Filed Pursuant to Rule 424(b)(2)
Registration Statement No. 333-252482
2,725,000 shares of common stock
This prospectus of relates to the resale from time to time of up to 2,725,000 shares of our common stock, $0.001 par value per share, issuable upon the exercise of outstanding warrants (the “Placement Warrants”) held by the selling stockholders named herein (the “Selling Stockholders”).
The Selling Stockholders may offer the shares of common stock from time to time directly or through underwriters, broker-dealers or agents and in one or more public or private transactions at market prices prevailing at the time of sale, at fixed prices, at negotiated prices, at various prices determined at the time of sale or at prices related to prevailing market prices, as further described herein. If the shares of common stock are sold through underwriters, broker-dealers or agents, the Selling Stockholders or purchasers of the shares will be responsible for underwriting discounts or commissions or agents’ commissions. The timing and amount of any sale is within the sole discretion of the Selling Stockholders.
We will not receive any proceeds from the sale of these shares by the Selling Stockholders.
Our common stock is listed on The NASDAQ Capital Market under the symbol “TTNP.” On February 5, 2021, the last reported sale price of our common stock on The Nasdaq Capital Market was $3.65 per share.
Investing in our common stock involves a high degree of risk. Before buying any of our securities, you should carefully read “Risk Factors” on page 3 of this prospectus, and under similar headings in the other documents that are incorporated by reference into this prospectus.
Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or determined if this prospectus is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.
The date of this prospectus is February 5, 2021
TABLE OF CONTENTS
|CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS||8|
|USE OF PROCEEDS||9|
|PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION||15|
|WHERE YOU CAN FIND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION||16|
|INCORPORATION OF CERTAIN DOCUMENTS BY REFERENCE||17|
You should rely only on the information contained in or incorporated by reference into this prospectus. Neither we nor the Selling Stockholders have authorized, and no underwriter is expected to authorize, anyone to provide you with information that is different. This prospectus is not an offer to sell or solicitation of an offer to buy these securities in any circumstances under which the offer or solicitation is unlawful. The Selling Stockholders are offering to sell, and seeking offers to buy, our securities only in jurisdictions where offers and sales are permitted. You should not assume that the information we have included in this prospectus is accurate as of any date other than the date of this prospectus, or that any information we have incorporated by reference is accurate as of any date other than the date of the document incorporated by reference, regardless of the time of delivery of this prospectus or of any of our securities. Our business, financial condition, results of operations, and prospects may have changed since that date.
We further note that the representations, warranties and covenants made by us in any agreement that is filed as an exhibit to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part were made solely for the benefit of the parties to such agreement, including, in some cases, for the purpose of allocating risk among the parties thereto, and should not be deemed to be a representation, warranty or covenant to you. Moreover, such representations, warranties or covenants were accurate only as of the date when made. Accordingly, such representations, warranties and covenants should not be relied on as accurately representing the current state of our affairs.
The Titan design logo and the marks “Titan,” “Titan Pharmaceuticals,” Probuphine® and “ProNeura™” are the property of Titan. This prospectus supplement contains additional trade names, trademarks and service marks of ours and of other companies. We do not intend our use or display of other companies’ trade names, trademarks or service marks to imply a relationship with, or endorsement or sponsorship of us by, these other companies.
Investing in our securities involves a high degree of risk. You should carefully consider the risks described below and all of the information contained or incorporated by reference in this prospectus, including the risks described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, our subsequent Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, and all other information contained or incorporated by reference into this prospectus before deciding whether to purchase the securities offered hereby. Our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects could be materially and adversely affected by these risks.
Risks Related to This Offering
You may experience future dilution as a result of future equity offerings and other issuances of our common stock or other securities. In addition, this offering and future equity offerings and other issuances of our common stock or other securities may adversely affect our common stock price.
In order to raise additional capital, we may in the future offer additional shares of our common stock or other securities convertible into or exchangeable for our common stock at prices that may not be the same as the price per share in this offering. We may not be able to sell shares or other securities in any other offering at a price per share that is equal to or greater than the price per share paid by the investor in this offering, and investors purchasing shares or other securities in the future could have rights superior to existing stockholders. The price per share at which we sell additional shares of our common stock or securities convertible into common stock in future transactions may be higher or lower than the price per share in this offering. You will incur dilution upon exercise of any outstanding stock options, warrants or upon the issuance of shares of common stock under our stock incentive programs. In addition, the sale of shares in this offering and any future sales of a substantial number of shares of our common stock in the public market, or the perception that such sales may occur, could adversely affect the price of our common stock. We cannot predict the effect, if any, that market sales of those shares of common stock or the availability of those shares for sale will have on the market price of our common stock.
Our share price may be volatile, which could prevent you from being able to sell your shares at or above your purchase price.
The market price of shares of our common stock has been and may continue to be subject to wide fluctuations in response to many risk factors listed in this section, and others beyond our control, including:
|·||results of our product development efforts;|
|·||regulatory actions with respect to our products under development or our competitors’ products;|
|·||actual or anticipated fluctuations in our financial condition and operating results;|
|·||actual or anticipated fluctuations in our competitors’ operating results or growth rate;|
|·||announcements by us, our potential future collaborators or our competitors of significant acquisitions, strategic collaborations, joint ventures, or capital commitments;|
|·||issuance of new or updated research or reports by securities analysts;|
|·||fluctuations in the valuation of companies perceived by investors to be comparable to us;|
|·||inconsistent trading volume levels of our shares;|
|·||additions or departures of key personnel;|
|·||disputes or other developments related to proprietary rights, including patents, litigation matters and our ability to obtain patent protection for our technologies;|
|·||announcement or expectation of additional financing efforts;|
|·||sales of our common stock by us, our insiders or our other stockholders;|
|·||market conditions for biopharmaceutical stocks in general; and|
|·||general economic and market conditions.|
The stock markets have experienced extreme price and volume fluctuations that have affected and continue to affect the market prices of equity securities of many companies. These fluctuations often have been unrelated or disproportionate to the operating performance of those companies. These broad market and industry fluctuations, as well as general economic, political and market conditions such as recessions, interest rate changes or international currency fluctuations, may negatively impact the market price of shares of our common stock and could subject us to securities class action litigation.
If securities or industry analysts do not publish research or publish inaccurate or unfavorable research about our business, our share price and trading volume could decline.
The trading market for our common stock will depend on the research and reports that securities or industry analysts publish about us or our business. We do not have any control over these analysts. There can be no assurance that analysts will cover us or provide favorable coverage. If one or more of the analysts who cover us downgrade our stock or change their opinion of our stock, our share price would likely decline. If one or more of these analysts cease coverage of our company or fail to regularly publish reports on us, we could lose visibility in the financial markets, which could cause our share price or trading volume to decline.
Provisions in our corporate charter documents and under Delaware law could make an acquisition of our company, which may be beneficial to our stockholders, more difficult and may prevent attempts by our stockholders to replace or remove our current management.
Provisions in our certificate of incorporation and our bylaws may discourage, delay or prevent a merger, acquisition or other change in control of our company that stockholders may consider favorable, including transactions in which you might otherwise receive a premium for your shares. These provisions could also limit the price that investors might be willing to pay in the future for shares of our common stock, thereby depressing the market price of our common stock. In addition, because our board of directors is responsible for appointing the members of our management team, these provisions may frustrate or prevent any attempts by our stockholders to replace or remove our current management by making it more difficult for stockholders to replace members of our board of directors. Among other things, these provisions provide that:
|·||the authorized number of directors can be changed only by resolution of our board of directors;|
|·||our bylaws may be amended or repealed by our board of directors or our stockholders;|
|·||stockholders may not call special meetings of the stockholders or fill vacancies on the board of directors;|
|·||our board of directors is authorized to issue, without stockholder approval, preferred stock, the rights of which will be determined at the discretion of the board of directors and that, if issued, could operate as a “poison pill” to dilute the stock ownership of a potential hostile acquirer to prevent an acquisition that our board of directors does not approve;|
|·||our stockholders do not have cumulative voting rights, and therefore our stockholders holding a majority of the shares of common stock outstanding will be able to elect all of our directors; and|
|·||our stockholders must comply with advance notice provisions to bring business before or nominate directors for election at a stockholder meeting.|
Moreover, because we are incorporated in Delaware, we are governed by the provisions of Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law, or the DGCL, which prohibits a person who owns in excess of 15% of our outstanding voting stock from merging or combining with us for a period of three years after the date of the transaction in which the person acquired in excess of 15% of our outstanding voting stock, unless the merger or combination is approved in a prescribed manner.
Risks Related to Our Business
Our ProNeura development programs are at very early stages and will require substantial additional resources that may not be available to us.
To date, other than our work on Probuphine in OUD, and our work on nalmefene, we have conducted only limited research and development activities assessing our ProNeura delivery system’s applicability in other potential indications. While the nalmefene program is being funded in large part by NIDA, we expect that the proceeds of this offering will only be sufficient to complete the proof of concept work on JT-09 and we will require substantial additional funds to support further research and development activities, including the anticipated costs of nonclinical studies and clinical trials, regulatory approvals and eventual commercialization of any therapeutic based on our ProNeura platform technology. If we are unable to obtain substantial government grants or enter into third party collaborations to fund our ProNeura programs, we will need to seek additional sources of financing, which may not be available on favorable terms, if at all. If we do not succeed in obtaining the requisite funding for our ProNeura programs, we could be forced to discontinue product development. Furthermore, funding arrangements with collaborative partners or others may require us to relinquish rights to technologies, product candidates or products that we would otherwise seek to develop or commercialize ourselves or license rights to technologies, product candidates or products on terms that are less favorable to us than might otherwise be available.
Our ability to successfully develop any future product candidates based on our ProNeura drug delivery technology is subject to the risks of failure and delay inherent in the development of new pharmaceutical products, including: delays in product development, clinical testing, or manufacturing; unplanned expenditures in product development, clinical testing, or manufacturing; failure to receive regulatory approvals; emergence of superior or equivalent products; inability to manufacture on our own, or through any others, product candidates on a commercial scale; and failure to achieve market acceptance. Importantly, if the JT-09 initial proof of concept efforts are unsuccessful and we discontinue this program, our future prospects could be materially adversely impacted. Because of these risks, our research and development efforts may not result in any commercially viable products and our business, financial condition, and results of operations could be materially harmed.
Clinical trials required for new product candidates are expensive and time-consuming, and their outcome is uncertain.
Conducting clinical trials is a lengthy, time-consuming, and expensive process. The length of time may vary substantially according to the type, complexity, novelty, and intended use of the product candidate, and often can be several years or more per trial. Delays associated with products for which we are directly conducting clinical trials may cause us to incur additional operating expenses. The commencement and rate of completion of clinical trials may be delayed by many factors, including, for example:
|•||inability to manufacture sufficient quantities of qualified materials under cGMP for use in clinical trials;|
|•||slower than expected rates of patient recruitment;|
|•||failure to recruit a sufficient number of patients; modification of clinical trial protocols;|
|•||changes in regulatory requirements for clinical trials;|
|•||the lack of effectiveness during clinical trials;|
|•||the emergence of unforeseen safety issues;|
|•||delays, suspension, or termination of the clinical trials due to the institutional review board responsible for overseeing the study at a particular study site; and|
|•||government or regulatory delays or “clinical holds” requiring suspension or termination of the trials.|
The results from early clinical trials are not necessarily predictive of results obtained in later clinical trials. Accordingly, even if we obtain positive results from early clinical trials, we may not achieve the same success in future clinical trials. Clinical trials may not demonstrate statistically significant safety and effectiveness to obtain the requisite regulatory approvals for product candidates. The failure of clinical trials to demonstrate safety and effectiveness for the desired indications could cause us to abandon a product candidate and could delay development of other product candidates. Any delay in, or termination of, our clinical trials could materially harm our business, financial condition, and results of operations.
The winding down of our commercial operations may be more costly and time-consuming than we anticipate.
The cessation of our Probuphine related commercial activities requires us to comply with FDA and state regulatory requirements, including those related to notifications to various stakeholders and the continuation of adverse event reporting, as well as to address a number of business considerations, such as termination of third-party agreements and transfer of manufacturing equipment. The costs and timing associated with the wind down of our commercial operations may exceed our current estimates, requiring a reallocation of proceeds that may limit what we can accomplish in our product development programs unless additional financing is procured sooner than we currently anticipate.
We face risks associated with third parties conducting preclinical studies and clinical trials of our products.
We depend on third-party laboratories and medical institutions to conduct preclinical studies and clinical trials for our products and other third-party organizations to perform data collection and analysis, all of which must maintain both good laboratory and good clinical practices. We also depend upon third party manufacturers for the production of any products we may successfully develop to comply with cGMP of the FDA, which are similarly outside our direct control. If third party laboratories and medical institutions conducting studies of our products fail to maintain both good laboratory and clinical practices, the studies could be delayed or have to be repeated.
We face risks associated with product liability lawsuits that could be brought against us.
The testing, manufacturing, marketing and sale of human therapeutic products entail an inherent risk of product liability claims. We currently have a limited amount of product liability insurance, which may not be sufficient to cover claims that may be made against us in the event that the use or misuse of our product candidates causes, or merely appears to have caused, personal injury or death. In the event we are forced to expend significant funds on defending product liability actions, and in the event those funds come from operating capital, we will be required to reduce our business activities, which could lead to significant losses. Adequate insurance coverage may not be available in the future on acceptable terms, if at all. If available, we may not be able to maintain any such insurance at sufficient levels of coverage and any such insurance may not provide adequate protection against potential liabilities. Whether or not a product liability insurance policy is obtained or maintained in the future, any claims against us, regardless of their merit, could severely harm our financial condition, strain our management and other resources or destroy the prospects for commercialization of the product which is the subject of any such claim.
We may be unable to protect our patents and proprietary rights.
Our future success will depend to a significant extent on our ability to:
|•||obtain and keep patent protection for our products, methods and technologies on a domestic and international basis;|
|•||enforce our patents to prevent others from using our inventions;|
|•||maintain and prevent others from using our trade secrets; and|
|•||operate and commercialize products without infringing on the patents or proprietary rights of others.|
We cannot assure you that our patent rights will afford any competitive advantages, and these rights may be challenged or circumvented by third parties. Further, patents may not be issued on any of our pending patent applications in the U.S. or abroad. Because of the extensive time required for development, testing and regulatory review of a potential product, it is possible that before a potential product can be commercialized, any related patent may expire or remain in existence for only a short period following commercialization, reducing or eliminating any advantage of the patent. If we sue others for infringing our patents, a court may determine that such patents are invalid or unenforceable. Even if the validity of our patent rights is upheld by a court, a court may not prevent the alleged infringement of our patent rights on the grounds that such activity is not covered by our patent claims.
In addition, third parties may sue us for infringing their patents. In the event of a successful claim of infringement against us, we may be required to:
|•||pay substantial damages;|
|•||stop using our technologies and methods;|
|•||stop certain research and development efforts;|
|•||develop non-infringing products or methods; and|
|•||obtain one or more licenses from third parties.|
If required, we cannot assure you that we will be able to obtain such licenses on acceptable terms, or at all. If we are sued for infringement, we could encounter substantial delays in development, manufacture and commercialization of our product candidates. Any litigation, whether to enforce our patent rights or to defend against allegations that we infringe third party rights, will be costly, time consuming, and may distract management from other important tasks.
We also rely in our business on trade secrets, know-how and other proprietary information. We seek to protect this information, in part, through the use of confidentiality agreements with employees, consultants, advisors and others. Nonetheless, we cannot assure you that those agreements will provide adequate protection for our trade secrets, know-how or other proprietary information and prevent their unauthorized use or disclosure. To the extent that consultants, key employees or other third parties apply technological information independently developed by them or by others to our proposed products, disputes may arise as to the proprietary rights to such information, which may not be resolved in our favor.
We must comply with extensive government regulations.
The research, development, manufacture, labeling, storage, record-keeping, advertising, promotion, import, export, marketing and distribution of pharmaceutical products are subject to an extensive regulatory approval process by the FDA in the U.S. and comparable health authorities in foreign markets. The process of obtaining required regulatory approvals for drugs is lengthy, expensive and uncertain. Approval policies or regulations may change, and the FDA and foreign authorities have substantial discretion in the pharmaceutical approval process, including the ability to delay, limit or deny approval of a product candidate for many reasons. Despite the time and expense invested in clinical development of product candidates, regulatory approval is never guaranteed. Regulatory approval may entail limitations on the indicated usage of a drug, which may reduce the drug’s market potential. Even if regulatory clearance is obtained, post-market evaluation of the products, if required, could result in restrictions on a product’s marketing or withdrawal of the product from the market, as well as possible civil and criminal sanctions. Of the large number of drugs in development, only a small percentage successfully complete the regulatory approval process and are commercialized.
We face intense competition.
With respect to our product development programs, we face competition from numerous companies that currently market, or are developing, products for the treatment of the diseases and disorders we have targeted, many of which have significantly greater research and development capabilities, experience in obtaining regulatory approvals and manufacturing, marketing, financial and managerial resources than we have. We also compete with universities and other research institutions in the development of products, technologies and processes, as well as the recruitment of highly qualified personnel. Our competitors may succeed in developing technologies or products that are more effective than the ones we have under development or that render our proposed products or technologies noncompetitive or obsolete. In addition, our competitors may achieve product commercialization or patent protection earlier than we will.
We depend on a small number of employees and consultants.
We are highly dependent on the services of a limited number of personnel and the loss of one or more of such individuals could substantially impair our ongoing commercialization efforts. We compete in our hiring efforts with other pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies and it may be difficult and could take an extended period of time because of the limited number of individuals in our industry with the range of skills and experience required and because of our limited resources.
In addition, we retain scientific and clinical advisors and consultants to assist us in all aspects of our business. Competition to hire and retain consultants from a limited pool is intense. Further, because these advisors are not our employees, they may have commitments to, or consulting or advisory contracts with, other entities that may limit their availability to us, and typically they will not enter into non-compete agreements with us. If a conflict of interest arises between their work for us and their work for another entity, we may lose their services. In addition, our advisors may have arrangements with other companies to assist those companies in developing products or technologies that may compete with ours.
We face potential liability related to the privacy of health information we obtain from clinical trials sponsored by us or our collaborators, from research institutions and our collaborators, and directly from individuals.
Numerous federal and state laws, including state security breach notification laws, state health information privacy laws, and federal and state consumer protection laws, govern the collection, use, and disclosure of personal information. In addition, most health care providers, including research institutions from which we or our collaborators obtain patient health information, are subject to privacy and security regulations promulgated under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, or HIPAA, as amended by the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act. Although we are not directly subject to HIPAA, we could potentially be subject to criminal penalties if we, our affiliates, or our agents knowingly obtain or disclose individually identifiable health information maintained by a HIPAA-covered entity in a manner that is not authorized or permitted by HIPAA.
We face risks related to health epidemics, such as the current COVID-19 global pandemic, that could adversely affect our operations or financial results.
The spread of COVID-19, the novel coronavirus, including restrictions on travel, “shelter in place” orders, and quarantine policies put into place by businesses and state and local governments to mitigate its transmission, may have a material adverse effect on our business. While the duration of the pandemic and its potential economic impact are difficult to predict, it already has caused significant disruption in the healthcare industry and is likely to have continuing impacts as it continues. The travel restrictions, “shelter in place” orders, quarantine policies, and general concerns about the spread of COVID-19 was a significant factor in our decision to wind down our commercial operations because of the resulting disruptions in the delivery of healthcare to patients, our sales and marketing efforts and REMS training activities, as well as the operations of the various parts of our supply and distribution chain. The ultimate impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, or any other health epidemic, is highly uncertain and subject to change. We do not yet know the full extent of potential impacts on our business, healthcare systems or the global economy as a whole. As the pandemic continues, it may result in a sustained economic downturn that could affect our ability to access capital on reasonable terms, or at all.
Risks Related to Our Financial Condition and Need for Additional Capital
We have incurred net losses in almost every year since our inception and we may never achieve or sustain profitability.
We have incurred net losses in almost every year since our inception. Our financial statements have been prepared assuming that we will continue as a going concern. For the years ended December 31, 2019. and 2018, we had net losses of approximately $16.5 million and $9.3 million, respectively, and had net cash used in operating activities of approximately $15.4 million and $8.4 million, respectively. These net losses and negative cash flows have had, and will continue to have, an adverse effect on our stockholders’ equity and working capital. We expect to continue to incur net losses and negative operating cash flow for the foreseeable future as we wind down our commercial activities and focus on development of ProNeura based products. The amount of future net losses will depend, in part, on the rate of future growth of our expenses and our ability to obtain government or third party funding for our development programs. There can be no assurance that we will ever achieve profitability.
We will require additional proceeds to fund our product development programs.
We currently estimate that our available cash and cash equivalents, together with the proceeds of this offering, will be sufficient to fund our working capital needs and product development efforts into the first quarter of 2022. We will require additional funds to advance JT-09 beyond the proof of concept stage, if successful, for which we expect to have the results of the initial studies during the second quarter of 2021, and to fund any of our ProNeura development programs into the clinic and to complete the regulatory approval process necessary to commercialize any products we might develop. While we are currently evaluating the alternatives available to us, including government grants and third-party collaborations for one or more of our ProNeura programs, our efforts to address our liquidity requirements may not be successful. There can be no assurance that any source of capital will be available to us on acceptable terms.
Our net operating losses and research and development tax credits may not be available to reduce future federal and state income tax payments.
At December 31, 2019, we had federal net operating loss and tax credit carryforwards of approximately $268.3 million and approximately $8.5 million, respectively, and state net operating loss and tax credit carryforwards of approximately $108.2 million and approximately $9.1 million, respectively, available to offset future taxable income, if any. Current federal and state tax laws include substantial restrictions on the utilization of net operating loss and tax credits in the event of an ownership change and we cannot assure you that our net operating loss and tax carryforwards will continue to be available.
We received a loan under the Paycheck Protection Program of the CARES Act, and all or a portion of the loan may not be forgivable.
On April 20, 2020, we received an approximately $0.7 million PPP Loan pursuant to the Paycheck Protection Program of the CARES Act. The PPP Loan matures in April 2022 with an annual interest rate of 1.0%. The PPP Loan has a sixteen month deferral of payments period and may be prepaid at any time without penalty. The proceeds of the PPP Loan are to be used to retain workers and maintain payroll and make mortgage interest, lease and utility payments. Under the CARES Act, we will be eligible to apply for forgiveness of all loan proceeds used to pay payroll costs, rent, utilities and other qualifying expenses during the 24-week period following receipt of the loan, provided that we maintain our number of employees and compensation within certain parameters during such period. Not more than 40% of the forgiven amount may be for non-payroll costs. If the conditions outlined in the PPP loan program are adhered to by us, all or part of such loan could be forgiven. However, we cannot provide any assurance that we will be eligible for loan forgiveness or that any amount of the PPP loan will ultimately be forgiven by the SBA. Any forgiven amounts will not be included in our taxable income.
CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This prospectus contains “forward-looking statements” that involve substantial risks and uncertainties. All statements other than statements of historical facts contained in this prospectus, including statements regarding our future results of operations and financial position, strategy and plans, and our expectations for future operations, are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act. We have attempted to identify forward-looking statements by terminology including “anticipates,” “believes,” “can,” “continue,” “could,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “may,” “plans,” “potential,” “predicts,” “should,” or “will” or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology. Although we do not make forward looking statements unless we believe we have a reasonable basis for doing so, we cannot guarantee their accuracy. Forward-looking statements included or incorporated by reference in this prospectus or our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC, include, but are not necessarily limited to, those relating to uncertainties relating to:
|·||the ability to raise capital when needed;|
|·||the wind-down of Probuphine commercialization activities;|
|·||financing and strategic agreements and relationships;|
|·||difficulties or delays in the regulatory approval process;|
|·||uncertainties relating to manufacturing, sales, marketing and distribution of our drug candidates that may be successfully developed and approved for commercialization;|
|·||adverse side effects or inadequate therapeutic efficacy of our drug candidates that could slow or prevent product development or commercialization;|
|·||dependence on third party suppliers;|
|·||the uncertainty of protection for our patents and other intellectual property or trade secrets; and|
These statements are only predictions and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, including the risks outlined under “Risk Factors” or elsewhere in this prospectus, which may cause our or our industry’s actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements.
Forward-looking statements should not be read as a guarantee of future performance or results, and will not necessarily be accurate indications of the times at, or by which, that performance or those results will be achieved. Forward-looking statements are based on information available at the time they are made and/or management’s good faith belief as of that time with respect to future events, and are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual performance or results to differ materially from what is expressed in or suggested by the forward-looking statements.
Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made. You should not put undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. We assume no obligation to update forward-looking statements to reflect actual results, changes in assumptions or changes in other factors affecting forward-looking information, except to the extent required by applicable securities laws. If we do update one or more forward-looking statements, no inference should be drawn that we will make additional updates with respect to those or other forward-looking statements. We caution you not to give undue weight to such projections, assumptions and estimates.
USE OF PROCEEDS
We will not receive any of the proceeds from the sale of shares of common stock by the Selling Stockholders. However, to the extent that the Placement Warrants are exercised for cash, we will receive proceeds from any such exercise up to an aggregate of $9,673,750. We intend to use any cash proceeds received from the exercise of the Placement Warrants for working capital and other general corporate purposes.
We have never declared or paid cash dividends on our common stock. We currently intend to retain all available funds and any future earnings for use in the operation of our business and do not anticipate paying any cash dividends in the foreseeable future. Any future determination to declare cash dividends will be made at the discretion of our board of directors and will depend on our financial condition, results of operations, capital requirements, general business conditions and other factors that our board of directors may deem relevant.
Summary Compensation Table
The following table shows information concerning the annual compensation for services provided to us by our named executive officers for the last two fiscal years:
Name and Principal
|Marc Rubin, M.D.(2)||2020||$||250,521||$||—||$||—||$||—||$||—||$||250,521|
|Sunil Bhonsle (2)(3)||2020||$||239,063||$||—||$||—||$||—||$||65,385||(4)||$||304,448|
|Chief Executive Officer, President||2019||$||417,115||$||—||$||266,629||$||—||$||—||$||683,744|
|and Principal Financial Officer|
|Katherine Beebe DeVarney, Ph.D. (3)||2020||$||365,000||$||—||$||—||$||—||$||—||$||365,000|
|Executive Vice President||2019||$||365,000||$||—||$||18,017||$||—||$||—||$||383,017|
|and Chief Scientific Officer|
|Dane Hallberg (5)||2020||$||124,856||$||—||$||—||$||—||$||175,000||(6)||$||299,856|
|Executive Vice President||2019||$||350,000||$||—||$||72,748||$||—||$||—||$||422,748|
|and Chief Commercial Officer|
|(1)||Amounts shown represent the grant date fair value computed in accordance with FASB ASC 718. The assumptions used by us with respect to the valuation of option grants and stock awards are set forth in Note 9 of the Notes to Financial Statements in the 2019 Form 10-K.|
|(2)||Beginning in January 2020, our Chief Executive Officer and our Executive Chairman agreed to a 50% reduction in their base salaries through June 30, 2020.|
|(3)||In October 2020, Mr. Bhonsle retired as an executive and Dr. Beebe DeVarney assumed the roles of President and Chief Operating Officer.|
|(4)||Amounts shown represent the payment of accrued vacation at time of retirement.|
|(5)||Mr. Hallberg’s employment terminated in April 2020.|
|(6)||Amounts shown represent severance payments.|
Outstanding Equity Awards At Fiscal Year-End
The following table summarizes the number of securities underlying outstanding plan awards for each named executive officer as of December 31, 2020.
Unexercised Awards (#)
|Marc Rubin, M.D.||152||—||1,386.00||4/15/2021|
|Katherine Beebe DeVarney, Ph.D.||102||—||46.58||5/11/2021|
There were no options granted to or exercised by our named executive officers during 2020.
We do not sponsor any qualified or non-qualified defined benefit plans.
Nonqualified Deferred Compensation
We do not maintain any non-qualified defined contribution or deferred compensation plans. The Compensation Committee, which is comprised solely of “outside directors” as defined for purposes of Section 162(m) of the Code, may elect to provide our officers and other employees with non-qualified defined contribution or deferred compensation benefits if the Compensation Committee determines that doing so is in our best interests. We sponsor a tax qualified defined contribution 401(k) plan in which Dr. Rubin and Mr. Bhonsle participated.
In April 2019, we entered into employment agreements with Dr. Rubin and Mr. Bhonsle providing for base annual salaries of $325,000 and 425,000, respectively. The employment agreements contain the following terms:
|·||Bonuses. The executive may, at the sole discretion of the board of directors or the compensation committee, be considered for an annual bonus of up to 50% of his then base salary, payable in cash or awards under our equity incentive plan.|
|·||Term; Termination. The Employment Agreements have a 24 month term expiring on April 1, 2021 but may be terminated by us for any reason at any time. In the event of termination by us without cause or by the executive for good reason not in connection with a change of control, as those terms are defined in such agreements, the executive is entitled to (i) severance for the greater of 12 months or the balance of the term, (ii) a pro rata portion of any annual bonus, (iii) 12 months of COBRA payments, and (iv) the immediate accelerated vesting of any unvested restricted shares and stock options. In the event such a termination is within 30 days prior to or six months following a change of control, the executive is entitled to an additional six months of COBRA payments.|
|·||Restrictive Covenants. The Employment Agreements contain one-year post-termination noncompetition and non-solicitation provisions.|
|·||Clawback. The Employment Agreements contain a two-year post-termination clawback of benefits provision in the event of a restatement of financial results upon which such benefits were based.|
In November 2018, we entered into an employment agreement with Dr. Beebe DeVarney providing for a base annual salary of $365,000. The employment agreement contains the following terms:
|·||Bonuses. The executive may, at the sole discretion of the board of directors or the compensation committee, be considered for an annual bonus of up to 50% of her then base salary, payable in cash or awards under our equity incentive plan.|
|·||Term; Termination. The Employment Agreement may be terminated by us for any reason at any time. In the event of termination by us without cause or by the executive for good reason or in connection with a change of control, as those terms are defined in such agreements, the executive is entitled to (i) severance for 12 months following the termination date, (ii) a pro rata portion of any annual bonus, (iii) 12 months of COBRA payments, and (iv) the immediate accelerated vesting of any unvested restricted shares and stock options.|
|·||Restrictive Covenants. The Employment Agreement contains six-month post-termination noncompetition and non-solicitation provisions.|
Summary of Director Compensation
The following table summarizes compensation that our non-employee directors earned during 2020 for services as members of our Board.
|Joseph A. Akers (2)||$||56,875||$||—||$||—||$||—||$||—||$||—||$||56,875|
|M. David MacFarlane, Ph.D. (3)||56,875||—||—||—||—||—||56,875|
|James R. McNab, Jr. (4)||44,375||—||—||—||—||—||44,375|
|Scott A. Smith (5)||51,875||—||—||—||—||—||51,875|
|(1)||Amounts shown represent the grant date fair value computed in accordance with FASB ASC 718. The assumptions used by us with respect to the valuation of option grants and stock awards are set forth in Note 9 of the Notes to Financial Statements in the 2019 Form 10-K.|
|(2)||The aggregate number of option awards held at December 31, 2020 was 207.|
|(3)||The aggregate number of option awards held at December 31, 2020 was 303.|
|(4)||The aggregate number of option awards held at December 31, 2020 was 207.|
|(5)||The aggregate number of option awards held at December 31, 2020 was 84. Scott A. Smith did not stand for re-election to the Board at our January 2021 Annual Stockholder Meeting.|
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions.
There were no related party transactions required to be reported during the last two fiscal years
Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation
During the last fiscal year, our compensation committee was comprised of Joseph A. Akers, M, David MacFarlane and Scott A. Smith, each of whom met the independence requirements and standards of Nasdaq, and there were no compensation committee interlocks.
|Principal Accounting Fees and Services.|
Aggregate fees billed by OUM & Co. LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, during the last two fiscal years were as follows:
On January 15, 2021, we entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement with the Selling Stockholders pursuant to which we issued Placement Warrants to purchase an aggregate of 2,725,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $3.55 per share. The Placement Warrants are exercisable until July 20, 2026.
We agreed to register the shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of the Placement Warrants to permit the Selling Stockholders and their respective pledgees, donees, transferees and other successors-in-interest that receive their shares from the Selling Stockholders as a gift, partnership distribution or other non-sale related transfer after the date of this prospectus to resell the shares when and as they deem appropriate in the manner described in the “Plan of Distribution.”
The information set forth in the following table regarding the beneficial ownership after resale of shares of common stock is based upon information provided by the Selling Stockholders and the assumption that the Selling Stockholders will exercise the Placement Warrants in full and sell all of the underlying shares of common stock covered by this prospectus.
|Name of Selling Stockholder||Shares of
owned prior to
stock to be
|Anson Affiliated Entities (1)||681,250 (2)||681,250||681,250||6.46||%|
|Empery Affiliated Entities (3)||820,569 (4)||681,250||139,319||1.30||%|
|L1 Capital Global Opportunities Master Fund (5)||897,216 (6)||681,250||216,666||2.01||%|
|Sabby Volatility Warrant Master Fund Ltd.(7)||675,439 (8)||681,250||675,439||6.41||%|
|(1)||Anson Advisors Inc. and Anson Funds Management LP, as the co-investment advisers of Anson Investments Master Fund LP (“Anson Master”) and Anson East Master Fund LP (“Anson East”) hold voting and dispositive power over the shares held by Anson Master and Anson East. Bruce Winson is the managing member of Anson Management GP LLC, which is the general partner of Anson Funds Management LP. Moez Kassam and Amin Nathoo are directors of Anson Advisors Inc. Mr. Winson, Mr. Kassam and Mr. Nathoo each disclaim beneficial ownership of these shares except to the extent of their pecuniary interest therein. The principal business address of the Anson entities is 27 Hospital Road; George Town, Grand Cayman KY1-9008, Cayman Islands.|
|(2)||Consists of 510,938 shares held by Anson Master and 170,312 shares held by Anson East. The number of shares beneficially owned by the Anson entities is limited by beneficial ownership limitations applicable to the warrants held by the Anson entities, which limit the number of shares the Anson entities can beneficially own. As a result of such limitations, the number of shares beneficially owned does not include up to an aggregate of (i) 963,850 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of warrants beneficially owned by Anson Master, including the 510,938 warrant shares registered hereby or (ii) 289,061shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of warrants beneficially owned by Anson East, including the 170,312 warrant shares registered hereby.|
|(3)||Empery Asset Management LP (“Empery Management”), the authorized agent of each of Empery Asset Master, Ltd (“Empery Master”), Empery Tax Efficient, LP (“Empery Tax”) and Empery Tax Efficient III, LP (“Empery Tax III”), has discretionary authority to vote and dispose of the shares held by Empery Master, Empery Tax and Empery Tax III and may be deemed to be the beneficial owner of these shares. Martin Hoe and Ryan Lane, in their capacity as investment managers of Empery Management, have investment discretion and voting power over the shares held by Empery Master, Empery Tax and Empery Tax III. Empery Asset Management LP and may be deemed to be the beneficial owners of these shares. Mr. Hoe and Mr. Lane each disclaim any beneficial ownership of these shares. The address of Empery is 1 Rockefeller Plaza, Suite 1205, New York, NY 10020.|
|(4)||Represents (i) 453,264 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of warrants beneficially owned by Empery Master, including the 361,925 warrant shares registered hereby, (ii) 152,678 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of warrants beneficially owned by Empery Tax, including the 104,698 warrant shares registered hereby and (iii) 214,627 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of warrants beneficially owned by Empery Tax III registered hereby.|
|(5)||David Feldman and Joel Arber, as the directors of L1 Capital Global Opportunities Master Fund Ltd. (“L1”), have voting and dispositive power over the shares held by L1. However, to the extent Mr. Feldman and Mr. Arber are deemed to beneficially own such shares, Mr. Feldman and Mr. Arber disclaim beneficial ownership of these securities for all other purposes. The address of L1 is 161A Shedden Road, 1 Artillery Court, PO Box 10085, Grand Cayman, Cayman Islands KY1-1001.|
|(6)||Represents shares issuable upon the exercise of warrants beneficially owned by L1, including the warrant shares registered hereby. The number of shares beneficially owned does not reflect the beneficial ownership limitations contained in the warrants held by L1.|
|(7)||Sabby Management, LLC, the investment manager of Sabby Volatility Warrant Master Fund, Ltd. (“Sabby”), and Hal Mintz, manager of Sabby Management, LLC, share voting and investment power with respect to these securities. Each of Sabby Management, LLC and Hal Mintz disclaims beneficial ownership over the securities listed except to the extent of their pecuniary interest therein. The address of Sabby is 10 Mountainview Road, Suite 205, U Saddle River, NJ 07458.|
|(8)||The number of shares beneficially owned by Sabby is limited by beneficial ownership limitations applicable to the warrants held by Sabby, which limit the number of shares Sabby can beneficially own. As a result of such limitations, the number of shares beneficially owned does not include up to an aggregate of 908,802 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of warrants beneficially owned by Sabby, including the warrant shares registered hereby.|
PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION
The Selling Stockholders will act independently of our company in making their decisions with respect to the timing, manner and size of any sales. The Selling Stockholders and any of their respective pledgees, donees, transferees or other successors-in-interest may, from time to time, sell any or all of the shares of common stock beneficially owned by them and offered hereby directly or through one or more broker-dealers or agents. The Selling Stockholders will be responsible for commissions charged by such broker-dealers or agents. Such shares of common stock may be sold in one or more transactions at fixed prices, at prevailing market prices at the time of the sale, at varying prices determined at the time of sale, or at negotiated prices.
Each Selling Stockholder may use any one or more of the following methods when selling shares:
• through underwriters, brokers or dealers (who may act as agent or principal and who may receive compensation in the form of discounts, concessions or commissions from the Selling Stockholder, the purchaser or such other persons who may be effecting such sales) for resale to the public or to institutional investors at various times;
• through negotiated transactions, including, but not limited to, block trades in which the broker or dealer so engaged will attempt to sell the shares as agent but may position and resell a portion of the block as principal to facilitate the transaction;
• through purchases by a broker or dealer as principal and resale by that broker or dealer for its account;
• on any national securities exchange or quotation service on which the shares may be listed or quoted at the time of sale at market prices prevailing at the time of sale, at prices related to such prevailing market prices, or at negotiated prices;
• in private transactions other than exchange or quotation service transactions;
• short sales, purchases or sales of put, call or other types of options, forward delivery contracts, swaps, offerings of structured equity-linked securities or other derivative transactions or securities;
• transactions with a broker-dealer or its affiliate, whereby the broker-dealer or its affiliate will engage in short sales of shares and may use shares to close out its short position;
• options or other types of transactions that require the delivery of shares to a broker-dealer or an affiliate thereof, who will then resell or transfer the shares;
• loans or pledges of shares to a broker-dealer or an affiliate, who may sell the loaned shares or, in an event of default in the case of a pledge, sell the pledged shares;
• through offerings of securities exercisable, convertible or exchangeable for shares, including, without limitation, securities issued by trusts, investment companies or other entities;
• offerings directly to one or more purchasers, including institutional investors;
• through ordinary brokerage transactions and transactions in which a broker solicits purchasers;
• through distribution to the security holders of the Selling Stockholder;
• through a combination of any such methods of sale; or
• through any other method permitted under applicable law.
Additionally, the Selling Stockholders may resell all or a portion of its shares in open market transactions in reliance upon Rule 144 under the Securities Act, provided that it meets the criteria and conforms to the requirements of Rule 144.
The Selling Stockholders may be deemed to be statutory underwriters under the Securities Act. In addition, any other broker-dealers who act in connection with the sale of the shares hereunder may be deemed to be “underwriters” within the meaning of Section 2(11) of the Securities Act, and any commissions received by them and profit on any resale of the shares as principal may be deemed to be underwriting discounts and commissions under the Securities Act. Any other broker-dealers engaged by the Selling Stockholders may arrange for other brokers-dealers to participate in sales. Such broker-dealers and any other participating broker-dealers may, in connection with such sales, be deemed to be underwriters within the meaning of the Securities Act. If the Selling Stockholders effect such transactions through underwriters, broker-dealers or agents, such underwriters, broker-dealers or agents may receive commissions in the form of discounts, concessions or commissions from such Selling Stockholders or commissions from purchasers of the shares of common stock for whom they may act as agent or to whom they may sell as principal, or both (which discounts, concessions or commissions as to particular underwriters, broker-dealers or agents may be less than or in excess of those customary in the types of transactions involved). Any discounts or commissions received by any such broker-dealers may be deemed to be underwriting discounts and commissions under the Securities Act.
There can be no assurance that the Selling Stockholders will sell any or all of the shares of common stock registered pursuant to the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part.
We are not aware of any plans, arrangements or understandings between the Selling Stockholders and any other underwriter, broker-dealer or agent regarding the sale of shares of common stock by the Selling Stockholders.
We will pay all expenses incident to the filing of this registration statement. These expenses include accounting and legal fees in connection with the preparation of the registration statement of which this prospectus form a part, legal and other fees in connection with the qualification of the sale of the shares under the laws of certain states (if any), registration and filing fees and other expenses.
The validity of the shares of common stock offered hereby will be passed upon for us by Loeb & Loeb LLP, New York, New York.
The financial statements as of and for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 incorporated by reference in this prospectus constituting a part of the registration statement on Form S-1 have been so incorporated in reliance on the report of OUM & Co. LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, incorporated herein by reference, given on the authority of said firm as experts in auditing and accounting.
WHERE YOU CAN FIND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
We have filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission a registration statement on Form S-1 under the Securities Act with respect to the securities offered by this prospectus. This prospectus, which is part of the registration statement, omits certain information, exhibits, schedules and undertakings set forth in the registration statement. For further information pertaining to us and the securities offered hereby, reference is made to the registration statement and the exhibits and schedules to the registration statement. Statements contained in this prospectus as to the contents or provisions of any documents referred to in this prospectus are not necessarily complete, and in each instance where a copy of the document has been filed as an exhibit to the registration statement, reference is made to the exhibit for a more complete description of the matters involved.
You may read and copy all or any portion of the registration statement without charge at the public reference room of the Securities and Exchange Commission at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. Copies of the registration statement may be obtained from the Securities and Exchange Commission at prescribed rates from the public reference room of the Securities and Exchange Commission at such address. You may obtain information regarding the operation of the public reference room by calling 1-800-SEC-0330. In addition, registration statements and certain other filings made with the Securities and Exchange Commission electronically are publicly available through the Securities and Exchange Commission’s website at www.sec.gov. The registration statement, including all exhibits and amendments to the registration statement, has been filed electronically with the Securities and Exchange Commission. You may also read all or any portion of the registration statement and certain other filings made with the Securities and Exchange Commission on our website at www.heatbio.com. The information contained in, and that can be accessed through, our website is not incorporated into and is not part of this prospectus.
We are subject to the information and periodic reporting requirements of the Exchange Act and, accordingly, are required to file annual reports containing financial statements audited by an independent public accounting firm, quarterly reports containing unaudited financial data, current reports, proxy statements and other information with the Securities and Exchange Commission. You will be able to inspect and copy such periodic reports, proxy statements and other information at the Securities and Exchange Commission’s public reference room, the website of the Securities and Exchange Commission referred to above, and our website at www.titanpharm.com. Except for the specific incorporated reports and documents listed above, no information available on or through our website shall be deemed to be incorporated in this prospectus or the registration statement of which it forms a part.
INCORPORATION OF CERTAIN DOCUMENTS BY REFERENCE
The SEC allows us to “incorporate by reference” into this prospectus the information we file with it, which means that we can disclose important information to you by referring you to those documents. The information we incorporate by reference is an important part of this prospectus, and later information that we file with the SEC will automatically update and supersede some of this information. We incorporate by reference the documents listed below and any future filings we make with the SEC under Section 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, including filings made after the date of the initial registration statement, until we sell all of the shares covered by this prospectus or the sale of shares by us pursuant to this prospectus is terminated. In no event, however, will any of the information that we furnish to, pursuant to Item 2.02 or Item 7.01 of any Current Report on Form 8-K (including exhibits related thereto) or other applicable SEC rules, rather than file with, the SEC be incorporated by reference or otherwise be included herein, unless such information is expressly incorporated herein by a reference in such furnished Current Report on Form 8-K or other furnished document. The documents we incorporate by reference are:
|·||our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, filed with the SEC on March 30, 2020;|
|·||our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended March 31, 2020, filed with the SEC on May 15, 2020;|
|·||our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended June 30, 2020, filed with the SEC on August 14, 2020;|
|·||our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended September 30, 2020, filed with the SEC on November 14, 2020;|
|·||our Current Reports on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on April 24, 2020, June 25, 2020, June 29, 2020, July 16, 2020, August 5, 2020, August 12, 2020, August 13, 2020, August 20, 2020, September 1, 2020, September 14, 2020, September 18, 2020, September 24, 2020, October 15, 2020, October 26, 2020, October 28, 2020, November 2, 2020, December 1, 2020, December 3, 2020, December 17, 2020, December 31, 2020, January 8, 2021, January 19, 2021 and February 4, 2021|
|·||our Definitive Proxy Statement filed with the SEC on May 22, 2020;|
|·||our additional Definitive Proxy Materials filed with the SEC on June 19, 2020 and July 8, 2020;|
|·||our Definitive Proxy Statement filed with the SEC on November 2, 2020;|
|·||our additional Definitive Proxy Materials filed with the SEC on November 9, 2020;|
|·||our Definitive Proxy Statement filed with the SEC on November 25, 2020;|
|·||our additional Definitive Proxy Materials filed with the SEC on December 2, 2020; and|
|·||the description of our common stock contained in Exhibit 4.13 to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, filed with the SEC on March 30, 2020, including any amendment or reports filed for the purpose of updating such descriptions.|
Any statement contained in a document incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference into this prospectus will be deemed to be modified or superseded for purposes of this prospectus to the extent that a statement contained in this prospectus or any other subsequently filed document that is deemed to be incorporated by reference into this prospectus modifies or supersedes the statement. Any statement so modified or superseded will not be deemed, except as so modified or superseded, to constitute a part of this prospectus.
We will provide each person to whom a prospectus is delivered a copy of all of the information that has been incorporated by reference in this prospectus but not delivered with the prospectus. You may obtain copies of these filings, at no cost, through the “Investor Relations” section of our website (www.titanpharm.com) and you may request a copy of these filings (other than an exhibit to any filing unless we have specifically incorporated that exhibit by reference into the filing), at no cost, by writing or telephoning us at the following address:
400 Oyster Point Boulevard, Suite 505
South San Francisco, CA 94080
Information on, or that can be accessed through, our website is not incorporated into this prospectus or other securities filings and is not a part of these filings.