Rate with respect to any past due amounts.
(e) Mandatory Prepayment Upon an Acceleration. If the Growth Capital Advances are accelerated following the occurrence of an Event of Default, Borrower shall immediately pay to Lender an amount equal to the sum of: (i) all outstanding principal plus accrued and unpaid interest on the Growth Capital Advances, (ii) the Final Payments, plus (iii) all other sums, if any, that shall have become due and payable, including interest at the Default Rate with respect to any past due amounts.
2.2 Payment of Interest on the Credit Extensions.
(a) Interest Rate. Subject to Section 2.2(b), the principal amount outstanding under the Growth Capital Advances shall accrue interest, which interest shall be payable in arrears, at a fixed per annum rate equal to the greater of (i) 13.00% or (ii) the LIBOR Rate, as of the Funding Date, plus the LIBOR Margin, which interest shall be payable monthly, in arrears, in accordance with Section 2.2(e) below.
(b) Default Rate. Immediately upon the occurrence and during the continuance of an Event of Default, Obligations shall bear interest at a rate per annum which is five percentage points above the rate that is otherwise applicable thereto (the Default Rate). Payment or acceptance of the increased interest rate provided in this Section 2.2(b) is not a permitted alternative to timely payment and shall not constitute a waiver of any Event of Default or otherwise prejudice or limit any rights or remedies of Lender.
(c) 360-Day Year. Interest shall be computed on the basis of a 360-day year consisting of twelve (12) months of thirty (30) days.
(d) Debit of Accounts. In the event not received by Lender when due, or as Lender and Borrower may otherwise agree in writing, Lender may debit any of Borrowers deposit accounts, including the Designated Deposit Account, through automatic debit of such accounts, Automated Clearinghouse (ACH) or other transfers, for principal, interest and other Obligations owing by Borrower to Lender when due. These debits shall not constitute a set-off.
(e) Payments. Unless otherwise provided, interest is payable monthly, in arrears, on the first calendar day of each month. Payments of principal and/or interest received after 12:00 p.m. Pacific time are considered received at the opening of business on the next Business Day. When a payment is due on a day that is not a Business Day, the payment is due the next Business Day and additional fees or interest, as applicable, shall continue to accrue.
2.3 Fees. Borrower shall pay to Lender:
(a) Facility Fee. A fully earned, non-refundable loan fee, on account of the Growth Capital Loan B, of One Hundred Twenty Five Thousand Dollars ($125,000) (the Facility Fee), receipt of Twenty Five Thousand Dollars ($25,000) of which hereby is acknowledged by Lender;
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(b) Final Payments. The Final Payments when due on the Growth Capital Loan A Maturity Date or the Growth Capital Loan B Maturity Date, respectively, or pursuant to the terms of Sections 2.1.1(d) or 2.1.1(e);and
(c) Lender Expenses. All Lender Expenses (including reasonable attorneys fees and expenses, plus reasonable expenses for documentation and negotiation of this Agreement) incurred through and after the Closing Date, when due.
|3||CONDITIONS OF LOANS|
3.1 Conditions Precedent to Credit Extension. Lenders obligation to make the Credit Extension is subject to the condition precedent that Borrower shall consent to or have delivered, in form and substance satisfactory to Lender, such documents, and completion of such other matters, as Lender may reasonably deem necessary or appropriate, including, without limitation:
(a) duly executed original signatures to the Loan Documents to which it is a party;
(b) duly executed original signatures to the Control Agreement(s);
(c) duly executed original signatures to the Warrant;
(d) its Operating Documents and good standing certificates (or equivalents) of Borrower certified by the Secretary of State of the States of Delaware and California (and such other states and/or jurisdictions in which Borrower is qualified to do and or doing business) as of a date no earlier than thirty (30) days prior to the Closing Date;
(e) a duly executed original Secretarys Certificate certifying the adoption and ratification of, and completed Borrowing Resolutions for, Borrower;
(f) a landlords consent executed in favor of Lender with respect to each of Borrowers leased locations (other than Borrowers New Jersey location);
(g) certified copies, dated as of a recent date, of financing statement searches, as Lender shall request, accompanied by written evidence (including any UCC termination statements) that the Liens indicated in any such financing statements either constitute Permitted Liens or have been or, in connection with the Credit Extension, will be terminated or released;
(h) the Perfection Certificate executed by Borrower;
(i) evidence satisfactory to Lender that the insurance policies required by Section 6.5 hereof are in full force and effect, together with appropriate evidence showing lender loss payable and/or additional insured clauses or endorsements in favor of Lender; and
(j) payment of the fees and Lender Expenses then due as specified in Section 2.3 hereof.
3.2 Conditions Precedent to the Credit Extension. Lenders obligation to make the Credit Extension is subject to the following:
(a) Borrower shall have duly executed and delivered to Lender the Growth Capital Loan B Promissory Note in the amount of the Growth Capital Loan B, and the Disbursement Letter;
(b) the representations and warranties in Section 5 shall be true in all material respects on the Funding Date of the Credit Extension; provided, however, that such materiality qualifier shall not be applicable to any representations and warranties that already are qualified or modified by materiality in the text thereof; and provided, further that those representations and warranties expressly referring to a specific date shall be true, accurate and complete in all material respects as of such date, and no Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing or result from the Credit Extension. The Credit Extension is Borrowers representation and warranty on that date that the representations and warranties in Section 5 remain true in all material respects; provided, however, that such materiality qualifier shall not be applicable to any representations and warranties that already are qualified or modified by materiality in the text thereof; and provided, further that those representations and warranties expressly referring to a specific date shall be true, accurate and complete in all material respects as of such date; and
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(c) in Lenders sole discretion, there has not been a Material Adverse Change.
3.3 Covenant to Deliver. Borrower agrees to deliver to Lender each item required to be delivered to Lender under this Agreement as a condition to the Credit Extension. Borrower expressly agrees that a Credit Extension made prior to the receipt by Lender of any such item shall not constitute a waiver by Lender of Borrowers obligation to deliver such item, and the Credit Extension in the absence of a required item shall be made in Lenders sole discretion.
|4||CREATION OF SECURITY INTEREST|
4.1 Grant of Security Interest. Borrower hereby grants Lender, to secure the payment and performance in full of all of the Obligations, a continuing security interest in, and pledges to Lender, the Collateral, wherever located, whether now owned or hereafter acquired or arising, and all proceeds and products thereof. Borrower represents, warrants, and covenants that the security interest granted herein is and shall at all times continue to be a first priority perfected security interest in the Collateral (subject only to Permitted Liens that may have superior priority to Lenders Lien pursuant to the terms of this Agreement). If Borrower shall acquire a commercial tort claim (as defined in the Code), Borrower shall promptly notify Lender in a writing signed by Borrower of the general details thereof (and further details as may be required by Lender in the exercise of its reasonable discretion) and grant to Lender in such writing a security interest therein and in the proceeds thereof, all upon the terms of this Agreement, with such writing to be in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to Lender.
If this Agreement is terminated. Lenders Lien in the Collateral shall continue until the Obligations (other than inchoate indemnity obligations) are repaid in full in cash. Upon payment in full in cash of the Obligations (other than inchoate indemnity obligations), Lender shall, at Borrowers sole cost and expense, release its Liens in the Collateral and all rights therein shall revert to Borrower.
4.2 Authorization to File Financing Statements. Borrower hereby authorizes Lender to file financing statements, without notice to Borrower, with all appropriate jurisdictions to perfect or protect Lenders interest or rights hereunder, including a notice that any disposition of the Collateral, by either Borrower or any other Person, shall be deemed to violate the rights of Lender under the Code. Such financing statements may indicate the Collateral as all assets of the Debtor or words of similar effect, or as being of an equal or lesser scope, or with greater detail, all in Lenders discretion.
|5||REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES|
Borrower represents and warrants as follows:
5.1 Due Organization, Authorization; Power and Authority. Borrower is duly existing and in good standing in its jurisdiction of formation and is qualified and licensed to do business and is in good standing in any jurisdiction in which the conduct of its business or its ownership of property requires that it be qualified except where the failure to do so could not reasonably be expected to have a material adverse effect on Borrowers business. In connection with this Agreement, Borrower has delivered to Lender a completed certificate signed by Borrower, entitled Perfection Certificate. Borrower represents and warrants to Lender that (a) Borrowers exact legal name is that indicated on the Perfection Certificate and on the signature page hereof; (b) Borrower is an organization of the type and is organized in the jurisdiction set forth in the Perfection Certificate; (c) the Perfection Certificate accurately sets forth Borrowers organizational identification number or accurately states that Borrower has none; (d) the Perfection Certificate accurately sets forth Borrowers place of business, or, if more than one, Borrowers chief executive office as well as Borrowers mailing address (if different than its chief executive office); (e) Borrower (and none of its predecessors) has not, in the past five (5) years, changed its jurisdiction of formation, organizational structure or type, or any organizational number assigned by its jurisdiction; and (f) all other information set forth on the Perfection Certificate pertaining to Borrower and its Subsidiaries is accurate and complete (it being understood and agreed that Borrower may from time to time update certain information in the Perfection Certificate after the Closing Date to the extent permitted by one or more specific provisions in this Agreement). If Borrower is not now a Registered Organization but later becomes one, Borrower shall promptly notify Lender of such occurrence and provide Lender with Borrowers organizational identification number.
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The execution, delivery and performance by Borrower of the Loan Documents to which it is a party have been duly authorized, and do not (i) conflict with any of Borrowers organizational documents, (ii) contravene, conflict with, constitute a default under or violate any material Requirement of Law, (iii) contravene, conflict or violate any applicable order, writ, judgment, injunction, decree, determination or award of any Governmental Authority by which Borrower or any its Subsidiaries or any of their property or assets may be bound or affected, (iv) require any action by, filing, registration, or qualification with, or Governmental Approval from, any Governmental Authority (except such Governmental Approvals which have already been obtained and are in full force and effect) or (v) constitute an event of default under any material agreement by which Borrower is bound. Borrower is not in default under any agreement to which it is a party or by which it is bound in which the default could have a material adverse effect on Borrowers business.
5.2 Collateral. Borrower has good title to, has rights in, and the power to grant a Lien to Lender in each item of the Collateral upon which it purports to grant a Lien under the Loan Documents to which it is a party, free and clear of any and all Liens except Permitted Liens. Borrower does not have any deposit accounts other than the deposit accounts with Silicon Valley Bank, the deposit accounts, if any, described in the Perfection Certificate delivered to Lender in connection herewith, or of which Borrower has given Lender notice and taken such actions as are necessary to give Lender a perfected security interest therein.
The Collateral is not in the possession of any third party bailee (such as a warehouse) except as otherwise provided in the Perfection Certificate; and the book value of any such Collateral does not exceed $250,000. None of the components of the Collateral shall be maintained at locations other than as provided in the Perfection Certificate or as permitted pursuant to Section 7.2. In the event that Borrower, after the date hereof, intends to store or otherwise deliver any portion of the Collateral (having an aggregate book value in excess of $250,000) to a bailee, then Borrower will first receive the written consent of Lender and such bailee must execute and deliver a bailee agreement in form and substance satisfactory to Lender in its sole discretion. None of the Collateral (other than office equipment and furniture having an aggregate book value not in excess of $10,000) is now, or will at any time during the term hereof, be located at or in Borrowers leased premises in New Jersey.
Borrower is the sole owner of the Intellectual Property which it owns or purports to own except for (a) (i) non-exclusive licenses of Intellectual Property granted to third parties in the ordinary course of business, and (ii) licenses of Intellectual Property that could not result in a legal transfer of title of the licensed property that may be exclusive in respects other than territory and that may be exclusive as to territory only as to discreet geographical areas outside of the United States, (b) over-the-counter software that is commercially available to the public, and (c) Intellectual Property licensed to Borrower and, to the extent constituting material Intellectual Property, as noted on the Perfection Certificate. Each Patent which it owns or purports to own and which is material to Borrowers business is valid and enforceable, and no part of the Intellectual Property which Borrower owns or purports to own and which is material to Borrowers business has been judged invalid or unenforceable, in whole or in part. To the best of Borrowers knowledge, no claim has been made that any part of the Intellectual Property violates the rights of any third party except to the extent such claim would not reasonably be expected to have a material adverse effect on Borrowers business. Except as noted on the Perfection Certificate, Borrower is not a party to, nor is it bound by, any Restricted License.
5.3 Litigation. Except as set forth in the Perfection Certificate, there are no actions or proceedings pending or, to the knowledge of the Responsible Officers, threatened in writing by or against Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries involving more than $100,000.
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5.4 No Material Deviation in Financial Statements. All consolidated financial statements for Borrower and its Subsidiaries delivered to Lender fairly present in all material respects the Borrowers and such Subsidiaries consolidated financial condition and consolidated results of operations. There has not been any material deterioration in the Borrowers and its Subsidiaries consolidated financial condition since the date of the most recent financial statements submitted to Lender.
5.5 Solvency. The fair salable value of Borrowers assets (including goodwill minus disposition costs) exceeds the fair value of its liabilities; Borrower is not left with unreasonably small capital after the transactions in this Agreement; and Borrower is able to pay its debts (including trade debts) as they mature.
5.6 Regulatory Compliance. Borrower is not an investment company or a company controlled by an investment company under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended. Borrower is not engaged as one of its important activities in extending credit for margin stock (under Regulations X, T and U of the Federal Reserve Board of Governors). Borrower has complied in all material respects with the Federal Fair Labor Standards Act. Neither Borrower nor any of its Subsidiaries is a holding company or an affiliate of a holding company or a subsidiary company of a holding company as each term is defined and used in the Public Utility Holding Company Act of 2005. Borrower has not violated any laws, ordinances or rules, the violation of which could reasonably be expected to have a material adverse effect on its business. None of Borrowers or any of its Subsidiaries properties or assets has been used by Borrower or any Subsidiary or, to the best of Borrowers knowledge, by previous Persons, in disposing, producing, storing, treating, or transporting any hazardous substance other than legally. Borrower and each of its Subsidiaries have obtained all consents, approvals and authorizations of, made all declarations or filings with, and given all notices to, all Governmental Authorities that are necessary to continue their respective businesses as currently conducted.
5.7 Subsidiaries; Investments. Borrower does not own any stock, partnership interest or other equity securities except for Permitted Investments.
5.8 Tax Returns and Payments; Pension Contributions. Borrower has timely filed all required tax returns and reports, and has timely paid all foreign, federal, state and local taxes, assessments, deposits and contributions owed by Borrower. Borrower may defer payment of any contested taxes, provided that Borrower (a) in good faith contests its obligation to pay the taxes by appropriate proceedings promptly and diligently instituted and conducted, (b) notifies Lender in writing of the commencement of, and any material development in, the proceedings, (c) posts bonds or takes any other steps required to prevent the governmental authority levying such contested taxes from obtaining a Lien upon any of the Collateral that is other than a Permitted Lien. Borrower is unaware of any claims or adjustments proposed for any of Borrowers prior tax years which could result in additional taxes becoming due and payable by Borrower. Borrower has paid all amounts necessary to fund all present pension, profit sharing and deferred compensation plans in accordance with their terms, as applicable, and Borrower has not withdrawn from participation in, and has not permitted partial or complete termination of, or permitted the occurrence of any other event with respect to, any such plan which could reasonably be expected to result in any liability of Borrower, including any liability to the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation or its successors or any other governmental agency, as applicable.
5.9 Use of Proceeds. Borrower shall use the proceeds of the Credit Extension solely as working capital and to fund its general business requirements and not for personal, family, household or agricultural purposes.
5.10 Full Disclosure. No written representation, warranty or other statement of Borrower in any certificate or written statement given to Lender, as of the date such representation, warranty, or other statement was made, taken together with all such written certificates and written statements given to Lender, contains any untrue statement of a material fact or omits to state a material fact necessary to make the statements contained in the certificates or statements not misleading (it being recognized by Lender that the projections and forecasts provided by Borrower in good faith and based upon reasonable assumptions are not viewed as facts and that actual results during the period or periods covered by such projections and forecasts may differ from the projected or forecasted results).
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Borrower shall do all of the following:
6.1 Government Compliance.
(a) Maintain its and all its Subsidiaries legal existence and good standing in their respective jurisdictions of formation and maintain qualification in each jurisdiction in which the failure to so qualify would reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Change. Borrower shall comply, and have each Subsidiary comply, with all laws, ordinances and regulations to which it is subject, noncompliance with which could have a material adverse effect on Borrowers business.
(b) Obtain all of the Governmental Approvals necessary for the performance by Borrower of its obligations under the Loan Documents to which it is a party and the grant of a security interest to Lender in all of its property. Borrower shall promptly provide copies of any such obtained Governmental Approvals to Lender.
6.2 Financial Statements, Reports, Certificates. Deliver to Lender:
(a) Quarterly Financial Statements. As soon as available, but no later than forty-five (45) days after the last day of each of the first three quarters of Borrowers fiscal year, a company prepared consolidated financial statements prepared under GAAP, consistently applied, certified by a Responsible Officer and in a form reasonably acceptable to Lender;
(b) Annual Audited Financial Statements. As soon as available, but no later than one hundred twenty (120) days after the last day of Borrowers fiscal year, audited consolidated financial statements prepared under GAAP, consistently applied, together with an unqualified opinion on the financial statements from an independent certified public accounting firm acceptable to Lender in its reasonable discretion;
(c) Compliance Certificates. Concurrently with the delivery of any financial statements pursuant to clauses (a), (b) and (c), a duly completed Compliance Certificate signed by a Responsible Officer, certifying that as of the end of such period, Borrower was in full compliance with all of the terms and conditions of this Agreement, and setting forth such other information as Lender shall reasonably request;
(d) Other Statements. Within five (5) days of delivery, unless earlier posted on Borrowers website, copies of all statements, reports and notices made available to Borrowers security holders or to any holders of Subordinated Debt;
(e) SEC Filings. Within five (5) days of filing, copies of all periodic and other reports, proxy statements and other materials filed by Borrower with the SEC, any Governmental Authority succeeding to any or all of the functions of the SEC or with any national securities exchange, or distributed to its shareholders, as the case may be. Notwithstanding the foregoing, documents required to be delivered pursuant to the terms hereof (to the extent any such documents are included in materials otherwise filed with the SEC) shall be deemed to have been delivered to Lender on the date on which Borrower posts such documents, or provides a link thereto, on Borrowers website on the internet at Borrowers website address;
As to any information contained in the materials furnished pursuant to this clause (f), Borrower shall not be required separately to furnish such information under clauses (b), (c) and (e), but the foregoing shall not be in derogation of the obligation of Borrower to furnish the information and materials described in such clauses (b), (c) and (e) at the times specified therein; provided, that Borrower shall provide paper copies to Lender of the Compliance Certificates required by Section 6.2(d).
(f) Annual Financial Projections. Within 45 days after the end of each fiscal year, commencing with the fiscal year ending 2010, annual financial projections for the following fiscal year (on a quarterly basis) as approved by Borrowers board of directors, together with any related business forecasts used in the preparation of such annual financial projections;
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(g) Legal Action Notice. A prompt report of any legal actions pending or threatened in writing against Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries that could reasonably be expected to result in damages or costs to Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries of, individually or in the aggregate, $250,000 or more;
(h) Intellectual Property Notice. Prompt written notice of (i) any material change in the composition of the Intellectual Property, (ii) the registration of any copyright, including any subsequent ownership right of Borrower in or to any copyright, patent or trademark not shown in the IP Agreement, and (iii) Borrowers knowledge of an event that could reasonably be expected to materially and adversely affect the value of the Intellectual Property; and
(i) Other Financial Information. Budgets, sales projections, operating plans and other financial information reasonably requested by Lender, including but not limited to account statements with respect to each bank, investment or similar account maintained by Borrower, within ten (10) days after the end of each month or other receipt thereof.
6.3 Inventory; Returns. Keep all Inventory (other than clinical inventory) in good and marketable condition, free from material defects. Returns and allowances between Borrower and its Account Debtors shall follow Borrowers customary practices as they exist at the Closing Date. Borrower must promptly notify Lender of all returns, recoveries, disputes and claims that involve more than $100,000.
6.4 Taxes; Pensions. Timely file, and require each Subsidiary to timely file, all required tax returns and reports and timely pay, and require each Subsidiary to timely file, all foreign, federal, state and local taxes, assessments, deposits and contributions owed by Borrower, except for deferred payment of any taxes contested pursuant to the terms of Section 5.8 hereof, and shall deliver to Lender, on demand, appropriate certificates attesting to such payments, and pay all amounts necessary to fund all present pension, profit sharing and deferred compensation plans in accordance with their terms.
6.5 Insurance. Keep its, and cause each Subsidiary to keep its respective business and the Collateral insured for risks and in amounts standard for companies in Borrowers industry and locations and as Lender may reasonably request; provided that Borrowers Subsidiaries may be covered by Borrowers insurance policies. Insurance policies shall be in a form, with companies, and in amounts that are reasonably satisfactory to Lender. All property policies shall have a lenders loss payable endorsement showing Lender as lender loss payee and waive subrogation against Lender, and all liability policies shall show, or have endorsements showing, Lender as an additional insured. All policies (or the loss payable and additional insured endorsements) shall provide that the insurer shall give Lender at least twenty (20) days notice before canceling (other than cancellation based on non-payment of premium, with respect to which the insurer shall provide at least ten (10) days notice before canceling) or declining to renew its policy. At Lenders request, Borrower shall deliver certified copies of policies and evidence of all premium payments. If Borrower or any Subsidiary fails to obtain insurance as required under this Section 6.5 or to pay any amount or furnish any required proof of payment to third persons and Lender, Lender may make all or part of such payment or obtain such insurance policies required in this Section 6.5, and take any action under the policies Lender deems prudent.
6.6 Operating Accounts.
(a) Maintain all of its and all of its domestic Subsidiaries operating and other deposit accounts and securities accounts with Silicon Valley Bank, in each case subject to Control Agreements in favor of and in form and substance reasonably acceptable to Lender.
(b) Provide Lender five (5) days prior written notice before establishing any Collateral Account at or with any bank or financial institution other than Silicon Valley Bank. For each Collateral Account that Borrower at any time maintains, Borrower shall cause the applicable bank or financial institution at or with which any Collateral Account is maintained to execute and deliver a Control Agreement or other appropriate instrument with respect to such Collateral Account to perfect Lenders Lien in such Collateral Account in accordance with the terms hereunder. The provisions of the previous sentence shall not apply to deposit accounts exclusively used for payroll, payroll taxes and other employee wage and benefit payments to or for the benefit of Borrowers employees and identified to Lender by Borrower as such.
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6.7 Intentionally Omitted.
6.8 Protection and Registration of Intellectual Property Rights.
(a) (i) Protect, defend and maintain the validity and enforceability of its Intellectual Property; (ii) promptly advise Lender in writing of material infringements of its Intellectual Property; and (iii) not allow any Intellectual Property material to Borrowers business to be abandoned, forfeited or dedicated to the public without Lenders written consent.
(b) If Borrower (i) obtains any Patent, registered Trademark, registered Copyright, registered mask work, or any pending application for any of the foregoing, whether as owner, licensee or otherwise, or (ii) applies for any Patent or the registration of any Trademark, then Borrower shall immediately provide written notice thereof to Lender and shall execute such intellectual property security agreements and other documents and take such other actions as Lender shall request in its good faith business judgment to perfect and maintain a first priority perfected security interest in favor of Lender in such property. If Borrower decides to register any Copyrights or mask works in the United States Copyright Office, Borrower shall: (x) provide Lender with at least fifteen (15) days prior written notice of Borrowers intent to register such Copyrights or mask works together with a copy of the application it intends to file with the United States Copyright Office (excluding exhibits thereto); and (y) execute an intellectual property security agreement and such other documents and take such other actions as Lender may reasonably request in its good faith business judgment to perfect and maintain a first priority perfected security interest in favor of Lender in the Copyrights or mask works intended to be registered with the United States Copyright Office, and hereby authorizes Lender to record such intellectual property security agreement with the United States Copyright Office contemporaneously with filing the Copyright or mask work application(s) with the United States Copyright Office. Borrower shall promptly provide to Lender copies of all applications that it files for Patents or for the registration of Trademarks, Copyrights or mask works, together with evidence of the recording of the intellectual property security agreement necessary for Lender to perfect and maintain a first priority perfected security interest in such property.
(c) Provide written notice to Lender within ten (10) days of entering or becoming bound by any Restricted License (other than over-the-counter software that is commercially available to the public). Borrower shall take such steps as Lender requests to obtain the consent of, or waiver by, any person whose consent or waiver is necessary for (i) any Restricted License to be deemed Collateral and for Lender to have a security interest in it that might otherwise be restricted or prohibited by law or by the terms of any such Restricted License, whether now existing or entered into in the future, and (ii) Lender to have the ability in the event of a liquidation of any Collateral to dispose of such Collateral in accordance with Lenders rights and remedies under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents.
6.9 Litigation Cooperation. From the date hereof and continuing through the termination of this Agreement, make available to Lender at reasonable times, without expense to Lender, Borrower and its officers, employees and agents and Borrowers books and records, to the extent that Lender may deem them reasonably necessary to prosecute or defend any third-party suit or proceeding instituted by or against Lender with respect to any Collateral or relating to Borrower.
6.10 Notices of Litigation and Default. Borrower will give prompt written notice to Lender of any litigation or governmental proceedings pending or threatened (in writing) against Borrower which would reasonably be expected to have a material adverse effect with respect to Borrower. Without limiting or contradicting any other more specific provision of this Agreement, promptly (and in any event within three (3) Business Days) upon Borrower (or any officer thereof) becoming aware of the existence of any Event of Default or event which, with the giving of notice or passage of time, or both, would constitute an Event of Default, Borrower shall give written notice to Lender of such occurrence, which such notice shall include a reasonably detailed description of such Event of Default or event which, with the giving of notice or passage of time, or both, would constitute an Event of Default.
6.11 Formation or Acquisition of Subsidiaries. At the time that Borrower or any Subsidiary forms any direct or indirect Subsidiary or acquires any direct or indirect Subsidiary after the Closing Date, Borrower and such Subsidiary shall (a) cause such new Subsidiary to provide to Lender a joinder to this Agreement to cause such Subsidiary to become a co-borrower hereunder, together with such appropriate financing statements and/or Control Agreements, all in form and substance satisfactory to Lender (including being sufficient to grant Lender a first priority Lien (subject to Permitted Liens) in and to the assets of such newly formed or acquired Subsidiary), (b) provide to Lender appropriate certificates and powers and financing statements, pledging all of the direct or beneficial ownership interest in such new Subsidiary, in form and substance satisfactory to Lender, and (c) provide to Lender all other documentation in form and substance satisfactory to Lender, including one or more opinions of counsel satisfactory to Lender, which in its opinion is appropriate with respect to the execution and delivery of the applicable documentation referred to above. Any document, agreement, or instrument executed or issued pursuant to this Section 6.11 shall be a Loan Document.
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6.12 Dissolution of Ingenex. Borrower shall cause Ingenex to be dissolved, and shall provide evidence of the same to Lender, in form and content reasonably acceptable to Lender, by no later than December 31, 2010.
6.13 Further Assurances. Execute any further instruments and take further action as Lender reasonably requests to perfect or continue Lenders Lien in the Collateral or to effect the purposes of this Agreement and the other Loan Documents. Deliver to Lender, within five (5) days after the same are sent or received, copies of all correspondence, reports, documents and other filings with any Governmental Authority regarding compliance with or maintenance of Governmental Approvals or Requirements of Law or that could reasonably be expected to have a material effect on any of the Governmental Approvals or otherwise on the operations of Borrower.
Borrower shall not do any of the following without Lenders prior written consent, which consent may be granted or withheld in Lenders sole discretion exercised in good faith in a commercially reasonable manner:
7.1 Dispositions. Convey, sell, lease, transfer or otherwise dispose of (collectively, Transfer), or permit any Subsidiary to Transfer, all or any part of its business or property, except for Transfers (a) of Inventory in the ordinary course of business; (b) of worn-out or obsolete Equipment; and (c) in connection with Permitted Liens and Permitted Investments; and (d) of non-exclusive licenses for the use of the property of Borrower or its Subsidiaries (other than Ingenex) in the ordinary course of business and licenses that could not result in a legal transfer of title of the licensed property but that may be exclusive in respects other than territory and that may be exclusive as to territory only as to discreet geographical areas outside of the United States. Without limiting the foregoing, Borrower shall not Transfer any property or asset to Ingenex.
7.2 Changes in Business, Management, Control, or Business Locations. (a) Engage in or permit any Subsidiary to engage in any business other than the businesses currently engaged in by Borrower or such Subsidiary, as applicable, or reasonably related thereto; (b) liquidate or dissolve; or (c) (i) have a change in any Key Person, unless replaced by a Person reasonably acceptable to Lender within thirty (30) days of such change, or (ii) permit or suffer any Change in Control. Borrower shall not, without at least fifteen (15) days prior written notice to Lender: (1) add any new offices or business locations, including warehouses (unless such new offices or business locations contain less than Ten Thousand Dollars ($10,000) in Borrowers assets or property), (2) change its jurisdiction of organization, (3) change its organizational structure or type, (4) change its legal name, or (5) change any organizational number (if any) assigned by its jurisdiction of organization.
7.3 Mergers or Acquisitions. Merge or consolidate, or permit any Subsidiary to merge or consolidate, with any other Person, or acquire, or permit any Subsidiary to acquire, all or substantially all of the capital stock or property of another Person. A Subsidiary may merge or consolidate into Borrower or another Subsidiary.
7.4 Indebtedness. Create, incur, assume, or be liable for any Indebtedness, or permit Borrower to do so, other than Permitted Indebtedness.
7.5 Encumbrance. Create, incur, allow, or suffer any Lien on any of the Collateral, or assign or convey any right to receive income, including the sale of any Accounts, or permit any of its Subsidiaries to do so, except for Permitted Liens, permit any Collateral not to be subject to the first priority security interest granted herein, or enter into any agreement, document, instrument or other arrangement (except with or in favor of Lender) with any Person which directly or indirectly prohibits or has the effect of prohibiting Borrower or any Subsidiary from assigning, mortgaging, pledging, granting a security interest in or upon, or encumbering any of Borrowers or any Subsidiarys Intellectual Property, except as is otherwise permitted in Section 7.1 hereof and the definition of Permitted Liens herein.
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7.6 Maintenance of Collateral Accounts. Maintain any Collateral Account except pursuant to the terms of Section 6.6 hereof.
7.7 Distributions; Investments. (a) Pay any dividends or make any distribution or payment in respect of any of its capital stock, or redeem, retire or purchase any of its capital stock other than in connection with Permitted Distributions; or (b) directly or indirectly acquire or own any Person, or make any Investment in any Person, other than Permitted Investments, or permit any of its Subsidiaries to do so.
7.8 Transactions with Affiliates. Directly or indirectly enter into or permit to exist any material transaction with any Affiliate of Borrower, except for (a) transactions that are in the ordinary course of Borrowers business, upon fair and reasonable terms (when viewed in the context of any series of transactions of which it may be a part, if applicable) that are no less favorable to Borrower than would be obtained in an arms length transaction with a non-affiliated Person; or (b) transactions among Borrower and its Subsidiaries and among Borrowers Subsidiaries so long as no Event of Default exists or could result therefrom.
7.9 Subordinated Debt. (a) Make or permit any payment on any Subordinated Debt, except under the terms of the subordination, Intercreditor, or other similar agreement to which such Subordinated Debt is subject, or (b) amend any provision in any document relating to the Subordinated Debt which would increase the amount thereof or adversely affect the subordination thereof to Obligations owed to Lender.
7.10 Compliance. Become an investment company or a company controlled by an investment company, under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, or undertake as one of its important activities extending credit to purchase or carry margin stock (as defined in Regulation U of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System), or use the proceeds of the Credit Extension for that purpose; fail to meet the minimum funding requirements of ERISA, permit a Reportable Event or Prohibited Transaction, as defined in ERISA, to occur; fail to comply with the Federal Fair Labor Standards Act or violate any other law or regulation, if the violation could reasonably be expected to have a material adverse effect on Borrowers business, or permit any of its Subsidiaries to do so; withdraw or permit any Subsidiary to withdraw from participation in, permit partial or complete termination of, or permit the occurrence of any other event with respect to, any present pension, profit sharing and deferred compensation plan which could reasonably be expected to result in any liability of Borrower, including any liability to the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation or its successors or any other governmental agency.
7.11 Indebtedness Payments. (i) Prepay, redeem, purchase, defease or otherwise satisfy in any manner prior to the scheduled repayment thereof any Indebtedness for borrowed money (other than amounts due under this Agreement or due any Lender) or lease obligations, (ii) amend, modify or otherwise change the terms of any Indebtedness for borrowed money or lease obligations so as to accelerate the scheduled repayment thereof or (iii) repay any notes to officers, directors or shareholders; provided that Borrower may pay compensation to employees, deferred as of the Closing Date, not to exceed $250,000 in the aggregate.
|8||EVENTS OF DEFAULT|
Any one of the following shall constitute an event of default (an Event of Default) under this Agreement:
8.1 Payment Default. Borrower fails to (a) make any payment of principal or interest on the Credit Extension on its due date, or (b) pay any other Obligations within three (3) Business Days after such Obligations are due and payable (which three (3) day grace period shall not apply to payments due on the Growth Capital Loan A Maturity Date or the Growth Capital Loan B Maturity Date, as applicable). During the cure period, the failure to cure the payment default is not an Event of Default;
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8.2 Covenant Default.
(a) Borrower fails or neglects to perform any obligation in Section 6.2, 6.4, 6.5, 6.6, 6.8, 6.11 or 6.12, or violates any covenant in Section 7; or
(b) Borrower fails or neglects to perform, keep, or observe any other term, provision, condition, covenant or agreement contained in this Agreement or any Loan Document to which it is a party, and as to any default (other than those specified in this Section 8) under such other term, provision, condition, covenant or agreement that can be cured, has failed to cure the default within ten (10) days after the occurrence thereof; provided, however, that if the default cannot by its nature be cured within the ten (10) day period or cannot after diligent attempts by Borrower be cured within such ten (10) day period, and such default is likely to be cured within a reasonable time, then Borrower shall have an additional period (which shall not in any case exceed thirty (30) days) to attempt to cure such default, and within such reasonable time period the failure to cure the default shall not be deemed an Event of Default. Grace periods provided under this section shall not apply, among other things, to financial covenants or any other covenants set forth in subsection (a) above;
8.3 Material Adverse Change. A Material Adverse Change occurs;
8.4 Attachment; Levy; Restraint on Business. (a) (i) The service of process seeking to attach, by trustee or similar process, any funds of Borrower or of any entity under control of Borrower (including a Subsidiary) on deposit or otherwise maintained with Silicon Valley Bank, or (ii) a notice of lien, levy, or assessment is filed against any of Borrowers assets by any government agency, and the same under subclauses (i) and (ii) hereof are not, within ten (10) days after the occurrence thereof, discharged or stayed (whether through the posting of a bond or otherwise); or (b) (i) any material portion of Borrowers assets is attached, seized, levied on, or comes into possession of a trustee or receiver, or (ii) any court order enjoins, restrains, or prevents Borrower from conducting any part of its business;
8.5 Insolvency. (a) Borrower is unable to pay its debts (including trade debts) as they become due or otherwise becomes insolvent; (b) Borrower begins an Insolvency Proceeding; or (c) an Insolvency Proceeding is begun against Borrower and not dismissed or stayed within thirty (30) days;
8.6 Other Agreements. There is a default in any agreement to which Borrower is a party with a third party or parties resulting in a right by such third party or parties, whether or not exercised, to accelerate the maturity of any Indebtedness in an amount in excess of $100,000 or that could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Change;
8.7 Judgments. One or more final judgments, orders, or decrees for the payment of money in an amount, individually or in the aggregate, of at least $100,000 (not covered by independent third-party insurance as to which liability has been accepted by such insurance carrier) shall be rendered against Borrower and shall remain unsatisfied, unvacated, or unstayed for a period often (10) days after the entry thereof;
8.8 Misrepresentations. Borrower or any Person acting for Borrower makes any representation, warranty, or other statement now or later in this Agreement, any Loan Document or in any writing delivered to Lender or to induce Lender to enter this Agreement or any Loan Document, and such representation, warranty, or other statement is incorrect in any material respect when made;
8.9 Subordinated Debt. A default or breach occurs under any agreement between Borrower and any creditor of Borrower that signed a subordination, intercreditor, or other similar agreement with Lender, or any creditor that has signed such an agreement with Lender breaches any material terms of such agreement;
8.10 Governmental Approvals. Any Governmental Approval shall have been (a) revoked, rescinded, suspended, modified in an adverse manner or not renewed in the ordinary course for a full term or (b) subject to any decision by a Governmental Authority that designates a hearing with respect to any applications for renewal of any of such Governmental Approval or that could result in the Governmental Authority taking any of the actions described in clause (a) above, and such decision or such revocation, rescission, suspension, modification or non-renewal (i) has, or could reasonably be expected to have, a Material Adverse Change, or (ii) adversely affects the legal qualifications of Borrower to hold such Governmental Approval in any applicable jurisdiction and such revocation, rescission, suspension, modification or non-renewal could reasonably be expected to affect the status of or legal qualifications of Borrower to hold any Governmental Approval in any other jurisdiction.
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|9||LENDERS RIGHTS AND REMEDIES|
9.1 Rights and Remedies. While an Event of Default occurs and continues Lender may, without notice or demand, do any or all of the following:
(a) declare in writing all Obligations immediately due and payable (but if an Event of Default described in Section 8.5 occurs all Obligations are immediately due and payable without any action by Lender);
(b) stop advancing money or extending credit for Borrowers benefit under this Agreement or under any other agreement between Borrower and Lender;
(c) settle or adjust disputes and claims directly with Account Debtors for amounts on terms and in any order that Lender considers advisable in the exercise of its commercially reasonable discretion, notify any Person owing Borrower money of Lenders security interest in such funds, and verify the amount of such account;
(d) make any payments and do any acts it considers necessary or reasonable to protect the Collateral and/or its security interest in the Collateral. Borrower shall assemble the Collateral if Lender requests and make it available as Lender reasonably designates. Lender may enter premises where the Collateral is located, take and maintain possession of any part of the Collateral, and pay, purchase, contest, or compromise any Lien which appears to be prior or superior to its security interest and pay all expenses incurred. Borrower grants Lender a license to enter and occupy any of its premises, without charge, to exercise any of Lenders rights or remedies;
(e) apply to the Obligations any (i) balances and deposits of Borrower it holds, or (ii) any amount held by Lender owing to or for the credit or the account of Borrower;
(f) ship, reclaim, recover, store, finish, maintain, repair, prepare for sale, advertise for sale, and sell the Collateral. Lender is hereby granted a non-exclusive, royalty-free license or other right to use, without charge, Borrowers labels, Patents, Copyrights, mask works, rights of use of any name, trade secrets, trade names, Trademarks, service marks, and advertising matter, or any similar property as it pertains to the Collateral, in completing production of, advertising for sale, and selling any Collateral and, in connection with Lenders exercise of its rights under this Section, Borrowers rights under all licenses and all franchise agreements inure to Lenders benefit as collateral assignee;
(g) place a hold on any account maintained with Lender and/or deliver a notice of exclusive control, any entitlement order, or other directions or instructions pursuant to any Control Agreement or similar agreements providing control of any Collateral;
(h) demand and receive possession of Borrowers Books; and
(i) exercise all rights and remedies available to Lender under the Loan Documents or at law or equity, including all remedies provided under the Code (including disposal of the Collateral pursuant to the terms thereof).
9.2 Power of Attorney. Borrower hereby irrevocably appoints Lender as its lawful attorney-in-fact, exercisable upon the occurrence and during the continuance of an Event of Default, to: (a) endorse Borrowers name on any checks or other forms of payment or security; (b) sign Borrowers name on any invoice or bill of lading for any Account or drafts against Account Debtors; (c) settle and adjust disputes and claims about the Accounts directly with Account Debtors, for amounts and on terms Lender determines reasonable; (d) make, settle, and adjust all claims under Borrowers insurance policies; (e) pay, contest or settle any Lien, charge, encumbrance, security interest, and adverse claim in or to the Collateral, or any judgment based thereon, or otherwise take any action to terminate or discharge the same; and (f) transfer the Collateral into the name of Lender or a third party as the Code permits. Borrower hereby appoints Lender as its lawful attorney-in-fact to sign Borrowers name on any documents necessary to perfect or continue the perfection of Lenders security interest in the Collateral regardless of whether an Event of Default has occurred until all Obligations have been satisfied in full. Lenders foregoing appointment as Borrowers attorney in fact, and all of Lenders rights and powers, coupled with an interest, are irrevocable until all Obligations have been fully repaid and performed.
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9.3 Protective Payments. If Borrower fails to obtain the insurance called for by Section 6.5 or fails to pay any premium thereon or fails to pay any other amount which Borrower is obligated to pay under this Agreement or any other Loan Document, Lender may obtain such insurance or make such payment, and all amounts so paid by Lender are Lender Expenses and immediately due and payable, bearing interest at the Default Rate, and secured by the Collateral. Lender will make reasonable efforts to provide Borrower with notice of Lender obtaining such insurance at the time it is obtained or within a reasonable time thereafter. No payments by Lender are deemed an agreement to make similar payments in the future or Lenders waiver of any Event of Default.
9.4 Application of Payments and Proceeds. Borrower shall not have any right to specify the order or the accounts to which Lender shall allocate or apply any payments required to be made by Borrower to Lender or otherwise received by Lender under this Agreement when any such allocation or application is not specified elsewhere in this Agreement. If an Event of Default has occurred and is continuing, Lender may apply any funds in its possession, whether from Borrower account balances, payments, proceeds realized as the result of any collection of Accounts or other disposition of the Collateral, or otherwise, to the Obligations in such order as Lender shall determine in its sole discretion. Any surplus shall be paid to Borrower or other Persons legally entitled thereto; Borrower shall remain liable to Lender for any deficiency. If Lender, in its good faith business judgment, directly or indirectly enters into a deferred payment or other credit transaction with any purchaser at any sale of Collateral, Lender shall have the option, exercisable at any time, of either reducing the Obligations by the principal amount of the purchase price or deferring the reduction of the Obligations until the actual receipt by Lender of cash therefor.
9.5 Lenders Liability for Collateral. So long as Lender complies with reasonable practices regarding the safekeeping of the Collateral in the possession or under the control of Lender, Lender shall not be liable or responsible for: (a) the safekeeping of the Collateral; (b) any loss or damage to the Collateral; (c) any diminution in the value of the Collateral; or (d) any act or default of any carrier, warehouseman, bailee, or other Person. The Credit Parties bear all risk of loss, damage or destruction of the Collateral.
9.6 No Waiver; Remedies Cumulative. Lenders failure, at any time or times, to require strict performance by Borrower of any provision of this Agreement or any other Loan Document shall not waive, affect, or diminish any right of Lender thereafter to demand strict performance and compliance herewith or therewith. No waiver hereunder shall be effective unless signed by Lender and then is only effective for the specific instance and purpose for which it is given. Lenders rights and remedies under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents are cumulative. Lender has all rights and remedies provided under the Code, by law, or in equity. Lenders exercise of one right or remedy is not an election, and shall not preclude Lender from exercising any other remedy under this Agreement or other remedy available at law or in equity, and Lenders waiver of any Event of Default is not a continuing waiver. Lenders delay in exercising any remedy is not a waiver, election, or acquiescence.
9.7 Demand Waiver. Borrower, for itself an on behalf of each Subsidiary, waives demand, notice of default or dishonor, notice of payment and nonpayment, notice of any default, nonpayment at maturity, release, compromise, settlement, extension, or renewal of accounts, documents, instruments, chattel paper, and guarantees held by Lender on which Borrower is liable.
All notices, consents, requests, approvals, demands, or other communication by any party to this Agreement or any other Loan Document must be in writing and shall be deemed to have been validly served, given, or delivered: (a) upon the earlier of actual receipt and three (3) Business Days after deposit in the U.S. mail, first class, registered or certified mail return receipt requested, with proper postage prepaid; (b) upon transmission, when sent by electronic mail or facsimile transmission; (c) one (1) Business Day after deposit with a reputable overnight courier with all charges prepaid; or (d) when delivered, if hand-delivered by messenger, all of which shall be addressed to the party to be notified and sent to the address, facsimile number, or email address indicated below. Lender or Borrower may change its mailing or electronic mail address or facsimile number by giving the other party written notice thereof in accordance with the terms of this Section 10.
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|If to Borrower:|| |
TITAN PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
400 Oyster Point Blvd., Suite 505
South San Francisco, CA 94080
Attn: Chief Financial Officer
|If to Lender:|| |
OXFORD FINANCE CORPORATION
133 N. Fairfax Street
Alexandria, VA 22314
Attn: Tim A. Lex, Chief Operating Officer
|11||CHOICE OF LAW, VENUE , JURY TRIAL WAIVER AND JUDICIAL REFERENCE|
California law governs the Lo an Documents without regard to principles of conflicts of law. Borrower and Lender each submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the State and Federal courts in San Diego County, California; provided, however, that nothing in this Agreement shall be deemed to operate to preclude Lender from bringing suit or taking other legal action in any other jurisdiction to realize on the Collateral or any other security for the Obligations, or to enforce a judgment or other court order in favor of Lender. Borrower expressly submits and consents in advance to such jurisdiction in any action or suit commenced in any such court, and Borrower hereby waives any objection that it may have based upon lack of personal jurisdiction improper venue, or forum non conveniens and hereby consents to the granting of such legal or equitable relief as is deemed appropriate by such court. Borrower hereby waives personal service of the summons, complaints, and other process issued in such action or suit and agrees that service of such summons, complaints, and other process may be made by registered or certified mail addressed to Borrower at the address set forth in Section 10 of this Agreement and that service so made shall be deemed completed upon the earlier to occur of Borrowers actual receipt thereof or three (3) days after deposit in the U.S. mails, proper postage prepaid.
TO THE FULLEST EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW, BORROWER AND LENDER EACH WAIVE THEIR RIGHT TO A JURY TRIAL OF ANY CLAIM OR CAUSE OF ACTION ARISING OUT OF OR BASED UPON THIS AGREEMENT, THE LOAN DOCUMENTS OR ANY CONTEMPLATED TRANSACTION, INCLUDING CONTRACT, TORT, BREACH OF DUTY AND ALL OTHER CLAIMS. THIS WAIVER IS A MATERIAL INDUCEMENT FOR BOTH PARTIES TO ENTER INTO THIS AGREEMENT. EACH PARTY HAS REVIEWED THIS WAIVER WITH ITS COUNSEL .
WITHOUT INTENDING IN ANY WAY TO LIMIT THE PARTIES AGREEMENT TO WAIVE THEIR RESPECTIVE RIGHT TO A TRIAL BY JURY, if the above waiver of the right to a trial by jury is not enforceable, the parties hereto agree that any and all disputes or controversies of any nature between them arising at any time shall be decided by a reference to a private judge, mutually selected by the parties (or, if they cannot agree, by the Presiding Judge of the San Diego County, California Superior Court) appointed in accordance with California Code of Civil Procedure Section 638 (or pursuant to comparable provisions of federal law if the dispute falls within the exclusive jurisdiction of the federal courts), sitting without a jury, in San Diego County, California; and the parties hereby submit to the jurisdiction of such court. The reference proceedings shall be conducted pursuant to and in accordance with the provisions of California Code of Civil Procedure §§ 638 through 645.1, inclusive. The private judge shall have the power, among others, to grant provisional relief, including without limitation, entering temporary restraining orders, issuing preliminary and permanent injunctions and appointing receivers. All such proceedings shall be closed to the public and confidential and all records relating thereto shall be permanently sealed. If during the course of any dispute, a party desires to seek provisional relief, but a judge has not been appointed at that point pursuant to the judicial reference procedures, then such party may apply to the San Diego County, California Superior Court for such relief. The proceeding before the private judge shall be conducted in the same manner as it would be before a court under the rules of evidence applicable to judicial proceedings. The parties shall be entitled to discovery which shall be conducted in the same manner as it would be before a court under the rules of discovery applicable to judicial proceedings. The private judge shall oversee discovery and may enforce all discovery rules and order applicable to judicial proceedings in the same manner as a trial court judge. The parties agree that the selected or appointed private judge shall have the power to decide all issues in the action or proceeding, whether of fact or of law, and shall report a statement of decision thereon pursuant to the California Code of Civil Procedure § 644(a). Nothing in this paragraph shall limit the right of any party at any time to exercise self-help remedies, foreclose against collateral, or obtain provisional remedies. The private judge shall also determine all issues relating to the applicability, interpretation, and enforceability of this paragraph.
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12.1 Successors and Assigns. This Agreement binds and is for the benefit of the successors and permitted assigns of each party. Borrower may not assign this Agreement or any rights or obligations under it without Lenders prior written consent (which may be granted or withheld in Lenders discretion). Lender has the right, without the consent of or notice to Borrower, to sell, transfer, negotiate, or grant participation in all or any part of, or any interest in, Lenders obligations, rights, and benefits under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents.
12.2 Indemnification. Borrower agrees to indemnify, defend and hold Lender and its directors, officers, employees, agents, attorneys, or any other Person affiliated with or representing Lender (each, an Indemnified Person) harmless against: (a) all obligations, demands, claims, and liabilities (collectively, Claims) claimed or asserted by any other party in connection with the transactions contemplated by the Loan Documents; and (b) all losses or expenses (including Lender Expenses) in any way suffered, incurred, or paid by such Indemnified Person as a result of, following from, consequential to, or arising from transactions between Lender and Borrower (including reasonable attorneys fees and expenses), except for Claims and/or losses directly caused by such Indemnified Persons gross negligence or willful misconduct.
12.3 Time of Essence. Time is of the essence for the performance of all Obligations in this Agreement.
12.4 Severability of Provisions. Each provision of this Agreement is severable from every other provision in determining the enforceability of any provision.
12.5 Correction of Loan Documents. Upon prior written notice to Borrower, Lender may correct patent errors and fill in any blanks in this Agreement and the other Loan Documents consistent with the agreement of the parties.
12.6 Amendments in Writing; Integration. All amendments to this Agreement must be in writing and signed by both Lender and Borrower. This Agreement and the Loan Documents represent the entire agreement about this subject matter and supersede prior negotiations or agreements. All prior agreements, understandings, representations, warranties, and negotiations between the parties about the subject matter of this Agreement and the Loan Documents merge into this Agreement and the Loan Documents.
12.7 Counterparts. This Agreement may be executed in any number of counterparts and by different parties on separate counterparts, each of which, when executed and delivered, are an original, and all taken together, constitute one Agreement.
12.8 Survival. All covenants, representations and warranties made in this Agreement continue in full force until this Agreement has terminated pursuant to its terms and all Obligations (other than inchoate indemnity obligations and any other obligations which, by their terms, are to survive the termination of this Agreement) have been satisfied. The obligation of Borrower in Section 12.2 to indemnify Lender shall survive until the statute of limitations with respect to such claim or cause of action shall have run.
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12.9 Confidentiality. In handling any confidential information, Lender shall exercise the same degree of care that it exercises for its own proprietary information, but disclosure of information may be made: (a) to Lenders Subsidiaries or Affiliates; (b) to prospective transferees or purchasers of any interest in the Credit Extension (provided, however, Lender shall use commercially reasonable efforts to obtain such prospective transferees or purchasers agreement to the terms of this provision); (c) as required by law, regulation, subpoena, or other order; (d) to Lenders regulators or as otherwise required in connection with Lenders examination or audit; (e) as Lender considers appropriate in exercising remedies under the Loan Documents; and (f) to third-party service providers of Lender so long as such service providers have executed a confidentiality agreement with Lender with terms no less restrictive than those contained herein. Confidential information does not include information that either: (i) is in the public domain or in Lenders possession when disclosed to Lender, or becomes part of the public domain after disclosure to Lender; or (ii) is disclosed to Lender by a third party, if Lender does not know that the third party is prohibited from disclosing the information.
Lender may use confidential information for any purpose, including, without limitation, for the development of client databases, reporting purposes, and market analysis, so long as Lender does not disclose Borrowers identity or the identity of any person associated with Borrower unless otherwise expressly permitted by this Agreement. The provisions of the immediately preceding sentence shall survive the termination of this Agreement.
12.10 Attorneys Fees, Costs and Expenses. In any action or proceeding between Borrower and Lender arising out of or relating to the Loan Documents, the prevailing party shall be entitled to recover its reasonable attorneys fees and other costs and expenses incurred, in addition to any other relief to which it may be entitled.
12.11 Electronic Execution of Documents. The words execution, signed, signature and words of like import in any Loan Document shall be deemed to include electronic signatures or the keeping of records in electronic form, each of which shall be of the same legal effect, validity and enforceability as a manually executed signature or the use of a paper-based recordkeeping systems, as the case may be, to the extent and as provided for in any applicable law, including, without limitation, any state law based on the Uniform Electronic Transactions Act.
12.12 Captions. The headings used in this Agreement are for convenience only and shall not affect the interpretation of this Agreement.
12.13 Construction of Agreement. The parties mutually acknowledge that they and their attorneys have participated in the preparation and negotiation of this Agreement. In cases of uncertainty this Agreement shall be construed without regard to which of the parties caused the uncertainty to exist.
12.14 Relationship. The relationship of the parties to this Agreement is determined solely by the provisions of this Agreement. The parties do not intend to create any agency, partnership, joint venture, trust, fiduciary or other relationship with duties or incidents different from those of parties to an arms-length contract.
12.15 Third Parties. Nothing in this Agreement, whether express or implied, is intended to: (a) confer any benefits, rights or remedies under or by reason of this Agreement on any persons other than the express parties to it and their respective permitted successors and assigns; (b) relieve or discharge the obligation or liability of any person not an express party to this Agreement; or (c) give any person not an express party to this Agreement any right of subrogation or action against any party to this Agreement.
12.16 Effect of Amendment and Restatement. Except as otherwise set forth herein, this Agreement is intended to and does completely amend and restate, without novation, the Original Agreement. All security interests granted under the Original Agreement are hereby confirmed and ratified and shall continue to secure all Obligations under this Agreement.
13.1 Definitions. As used in the Loan Documents, the word shall is mandatory, the word may is permissive, the word or is not exclusive, the words includes and including are not limiting, the singular includes the plural, and numbers denoting amounts that are set off in brackets are negative. As used in this Agreement, the following capitalized terms have the following meaning:
Account is any account as defined in the Code with such additions to such term as may hereafter be made, and includes, without limitation, all accounts receivable and other sums owing to Borrower.
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Account Debtor is any account debtor as defined in the Code with such additions to such term as may hereafter be made.
Affiliate is, with respect to any Person, each other Person that owns or controls directly or indirectly the Person, any Person that controls or is controlled by or is under common control with the Person, and each of that Persons senior executive officers, directors, partners and, for any Person that is a limited liability company, that Persons managers and members.
Agreement is defined in the preamble hereof.
Borrower is defined in the preamble hereof.
Borrowers Books are all Borrowers books and records including ledgers, federal and state tax returns, records regarding Borrowers assets or liabilities, the Collateral, business operations or financial condition, and all computer programs or storage or any equipment containing such information.
Borrowing Resolutions are, with respect to any Person, those resolutions adopted by such Persons Board of Directors and delivered by such Person to Lender approving the Loan Documents to which such Person is a party and the transactions contemplated thereby, together with a certificate executed by its secretary on behalf of such Person certifying that (a) such Person has the authority to execute, deliver, and perform its obligations under each of the Loan Documents to which it is a party, (b) that attached as Exhibit A to such certificate is a true, correct, and complete copy of the resolutions then in full force and effect authorizing and ratifying the execution, delivery, and performance by such Person of the Loan Documents to which it is a party, (c) the name(s) of the Person(s) authorized to execute the Loan Documents on behalf of such Person, together with a sample of the true signature(s) of such Person(s), and (d) that Lender may conclusively rely on such certificate unless and until such Person shall have delivered to Lender a further certificate canceling or amending such prior certificate.
Business Day is any day that is not a Saturday, Sunday or a day on which Lender is closed.
Cash Equivalents means (a) marketable direct obligations issued or unconditionally guaranteed by the United States or any agency or any State thereof having maturities of not more than one (1) year from the date of acquisition; (b) commercial paper maturing no more than one (1) year after its creation and having the highest rating from either Standard & Poors Ratings Group or Moodys Investors Service, Inc.; (c) Lenders certificates of deposit issued maturing no more than one (1) year after issue; and (d) money market funds at least ninety-five percent (95%) of the assets of which constitute Cash Equivalents of the kinds described in clauses (a) through (c) of this definition.
Change in Control is a transaction in which any person or group (within the meaning of Section 13(d) and 14(d)(2) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended) becomes the beneficial owner (as defined in Rule 13d-3 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended), directly or indirectly, of greater than 49% of the shares of all classes of stock then outstanding of Borrower ordinarily entitled to vote in the election of directors.
Closing Date is the date on which all of the conditions of Section 3 of this Agreement have been satisfied or waived by Lender.
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Code is the Uniform Commercial Code, as the same may, from time to time, be enacted and in effect in the State of California; provided, that, to the extent that the Code is used to define any term herein or in any Loan Document and such term is defined differently in different Articles or Divisions of the Code, the definition of such term contained in Article or Division 9 shall govern; provided further, that in the event that, by reason of mandatory provisions of law, any or all of the attachment, perfection, or priority of, or remedies with respect to, Lenders Lien on any Collateral is governed by the Uniform Commercial Code in effect in a jurisdiction other than the State of California, the term Code shall mean the Uniform Commercial Code as enacted and in effect in such other jurisdiction solely for purposes on the provisions thereof relating to such attachment, perfection, priority, or remedies and for purposes of definitions relating to such provisions.
Collateral is any and all properties, rights and assets of Borrower described on Exhibit A.
Collateral Account is any Deposit Account, Securities Account, or Commodity Account.
Commodity Account is any commodity account as defined in the Code with such additions to such term as may hereafter be made.
Compliance Certificate is that certain certificate in the form attached hereto as Exhibit B.
Contingent Obligation is, for any Person, any direct or indirect liability, contingent or not, of that Person for (a) any indebtedness, lease, dividend, letter of credit or other obligation of another such as an obligation directly or indirectly guaranteed, endorsed, co-made, discounted or sold with recourse by that Person, or for which that Person is directly or indirectly liable; (b) any obligations for undrawn letters of credit for the account of that Person; and (c) all obligations from any interest rate, currency or commodity swap agreement, interest rate cap or collar agreement, or other agreement or arrangement designated to protect a Person against fluctuation in interest rates, currency exchange rates or commodity prices; but Contingent Obligation does not include endorsements in the ordinary course of business. The amount of a Contingent Obligation is the stated or determined amount of the primary obligation for which the Contingent Obligation is made or, if not determinable, the maximum reasonably anticipated liability for it determined by the Person in good faith; but the amount may not exceed the maximum of the obligations under any guarantee or other support arrangement.
Control Agreement is any control agreement entered into among the depository institution at which Borrower maintains a Deposit Account or the securities intermediary or commodity intermediary at which Borrower maintains a Securities Account or a Commodity Account, Borrower, and Lender pursuant to which Lender obtains control (within the meaning of the Code) over such Deposit Account, Securities Account, or Commodity Account; provided that, Lender shall not exercise control under any such Control Agreement unless an Event of Default occurs.
Copyrights are any and all copyright rights, copyright applications, copyright registrations and like protections in each work or authorship and derivative work thereof, whether published or unpublished and whether or not the same also constitutes a trade secret.
Credit Extension is the Growth Capital Advances.
Default Rate is defined in Section 2.2(b).
Deposit Account is any deposit account as defined in the Code with such additions to such term as may hereafter be made.
Designated Deposit Account is any of Borrowers deposit accounts, including account numbers 3300680880 and 3300680895, maintained with Silicon Valley Bank.
Disbursement Letter is that certain form attached hereto as Exhibit D.
Dollars, dollars and $ each mean lawful money of the United States.
Equipment is all equipment as defined in the Code with such additions to such term as may hereafter be made, and includes without limitation all machinery, fixtures, goods, vehicles (including motor vehicles and trailers), and any interest in any of the foregoing.
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ERISA is the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, and its regulations.
Event of Default is defined in Section 8.
Final Payments means, collectively, the Growth Capital Loan A Final Payment and the Growth Capital Loan B Final Payment.
Funding Date is the date on which the Growth Capital Loan B is made to or on account of Borrower.
GAAP is generally accepted accounting principles set forth in the opinions and pronouncements of the Accounting Principles Board of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants and statements and pronouncements of the Financial Accounting Standards Board or in such other statements by such other Person as may be approved by a significant segment of the accounting profession, which are applicable to the circumstances as of the date of determination.
General Intangibles is all general intangibles as defined in the Code in effect on the date hereof with such additions to such term as may hereafter be made, and includes without limitation, all Intellectual Property, claims, income and other tax refunds, security and other deposits, payment intangibles, contract rights, options to purchase or sell real or personal property, rights in all litigation presently or hereafter pending (whether in contract, tort or otherwise), insurance policies (including without limitation key man, property damage, and business interruption insurance), payments of insurance and rights to payment of any kind.
Governmental Approval is any consent, authorization, approval, order, license, franchise, permit, certificate, accreditation, registration, filing or notice, of, issued by, from or to, or other act by or in respect of, any Governmental Authority.
Governmental Authority is any nation or government, any state or other political subdivision thereof, any agency, authority, instrumentality, regulatory body, court, central bank or other entity exercising executive, legislative, judicial, taxing, regulatory or administrative functions of or pertaining to government, any securities exchange and any self-regulatory organization.
Growth Capital Advance or Growth Capital Advances means, individually or collectively, as the context dictates, the Growth Capital Loan A and or the Growth Capital Loan B.
Growth Capital Loan A is defined in Section 2.1.1(a).
Growth Capital Loan A Final Payment means a fee (in addition to and not a substitution for any other payment due hereunder) in the amount of One Hundred Eighty Thousand Dollars ($180,000).
Growth Capital Loan A Maturity Date is January 1, 2013, or such earlier date as the Growth Capital Loan A or any portion of the Obligations is accelerated, whether by prepayment or otherwise.
Growth Capital Loan B is defined in Section 2.1.1(b).
Growth Capital Loan B Amortization Date means August 1, 2011.
Growth Capital Loan B Final Payment means a fee (in addition to and not a substitution for any other payment due hereunder) in the amount of Three Hundred Thousand Dollars ($300,000); provided that, if the Obligations are repaid prior to the first anniversary of the Closing Date solely as a result of a Royalty Monetization Deal, the Growth Capital Loan B Final Payment shall be reduced to One Hundred Seventy Five Thousand Dollars ($175,000); provided further that, if a Royalty Monetization Deal (and prepayment as a result thereof) does not occur within the first anniversary of the Closing Date, the Growth Capital Loan B Final Payment shall revert to Three Hundred Thousand Dollars ($300,000).
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Growth Capital Loan B Maturity Date is January 1, 2014, or such earlier date as the Growth Capital Loan B or any portion of the Obligations is accelerated, whether by prepayment or otherwise.
Indebtedness is (a) indebtedness for borrowed money or the deferred price of property or services, such as reimbursement and other obligations for surety bonds and letters of credit, (b) obligations evidenced by notes, bonds, debentures or similar instruments, (c) capital lease obligations, and (d) Contingent Obligations.
Indemnified Person is defined in Section 12.2.
Ingenex is Ingenex, Inc., a majority-owned Subsidiary of Borrower.
Insolvency Proceeding is any proceeding by or against any Person under the United States Bankruptcy Code, or any other bankruptcy or insolvency law, including assignments for the benefit of creditors, compositions, extensions generally with its creditors, or proceedings seeking reorganization, arrangement, or other relief.
Intellectual Property means all of Borrowers right, title, and interest in and to the following:
(a) its Copyrights, Trademarks and Patents;
(b) any and all trade secrets and trade secret rights, including, without limitation, any rights to unpatented inventions, know-how, operating manuals;
(c) any and all source code;
(d) any and all design rights which may be available to Borrower;
(e) any and all claims for damages by way of past, present and future infringement of any of the foregoing, with the right, but not the obligation, to sue for and collect such damages for said use or infringement of the Intellectual Property rights identified above; and
(f) all amendments, renewals and extensions of any of the Copyrights, Trademarks or Patents.
Interest Only Period means the period of time commencing on the Funding Date through the day before the Growth Capital Loan B Amortization Date.
Inventory is all inventory as defined in the Code in effect on the date hereof with such additions to such term as may hereafter be made, and includes without limitation all merchandise, raw materials, parts, supplies, packing and shipping materials, work in process and finished products, including without limitation such inventory as is temporarily out of Borrowers custody or possession or in transit and including any returned goods and any documents of title representing any of the above.
Investment is any beneficial ownership interest in any Person (including stock, partnership interest or other securities), and any loan, advance or capital contribution to any Person.
IP Agreement is that certain Amended and Restated Intellectual Property Security Agreement executed and delivered by Borrower to Lender dated as of the Closing Date.
Key Person is any of the President or Executive Chairman of the Board of Borrower.
Lender is defined in the preamble hereof.
Lender Expenses are all audit fees (provided that Borrower shall not be responsible to reimburse Lender for audit fees incurred by Lender for more than one (1) audit per fiscal year unless such additional audit is conducted following the occurrence of an Event of Default) and reasonable expenses, costs, and expenses (including reasonable attorneys fees and expenses) for preparing, amending, negotiating, administering, defending and enforcing the Loan Documents (including, without limitation, those incurred in connection with appeals or Insolvency Proceedings) or otherwise incurred with respect to Borrower in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby.
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LIBOR Rate means, an interest rate per annum (rounded upward, if necessary, to the nearest l/l0,000th of one percent (0.0001%)) equal to LIBOR on the applicable Funding Date.
LIBOR Margin is, with respect to the Growth Capital Loan A, 12.72%; and, with respect to the Growth Capital Loan B, 12.71%.
LIBOR means the rate of interest per annum determined by Lender to be the per annum rate of interest at which deposits in United States Dollars are offered to Lender in the London interbank market (rounded upward, if necessary, to the nearest l/10,000th of one percent (0.0001%)) in which Lender customarily participates at 11:00 a.m. (local time in such interbank market) for a 3-month period and published in The Wall Street Journal two (2) Business Days prior to the making of any Growth Capital Advance and in an amount approximately equal to the amount of such Growth Capital Advance.
Lien is a claim, mortgage, deed of trust, levy, charge, pledge, security interest or other encumbrance of any kind, whether voluntarily incurred or arising by operation of law or otherwise against any property.
Loan Documents are, collectively, this Agreement, the IP Agreement, the Perfection Certificate, the Promissory Notes, the Disbursement Letter, any other note, or notes or guaranties executed by Borrower or any Subsidiary, and any other present or future agreement between Borrower and/or any Subsidiary and/or for the benefit of Lender in connection with this Agreement, all as amended, restated, or otherwise modified.
Material Adverse Change is (a) a material impairment in the perfection or priority of Lenders Lien in the Collateral or in the value of such Collateral; (b) a material adverse change in the business, operations, or condition (financial or otherwise) of Borrower; or (c) a material impairment of the prospect of repayment of any portion of the Obligations.
Obligations are Borrowers obligation to pay when due any debts, principal, interest, Lender Expenses and other amounts Borrower owes Lender now or later, whether under this Agreement, the Loan Documents, or otherwise, including, without limitation, all obligations relating to letters of credit (including reimbursement obligations for drawn and undrawn letters of credit), cash management services, and foreign exchange contracts, if any, and including interest accruing after Insolvency Proceedings begin and debts, liabilities, or obligations of Borrower assigned to Lender, and the performance of Borrowers duties under the Loan Documents.
Operating Documents are, for any Person, such Persons formation documents, as certified with the Secretary of State of such Persons state of formation on a date that is no earlier than 30 days prior to the Closing Date, and, (a) if such Person is a corporation, its bylaws in current form, (b) if such Person is a limited liability company, its limited liability company agreement (or similar agreement), and (c) if such Person is a partnership, its partnership agreement (or similar agreement), each of the foregoing with all current amendments or modifications thereto.
Patents means all patents, patent applications and like protections including without limitation improvements, divisions, continuations, renewals, reissues, extensions and continuations-in-part of the same.
Perfection Certificate is defined in Section 5.1.
Permitted Distributions means:
(a) purchases of capital stock from former employees, consultants and directors pursuant to repurchase agreements or other similar agreements in an aggregate amount not to exceed $100,000 in any fiscal year, provided that at the time of such purchase no Event of Default has occurred and is continuing;
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(b) distributions or dividends consisting solely of Borrowers capital stock;
(c) purchases for value of any rights distributed in connection with any stockholder rights plan;
(d) purchases of capital stock or options to acquire such capital stock with the proceeds received from a substantially concurrent issuance of capital stock or convertible securities;
(e) purchases of capital stock pledged as collateral for loans to employees; and
(f) purchases of capital stock in connection with the exercise of stock options or stock appreciation rights by way of cashless exercise or in connection with the satisfaction of withholding tax obligations.
Permitted Indebtedness is:
(a) Borrowers Indebtedness to Lender under this Agreement and any other Loan Document;
(b) (i) any Indebtedness that does not exceed $100,000 in principal amount existing on the Closing Date, and (ii) any Indebtedness in excess of $100,000 in principal amount existing on the Closing Date and shown on the Perfection Certificate;
(c) Subordinated Debt;
(d) unsecured Indebtedness to trade creditors incurred in the ordinary course of business;
(e) capitalized leases and purchase money Indebtedness not to exceed $100,000 in the aggregate in any fiscal year secured by Permitted Liens;
(f) Indebtedness for deferred compensation in accordance with, and subject to the terms and conditions of, Section 7.1 l(iii); and
(g) refinanced Permitted Indebtedness, provided that the amount of such Indebtedness is not increased except by an amount equal to a reasonable premium or other reasonable amount paid in connection with such refinancing and by an amount equal to any existing, but unutilized, commitment thereunder.
Permitted Investments are:
(a) Investments shown on the Perfection Certificate and existing on the Closing Date;
(b) Investments permitted by Borrowers investment policy, as amended from time to time, provided that such investment policy (and any amendment thereto) has been approved by Lender;
(c) Investments (i) by Borrower in Subsidiaries not to exceed $100,000 in the aggregate in any fiscal year and (ii) by Subsidiaries in other Subsidiaries not to exceed $100,000 in the aggregate in any fiscal year or in Borrower; provided that neither Borrower nor any Subsidiary shall make any investment in Ingenex, provided that Borrower may make investments in or for the benefit of Ingenex not to exceed $60,000 per year on account of the license arrangement between Ingenex and Pfizer;
(d) Investments consisting of Collateral Accounts in the name of Borrower or any Subsidiary so long as Lender has a first priority, perfected security interest in such Collateral Accounts;
(e) Investments (including debt obligations) received in connection with the bankruptcy or reorganization of customers or suppliers and in settlement of delinquent obligations of, and other disputes with, customers or suppliers arising in the ordinary course of business;
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(f) Investments permitted by Section 7.3; and
(g) joint ventures or strategic alliances in the ordinary course of Borrowers business consisting of (A) (i) non-exclusive licenses of Intellectual Property granted to third parties in the ordinary course of business, and (ii) licenses of Intellectual Property that could not result in a legal transfer of title of the licensed property that may be exclusive in respects other than territory and that may be exclusive as to territory only as to discreet geographical areas outside of the United States; (B) the development of such Intellectual Property; or (C) the providing of technical support; provided that any cash investments by Borrower do not exceed $100,000 in the aggregate in any fiscal year; provided further that that the foregoing dollar limitation shall not be applicable in connection with any joint venture or strategic alliance entered into for the development of Probuphine, provided that (x) Borrower at all times maintains all ownership and title to the Probuphine product line and the underlying Intellectual Property related thereto, and (y) Borrower does not transfer any cash or other Collateral to any joint venture counterparty or strategic alliance counterparty in connection with any such joint venture or strategic alliance.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, Permitted Investments shall not include, and Borrower and each Subsidiary is prohibited from purchasing, purchasing participations in, entering into any type of swap or other equivalent derivative transaction, or otherwise holding or engaging in any ownership interest in any type of debt instrument, including, without limitation, any corporate or municipal bonds with a long-term nominal maturity for which the interest rate is reset through a dutch auction and more commonly referred to as an auction rate security.
Permitted Liens are:
(a) (i) Liens securing Permitted Indebtedness described under clause (b) of the definition of Permitted Indebtedness or (ii) Liens arising under this Agreement or other Loan Documents;
(b) Liens for taxes, fees, assessments or other government charges or levies, either not delinquent or being contested in good faith and for which Borrower maintains adequate reserves on its Books, provided that no notice of any such Lien has been filed or recorded under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, and the Treasury Regulations adopted thereunder, if such Lien would be superior to any of Lenders Liens securing the Obligations;
(c) Liens (including with respect to capital leases) (i) on property (including accessions, additions, parts, replacements, fixtures, improvements and attachments thereto, and the proceeds thereof) acquired or held by Borrower or its Subsidiaries (other than Ingenex) incurred for financing such property (including accessions, additions, parts, replacements, fixtures, improvements and attachments thereto, and the proceeds thereof) other than Accounts, or (ii) existing on property (and accessions, additions, parts, replacements, fixtures, improvements and attachments thereto, and the proceeds thereof) when acquired other than Accounts, if the Lien is confined to such property (including accessions, additions, parts, replacements, fixtures, improvements and attachments thereto, and the proceeds thereof);
(d) Liens incurred in the extension, renewal or refinancing of the indebtedness secured by Liens described in (a) through (c), but any extension, renewal or replacement Lien must be limited to the property encumbered by the existing Lien and the principal amount of the indebtedness it secures may not increase;
(e) leases or subleases of real property granted in the ordinary course of Borrowers business, and leases, subleases, non-exclusive licenses or sublicenses of personal property (other than Intellectual Property) granted in the ordinary course of Borrowers business, if the leases, subleases, licenses and sublicenses do not prohibit granting Lender a security interest therein;
(f) (i) non-exclusive licenses of Intellectual Property granted to third parties in the ordinary course of business, and (ii) licenses of Intellectual Property that could not result in a legal transfer of title of the licensed property that may be exclusive in respects other than territory and that may be exclusive as to territory only as to discreet geographical areas outside of the United States;
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(g) leases or subleases granted in the ordinary course of Borrowers business, including in connection with Borrowers leased premises or leased property;
(h) Liens in favor of other financial institutions arising in connection with Borrowers deposit or securities accounts held at such institutions;
(i) Liens of carriers, warehousemen, suppliers, or other Persons that are possessory in nature arising in the ordinary course of business so long as such Liens attach only to Inventory, securing liabilities in the aggregate amount not to exceed $100,000 and which are not delinquent or remain payable without penalty or which are being contested in good faith and by appropriate proceedings which proceedings have the effect of preventing the forfeiture or sale of the property subject thereto;
(j) Liens to secure payment of workers compensation, employment insurance, old-age pensions, social security and other like obligations incurred in the ordinary course of business (other than Liens imposed by ERISA); and
(k) Liens other than those described above which do not at any time exceed $25,000 in the aggregate.
Person is any individual, sole proprietorship, partnership, limited liability company, joint venture, company, trust, unincorporated organization, association, corporation, institution, public benefit corporation, firm, joint stock company, estate, entity or government agency.
Promissory Note or Promissory Notes means the Secured Promissory Note issued under the Original Agreement in connection with the Growth Capital Loan A or, as the context dictates, the Growth Capital Loan B Secured Promissory Note in substantially the form attached hereto as Exhibit C.
Registered Organization is any registered organization as defined in the Code with such additions to such term as may hereafter be made
Requirement of Law is as to any Person, the organizational or governing documents of such Person, and any law (statutory or common), treaty, rule or regulation or determination of an arbitrator or a court or other Governmental Authority, in each case applicable to or binding upon such Person or any of its property or to which such Person or any of its property is subject.
Responsible Officer is any of the Executive Chairman, President, Chief Financial Officer and Controller of Borrower.
Restricted License is any material license or other material agreement with respect to which Borrower is the licensee (a) that prohibits or otherwise restricts Borrower from granting a security interest in Borrowers interest in such license or agreement or any other property, or (b) for which a default under or termination of could interfere with the Lenders right to sell any Collateral.
Royalty Monetization Deal means an arms-length, bona fide transaction involving the sale, licensing or other transfer of all or a substantial portion of the Borrowers rights in Fanapt (iloperidone) together with the related intellectual property, which transaction may be structured as a loan provided such loan is repayable only from royalties from Fanapt, is non-recourse to the Borrower and the proceeds of such transaction are utilized to repay in full the Obligations.
Securities Account is any securities account as defined in the Code with such additions to such term as may hereafter be made.
Subordinated Debt is (a) Indebtedness incurred by Borrower subordinated to Borrowers Indebtedness owed to Lender and which is reflected in a written agreement in a manner and form reasonably acceptable to Lender and approved by Lender in writing, and (b) to the extent the terms of subordination do not change adversely to Lender, refinancings, refundings, renewals, amendments or extensions of any of the foregoing.
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Subsidiary is, as to any Person, a corporation, partnership, limited liability company or other entity of which shares of stock or other ownership interests having ordinary voting power (other than stock or such other ownership interests having such power only by reason of the happening of a contingency) to elect a majority of the board of directors or other managers of such corporation, partnership or other entity are at the time owned, or the management of which is otherwise controlled, directly or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, or both, by such Person. Unless the context otherwise requires, each reference to a Subsidiary herein shall be a reference to a Subsidiary of Borrower.
Trademarks means any trademark and servicemark rights, whether registered or not, applications to register and registrations of the same and like protections, and the entire goodwill of the business of Borrower connected with and symbolized by such trademarks.
Transfer is defined in Section 7.1.
Warrant is that certain Warrant to Purchase Stock dated as of the Closing Date executed by Borrower in favor of Lender.
[Balance of Page Intentionally Left Blank]
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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties hereto have caused this Agreement to be executed as of the Closing Date.
|TITAN PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.|
|By||/s/ Sunil Bhonsle|
|OXFORD FINANCE CORPORATION|
|By||/s/ T.A. Lex|
[Signature Page to Amended and Restated Loan and Security Agreement]
EXHIBIT A COLLATERAL DESCRIPTION
The Collateral consists of all of Borrowers right, title and interest in and to the following personal property:
All goods, Accounts (including health-care receivables), Equipment, Inventory, contract rights or rights to payment of money (including but not limited to any royalty or similar rights to payment arising under or related to that certain Sublicense Agreement among Borrower and Novartis Pharma A.G. (and is successors and assigns, Novartis) dated as of November 20, 1997 and that certain Sublicense Agreement among Novartis and Vanda Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (and its successors and assigns) dated as of June 4, 2004; each as amended from time to time), leases, license agreements, franchise agreements, General Intangibles, commercial tort claims, documents, instruments (including any promissory notes), chattel paper (whether tangible or electronic), cash, deposit accounts, fixtures, letters of credit rights (whether or not the letter of credit is evidenced by a writing), securities, and all other investment property, supporting obligations, and financial assets, whether now owned or hereafter acquired, wherever located; and
All Borrowers Books relating to the foregoing, and any and all claims, rights and interests in any of the above and all substitutions for, additions, attachments, accessories, accessions and improvements to and replacements, products, proceeds and insurance proceeds of any or all of the foregoing.
EXHIBIT B COMPLIANCE CERTIFICATE
TO: OXFORD FINANCE CORPORATION
FROM: TITAN PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
The undersigned authorized officer of TITAN PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. (Borrower) certifies that under the terms and conditions of the Amended and Restated Loan and Security Agreement between Borrower and Oxford Finance Corporation (the Agreement):
(1) Borrower is in complete compliance for the period ending with all required covenants except as noted below; (2) there are no Events of Default; (3) all representations and warranties in the Agreement are true and correct in all material respects on this date except as noted below; provided, however, that such materiality qualifier shall not be applicable to any representations and warranties that already are qualified or modified by materiality in the text thereof; and provided, further that those representations and warranties expressly referring to a specific date shall be true, accurate and complete in all material respects as of such date; (4) Borrower, and each of its Subsidiaries, has timely filed all required tax returns and reports, and Borrower has timely paid all foreign, federal, state and local taxes, assessments, deposits and contributions owed by Borrower except as otherwise permitted pursuant to the terms of Section 5.8 of the Agreement; and (5) no Liens have been levied or claims made against Borrower (or any of its Subsidiaries) relating to unpaid employee payroll or benefits of which Borrower has not previously provided written notification to Lender.
Attached are the required documents supporting the certification. The undersigned certifies that these are prepared in accordance with GAAP consistently applied from one period to the next except as explained in an accompanying letter or footnotes. The undersigned acknowledges that no borrowings may be requested at any time or date of determination that Borrower is not in compliance with any of the terms of the Agreement, and that compliance is determined not just at the date this certificate is delivered. Capitalized terms used but not otherwise defined herein shall have the meanings given them in the Agreement.
Please indicate compliance status by circling Yes/No under Complies column.
|Quarterly financial statements with Compliance Certificate||Quarterly within 45 days||Yes No|
|Annual financial statement (CPA Audited) + CC||FYE within 120 days||Yes No|
|10-Q, 10-K and 8-K||Within 5 days after filing with SEC*||Yes No|
|Account statements (bank, investment, etc.)||Monthly (and/or upon receipt) within 10 days||Yes No|
|*||deemed delivered when posted on Borrowers website|
The following Intellectual Property was registered (or a registration application submitted) after the Closing Date (if no registrations, state None)
The following are the exceptions with respect to the certification above: (If no exceptions exist, state No exceptions to note.)
|TITAN PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.||LENDER USE ONLY|
|Compliance Status: Yes No|
GROWTH CAPITAL LOAN B
SECURED PROMISSORY NOTE
|$5,000,000||Dated: September 27, 2010|
FOR VALUE RECEIVED, the undersigned, TITAN PHARMACEUTICALS, INC., a Delaware corporation (Borrower), HEREBY PROMISES TO PAY to the order of OXFORD FINANCE CORPORATION (Lender) the principal amount of Five Million Dollars ($5,000,000) or such lesser amount as shall equal the outstanding principal balance of the Growth Capital Loan B made to Borrower by Lender pursuant to the Loan Agreement (defined below), and to pay all other amounts due with respect to the Growth Capital Loan B on the dates and in the amounts set forth in the Loan Agreement. Capitalized terms, unless defined in this Growth Capital Loan B Secured Promissory Note (this Note), shall have the meaning given such capitalized term in the Loan Agreement.
Interest on the principal amount of this Note from the date of this Note shall accrue at 13% per annum based on a 360-day year of twelve 30-day months or, if applicable, the Default Rate. Commencing on August 1, 2011, and continuing on the first day of each successive calendar month thereafter, Borrower shall make to Lender thirty (30) equal payments of principal and accrued interest on the then outstanding principal amount. Any and all remaining principal and interest shall be due and payable on the Growth Capital Loan B Maturity Date. In addition to the foregoing payments, on the Growth Capital Loan B Maturity Date (or upon earlier repayment, whether as a result of acceleration or otherwise) the Growth Capital Loan B Final Payment (as defined in and subject to the terms and conditions of the Loan Agreement) shall be due and payable by Borrower to Lender.
Principal, interest and all other amounts due with respect to the Growth Capital Loan B, are payable in lawful money of the United States of America to Lender as set forth in the Loan Agreement. The principal amount of this Note and the interest rate applicable thereto, and all payments made with respect thereto, shall be recorded by Lender and, prior to any transfer hereof, endorsed on the grid attached hereto which is part of this Note.
This Note is the Note referred to in, and is entitled to the benefits of, the Amended and Restated Loan and Security Agreement, dated as of the Closing Date (as defined therein), to which Borrower and Lender are parties (as amended from time to time, the Loan Agreement). The Loan Agreement, among other things, (a) provides for the making of this secured Growth Capital Loan B to Borrower, and (b) contains provisions for acceleration of the maturity hereof upon the happening of certain stated events.
This Note may not be prepaid except as provided in the Loan Agreement. This Note and the obligation of Borrower to repay the unpaid principal amount of the Growth Capital Loan B, interest on the Growth Capital Loan B and all other amounts due Lender under the Loan Agreement is secured under the Loan Agreement.
Presentment for payment, demand, notice of protest and all other demands and notices of any kind in connection with the execution, delivery, performance and enforcement of this Note are hereby waived.
Borrower shall pay all reasonable fees and expenses, including, without limitation, reasonable attorneys fees and costs, incurred by Lender in the enforcement or attempt to enforce any of Borrowers obligations hereunder not performed when due. This Note shall be governed by, and construed and interpreted in accordance with, the laws of the State of California.
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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties hereto have caused this Note to be executed as of the Closing Date.
|TITAN PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.|
[Signature Page to Growth Capital Loan B Secured Promissory Note]
LOAN INTEREST RATE AND PAYMENTS OF PRINCIPAL
The undersigned, being the duly elected and acting President of TITAN PHARMACEUTICALS, INC., a Delaware corporation (Borrower), does hereby certify to OXFORD FINANCE CORPORATION (Lender), in connection with that certain Amended and Restated Loan and Security Agreement dated as of September 27, 2010 by and between Borrower and Lender (the Loan Agreement; with other capitalized terms used below having the meanings ascribed thereto in the Loan Agreement) that:
|1.||The representations and warranties made by Borrower in Section 5 of the Loan Agreement and in the other Loan Documents are true, correct and complete in all material respects on the date hereof; provided, however, that such materiality qualifier shall not be applicable to any representations and warranties that already are qualified or modified by materiality in the text thereof; and provided, further that those representations and warranties expressly referring to a specific date shall be true, correct and complete in all material respects as of such date.|
|2.||No event or condition has occurred that would constitute an Event of Default under the Loan Agreement or any other Loan Document.|
|3.||Borrower is in compliance with the covenants and requirements contained in Sections 4, 6 and 7 of the Loan Agreement.|
|4.||All conditions referred to in Section 3 of the Loan Agreement to the making of the Credit Extension to be made on or about the date hereof have been satisfied.|
|5.||No Material Adverse Change has occurred.|
|6.||The proceeds of the Growth Capital Loan B shall be disbursed as follows:|
Disbursement from Lender:
Growth Capital Loan B Amount
Legal Fees and costs
Legal Fees and costs
Balance of Facility Fee
Net proceeds due from Lender to Borrower:
[Balance of Page Intentionally Left Blank]
|7.||The aggregate proceeds shall be wired to the Borrower as follows:|
|Account Name:||Titan Pharmaceuticals, Inc.|
|Bank Name:||Silicon Valley Bank|
|Bank Address:||3003 Tasman Drive|
|Santa Clara, CA 95054|
Dated as of the date first set forth above.
|TITAN PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.|
|OXFORD FINANCE CORPORATION|
[Signature Page to Disbursement Letter]
(Amortization Schedule Growth Capital Loan A)
[hardcopy to be attached]
(Amortization Schedule Growth Capital Loan B)
[hardcopy to be attached]