+As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on October 19, 2020
Registration No. 333-_______
|UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION|
|Washington, D.C. 20549|
|UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933|
|Titan Pharmaceuticals, Inc.|
|(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)|
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(Primary Standard Industrial
Classification Code Number)
|400 Oyster Point Blvd., Suite 505|
South San Francisco, California 94080
|(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of Registrant’s principal executive offices)|
|Sunil Bhonsle, Chief Executive Officer |
Titan Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
400 Oyster Point Blvd., Suite 505
South San Francisco, California 94080
|(Name, address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of agent for service)|
Loeb & Loeb LLP
345 Park Avenue
New York, New York 10154
Telephone: (212) 407-4000
Barry L. Grossman
Sarah E. Williams
Ellenoff Grossman & Schole LLP
1345 Avenue of the Americas
New York, NY 10105
Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public: As soon as practicable after the effective date of this registration statement.
If any of the securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, check the following box. x
If this Form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act of 1933, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.¨
If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act of 1933, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.¨
If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(d) under the Securities Act of 1933, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.¨
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act of 1934.
|Large accelerated filer||¨||Accelerated filer||¨|
|Non-accelerated filer||x||Smaller reporting company||x|
|Emerging growth company||¨|
|If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act. ¨|
CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE
|Title of Each Class of Securities to be Registered||Proposed|
|Units consisting of:||$||11,442,750||$||1,248.40|
|(i) Shares of common stock, $0.001 par value per share|
|(ii) warrants to purchase shares of common stock(2)|
|(1)||Estimated solely for the purpose of calculating the amount of the registration fee in accordance with Rule 457(o) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act. Pursuant to Rule 416, the securities being registered hereunder include such indeterminate number of additional securities as may be issuable to prevent dilution resulting from stock splits, stock dividends or similar transactions.|
|(2)||No fee is required pursuant to Rule 457(g) under the Securities Act.|
The Registrant hereby amends this Registration Statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the Registrant shall file a further amendment which specifically states that this Registration Statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities Act or until the Registration Statement shall become effective on such date as the Securities and Exchange Commission, acting pursuant to Section 8(a), may determine.
The information in this preliminary prospectus is not complete and may be changed. These securities may not be sold until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This preliminary prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities, nor does it seek an offer to buy these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted.
PRELIMINARY PROSPECTUS, SUBJECT TO COMPLETION, DATED OCTOBER 19, 2020
[ ] Units consisting of shares of common stock and warrants
We are offering ________ units, with each unit consisting of one share of our common stock, par value $0.001 per share, and one warrant to purchase one share of our common stock. Each share of our common stock is being sold together with a warrant to purchase one share of our common stock. The warrants will have an exercise price per share of $__ (___% of the offering price), will be exercisable commencing on the later of (i) six months from the closing date and (ii) the effective date of an increase in our authorized shares of common stock or a reverse split in an amount sufficient to permit the exercise in full of the warrants and will expire on the fifth anniversary of the initial exercise date. The units will not be certificated and the shares of common stock and warrants comprising the units are immediately separable and will be issued separately in this offering.
Our common stock is listed on The Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “TTNP”. On October ++, 2020, the last reported sale price of our common stock on The Nasdaq Capital Market was $___ per share. We do not intend to apply for the listing of the warrants on any national securities exchange or other trading market. See “Risk Related to Our Common Stock-Our failure to meet the continued listing requirements of Nasdaq could result in a de-listing of our common stock” for important information about the listing of our common stock.
The price of our common stock on The Nasdaq Capital Market during recent periods will only be one of many factors in determining the public offering price. Other factors to be considered in determining the public offering price include our history, our prospects, the industry in which we operate, our past and present operating results, the previous experience of our executive officers, the general condition of the securities markets at the time of this offering and discussions between the underwriters and prospective investors. The recent market price used throughout this prospectus may not be indicative of the final offering price. All unit, share, and warrant numbers included in this prospectus are based upon an assumed public offering price of $0.1425, the closing price of our common stock on October 16, 2020.
An investment in our securities involves a high degree of risk. See “Risk Factors” beginning on page __ of this prospectus for a discussion of information that should be considered before making any investment in our securities.
|Underwriting discounts and commissions(2)||$||$|
|Proceeds to us, before expenses||$||$|
|(1)||The public offering price and underwriting discount in respect of the Units corresponds to (i) a public offering price per share of common stock of $[_] ($[_] net of the underwriting discount) and (ii) a public offering price per warrant of $[_] ($[_] net of the underwriting discount).|
|(2)||The underwriters will receive compensation in addition to the underwriting discount and commissions. See “Underwriting” beginning on page __ of this prospectus for a description of compensation payable to the underwriters.|
Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or determined if this prospectus is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.
The underwriters have the option to purchase up to (i) [ ] additional shares of common stock, and/or (ii) additional warrants to purchase up to [ ] additional shares of common stock solely to cover over-allotments, if any, at the public offering price per share of common stock and the public offering price per warrant set forth above less the underwriting discounts and commissions. The over-allotment option may be used to purchase shares of common stock and/or warrants, or any combination thereof, as determined by the underwriters, but such purchases cannot exceed an aggregate of 10% of the number of shares of common stock and 10% of the warrants sold in the primary offering. The over-allotment option is exercisable for 45 days from the date of this prospectus.
We anticipate that delivery of the shares and warrants comprising the units will be made on or about ______ , 2020.
MAXIM GROUP LLC
The date of this prospectus is ___________, 2020
TABLE OF CONTENTS
|CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS||11|
|USE OF PROCEEDS||12|
|DESCRIPTION OF THE SECURITIES WE ARE OFFERING||14|
|WHERE YOU CAN FIND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION||18|
|INCORPORATION OF CERTAIN DOCUMENTS BY REFERENCE||19|
We have not, and the underwriters have not, authorized anyone to provide you with information that is different from that contained in this prospectus we may authorize to be delivered or made available to you. When you make a decision about whether to invest in our securities, you should not rely upon any information other than the information in this prospectus or in any free writing prospectus that we may authorize to be delivered or made available to you. Neither the delivery of this prospectus nor the sale of our securities means that the information contained in this prospectus or any free writing prospectus is correct after the date of this prospectus or such free writing prospectus. This prospectus is not an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy our securities in any circumstances under which the offer or solicitation is unlawful.
For investors outside the United States: We have not, and the underwriters have not, taken any action that would permit this offering or possession or distribution of this prospectus in any jurisdiction where action for that purpose is required, other than in the United States. Persons outside the United States who come into possession of this prospectus must inform themselves about, and observe any restrictions relating to, the offering of the securities covered hereby and the distribution of this prospectus outside the United States.
Unless otherwise indicated, information contained in this prospectus concerning our industry and the markets in which we operate, including our general expectations and market position, market opportunity and market share, is based on information from our own management estimates and research, as well as from industry and general publications and research, surveys and studies conducted by third parties. Management estimates are derived from publicly available information, our knowledge of our industry and assumptions based on such information and knowledge, which we believe to be reasonable. Our management estimates have not been verified by any independent source, and we have not independently verified any third-party information. In addition, assumptions and estimates of our and our industry’s future performance are necessarily subject to a high degree of uncertainty and risk due to a variety of factors, including those described in “Risk Factors.” These and other factors could cause our future performance to differ materially from our assumptions and estimates. See “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.”
We further note that the representations, warranties and covenants made by us in any agreement that is filed as an exhibit to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part were made solely for the benefit of the parties to such agreement, including, in some cases, for the purpose of allocating risk among the parties thereto, and should not be deemed to be a representation, warranty or covenant to you. Moreover, such representations, warranties or covenants were accurate only as of the date when made. Accordingly, such representations, warranties and covenants should not be relied on as accurately representing the current state of our affairs.
ProNeura™ is a trademark and Probuphine® is a registered trademark of Titan Pharmaceuticals, Inc. This prospectus also includes trademarks, tradenames and service marks that are the property of other organizations. Solely for convenience, trademarks and tradenames referred to in this prospectus appear (after the first usage) without the ® and ™ symbols, but those references are not intended to indicate, in any way, that we will not assert, to the fullest extent under applicable law, our rights or that the applicable owner will not assert its rights, to these trademarks and tradenames.
Any investment in our securities involves a high degree of risk. Investors should carefully consider the risks described below and all of the information contained or incorporated by reference in this prospectus before deciding whether to purchase our common stock. Our business, financial condition or results of operations could be materially adversely affected by these risks if any of them actually occur. This prospectus also contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of certain factors, including the risks we face as described below and elsewhere in this prospectus.
Risks Related to Our Business
Our ProNeura development programs are at very early stages and will require substantial additional resources that may not be available to us.
To date, other than our work on Probuphine in OUD, and our work on nalmefene, we have conducted only limited research and development activities assessing our ProNeura delivery system’s applicability in other potential indications. While the nalmefene program is being funded in large part by NIDA, we expect that the proceeds of this offering will only be sufficient to complete the proof of concept work on JT-09 and we will require substantial additional funds to support further research and development activities, including the anticipated costs of nonclinical studies and clinical trials, regulatory approvals and eventual commercialization of any therapeutic based on our ProNeura platform technology. If we are unable to obtain substantial government grants or enter into third party collaborations to fund our ProNeura programs, we will need to seek additional sources of financing, which may not be available on favorable terms, if at all. If we do not succeed in obtaining the requisite funding for our ProNeura programs, we could be forced to discontinue product development. Furthermore, funding arrangements with collaborative partners or others may require us to relinquish rights to technologies, product candidates or products that we would otherwise seek to develop or commercialize ourselves or license rights to technologies, product candidates or products on terms that are less favorable to us than might otherwise be available.
Our ability to successfully develop any future product candidates based on our ProNeura drug delivery technology is subject to the risks of failure and delay inherent in the development of new pharmaceutical products, including: delays in product development, clinical testing, or manufacturing; unplanned expenditures in product development, clinical testing, or manufacturing; failure to receive regulatory approvals; emergence of superior or equivalent products; inability to manufacture on our own, or through any others, product candidates on a commercial scale; and failure to achieve market acceptance. Importantly, if the JT-09 initial proof of concept efforts are unsuccessful and we discontinue this program, our future prospects could be materially adversely impacted. Because of these risks, our research and development efforts may not result in any commercially viable products and our business, financial condition, and results of operations could be materially harmed.
Clinical trials required for new product candidates are expensive and time-consuming, and their outcome is uncertain.
Conducting clinical trials is a lengthy, time-consuming, and expensive process. The length of time may vary substantially according to the type, complexity, novelty, and intended use of the product candidate, and often can be several years or more per trial. Delays associated with products for which we are directly conducting clinical trials may cause us to incur additional operating expenses. The commencement and rate of completion of clinical trials may be delayed by many factors, including, for example:
|·||inability to manufacture sufficient quantities of qualified materials under cGMP, for use in clinical trials;|
|·||slower than expected rates of patient recruitment;|
|·||failure to recruit a sufficient number of patients; modification of clinical trial protocols;|
|·||changes in regulatory requirements for clinical trials;|
|·||the lack of effectiveness during clinical trials;|
|·||the emergence of unforeseen safety issues;|
|·||delays, suspension, or termination of the clinical trials due to the institutional review board responsible for overseeing the study at a particular study site; and|
|·||government or regulatory delays or “clinical holds” requiring suspension or termination of the trials.|
The results from early clinical trials are not necessarily predictive of results obtained in later clinical trials. Accordingly, even if we obtain positive results from early clinical trials, we may not achieve the same success in future clinical trials. Clinical trials may not demonstrate statistically significant safety and effectiveness to obtain the requisite regulatory approvals for product candidates. The failure of clinical trials to demonstrate safety and effectiveness for the desired indications could cause us to abandon a product candidate and could delay development of other product candidates. Any delay in, or termination of, our clinical trials could materially harm our business, financial condition, and results of operations.
The winding down of our commercial operations may be more costly and time-consuming than we anticipate.
The cessation of our Probuphine related commercial activities requires us to comply with FDA and state regulatory requirements, including those related to notifications to various stakeholders and the continuation of adverse event reporting, as well as to address a number of business considerations, such as termination of third-party agreements and transfer of manufacturing equipment. The costs and timing associated with the wind down of our commercial operations may exceed our current estimates, requiring a reallocation of proceeds that may limit what we can accomplish in our product development programs unless additional financing is procured sooner than we currently anticipate.
We face risks associated with third parties conducting preclinical studies and clinical trials of our products.
We depend on third-party laboratories and medical institutions to conduct preclinical studies and clinical trials for our products and other third-party organizations to perform data collection and analysis, all of which must maintain both good laboratory and good clinical practices. We also depend upon third party manufacturers for the production of any products we may successfully develop to comply with cGMP of the FDA, which are similarly outside our direct control. If third party laboratories and medical institutions conducting studies of our products fail to maintain both good laboratory and clinical practices, the studies could be delayed or have to be repeated.
We face risks associated with product liability lawsuits that could be brought against us.
The testing, manufacturing, marketing and sale of human therapeutic products entail an inherent risk of product liability claims. We currently have a limited amount of product liability insurance, which may not be sufficient to cover claims that may be made against us in the event that the use or misuse of our product candidates causes, or merely appears to have caused, personal injury or death. In the event we are forced to expend significant funds on defending product liability actions, and in the event those funds come from operating capital, we will be required to reduce our business activities, which could lead to significant losses. Adequate insurance coverage may not be available in the future on acceptable terms, if at all. If available, we may not be able to maintain any such insurance at sufficient levels of coverage and any such insurance may not provide adequate protection against potential liabilities. Whether or not a product liability insurance policy is obtained or maintained in the future, any claims against us, regardless of their merit, could severely harm our financial condition, strain our management and other resources or destroy the prospects for commercialization of the product which is the subject of any such claim.
We may be unable to protect our patents and proprietary rights.
Our future success will depend to a significant extent on our ability to:
|·||obtain and keep patent protection for our products, methods and technologies on a domestic and international basis;|
|·||enforce our patents to prevent others from using our inventions;|
|·||maintain and prevent others from using our trade secrets; and|
|·||operate and commercialize products without infringing on the patents or proprietary rights of others.|
We cannot assure you that our patent rights will afford any competitive advantages, and these rights may be challenged or circumvented by third parties. Further, patents may not be issued on any of our pending patent applications in the U.S. or abroad. Because of the extensive time required for development, testing and regulatory review of a potential product, it is possible that before a potential product can be commercialized, any related patent may expire or remain in existence for only a short period following commercialization, reducing or eliminating any advantage of the patent. If we sue others for infringing our patents, a court may determine that such patents are invalid or unenforceable. Even if the validity of our patent rights is upheld by a court, a court may not prevent the alleged infringement of our patent rights on the grounds that such activity is not covered by our patent claims.
In addition, third parties may sue us for infringing their patents. In the event of a successful claim of infringement against us, we may be required to:
|·||pay substantial damages;|
|·||stop using our technologies and methods;|
|·||stop certain research and development efforts;|
|·||develop non-infringing products or methods; and|
|·||obtain one or more licenses from third parties.|
If required, we cannot assure you that we will be able to obtain such licenses on acceptable terms, or at all. If we are sued for infringement, we could encounter substantial delays in development, manufacture and commercialization of our product candidates. Any litigation, whether to enforce our patent rights or to defend against allegations that we infringe third party rights, will be costly, time consuming, and may distract management from other important tasks.
We also rely in our business on trade secrets, know-how and other proprietary information. We seek to protect this information, in part, through the use of confidentiality agreements with employees, consultants, advisors and others. Nonetheless, we cannot assure you that those agreements will provide adequate protection for our trade secrets, know-how or other proprietary information and prevent their unauthorized use or disclosure. To the extent that consultants, key employees or other third parties apply technological information independently developed by them or by others to our proposed products, disputes may arise as to the proprietary rights to such information, which may not be resolved in our favor.
We must comply with extensive government regulations.
The research, development, manufacture, labeling, storage, record-keeping, advertising, promotion, import, export, marketing and distribution of pharmaceutical products are subject to an extensive regulatory approval process by the FDA in the U.S. and comparable health authorities in foreign markets. The process of obtaining required regulatory approvals for drugs is lengthy, expensive and uncertain. Approval policies or regulations may change, and the FDA and foreign authorities have substantial discretion in the pharmaceutical approval process, including the ability to delay, limit or deny approval of a product candidate for many reasons. Despite the time and expense invested in clinical development of product candidates, regulatory approval is never guaranteed. Regulatory approval may entail limitations on the indicated usage of a drug, which may reduce the drug’s market potential. Even if regulatory clearance is obtained, post-market evaluation of the products, if required, could result in restrictions on a product’s marketing or withdrawal of the product from the market, as well as possible civil and criminal sanctions. Of the large number of drugs in development, only a small percentage successfully complete the regulatory approval process and are commercialized.
We face intense competition.
With respect to our product development programs, we face competition from numerous companies that currently market, or are developing, products for the treatment of the diseases and disorders we have targeted, many of which have significantly greater research and development capabilities, experience in obtaining regulatory approvals and manufacturing, marketing, financial and managerial resources than we have. We also compete with universities and other research institutions in the development of products, technologies and processes, as well as the recruitment of highly qualified personnel. Our competitors may succeed in developing technologies or products that are more effective than the ones we have under development or that render our proposed products or technologies noncompetitive or obsolete. In addition, our competitors may achieve product commercialization or patent protection earlier than we will.
We depend on a small number of employees and consultants.
We are highly dependent on the services of a limited number of personnel and the loss of one or more of such individuals could substantially impair our ongoing commercialization efforts. We compete in our hiring efforts with other pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies and it may be difficult and could take an extended period of time because of the limited number of individuals in our industry with the range of skills and experience required and because of our limited resources.
In addition, we retain scientific and clinical advisors and consultants to assist us in all aspects of our business. Competition to hire and retain consultants from a limited pool is intense. Further, because these advisors are not our employees, they may have commitments to, or consulting or advisory contracts with, other entities that may limit their availability to us, and typically they will not enter into non-compete agreements with us. If a conflict of interest arises between their work for us and their work for another entity, we may lose their services. In addition, our advisors may have arrangements with other companies to assist those companies in developing products or technologies that may compete with ours.
We face potential liability related to the privacy of health information we obtain from clinical trials sponsored by us or our collaborators, from research institutions and our collaborators, and directly from individuals.
Numerous federal and state laws, including state security breach notification laws, state health information privacy laws, and federal and state consumer protection laws, govern the collection, use, and disclosure of personal information. In addition, most health care providers, including research institutions from which we or our collaborators obtain patient health information, are subject to privacy and security regulations promulgated under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, or HIPAA, as amended by the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act. Although we are not directly subject to HIPAA, we could potentially be subject to criminal penalties if we, our affiliates, or our agents knowingly obtain or disclose individually identifiable health information maintained by a HIPAA-covered entity in a manner that is not authorized or permitted by HIPAA.
We face risks related to health epidemics, such as the current COVID-19 global pandemic, that could adversely affect our operations or financial results.
The spread of COVID-19, the novel coronavirus, including restrictions on travel, “shelter in place” orders, and quarantine policies put into place by businesses and state and local governments to mitigate its transmission, may have a material adverse effect on our business. While the duration of the pandemic and its potential economic impact are difficult to predict, it already has caused significant disruption in the healthcare industry and is likely to have continuing impacts as it continues. The travel restrictions, “shelter in place” orders, quarantine policies, and general concerns about the spread of COVID-19 was a significant factor in our decision to wind down our commercial operations because of the resulting disruptions in the delivery of healthcare to patients, our sales and marketing efforts and REMS training activities, as well as the operations of the various parts of our supply and distribution chain. The ultimate impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, or any other health epidemic, is highly uncertain and subject to change. We do not yet know the full extent of potential impacts on our business, healthcare systems or the global economy as a whole. As the pandemic continues, it may result in a sustained economic downturn that could affect our ability to access capital on reasonable terms, or at all.
Risks Related to Our Financial Condition and Need for Additional Capital
We have incurred net losses in almost every year since our inception and we may never achieve or sustain profitability.
We have incurred net losses in almost every year since our inception. Our financial statements have been prepared assuming that we will continue as a going concern. For the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, we had net losses of approximately $16.5 million and $9.3 million, respectively, and had net cash used in operating activities of approximately $15.4 million and $8.4 million, respectively. These net losses and negative cash flows have had, and will continue to have, an adverse effect on our stockholders’ equity and working capital. We expect to continue to incur net losses and negative operating cash flow for the foreseeable future as we wind down our commercial activities and focus on development of ProNeura based products. The amount of future net losses will depend, in part, on the rate of future growth of our expenses and our ability to obtain government or third party funding for our development programs. There can be no assurance that we will ever achieve profitability.
We will require additional proceeds to fund our product development programs.
We currently estimate that our available cash and cash equivalents, including the approximately $2.5 million received from our September 2020 financing, will be sufficient to fund our operations into November 2020. We believe that the proceeds of this offering will be sufficient to meet our obligations under the debt settlement agreement, wind down our commercial operations and fund our working capital needs and product development efforts for more than 12 months. We will require additional funds to advance JT-09 beyond the proof of concept stage, if successful, which we expect to know by the end of the first quarter of 2021, and to fund any of our ProNeura development programs into the clinic and to complete the regulatory approval process necessary to commercialize any products we might develop. While we are currently evaluating the alternatives available to us, including government grants and third-party collaborations for one or more of our ProNeura programs, our efforts to address our liquidity requirements may not be successful. There can be no assurance that any source of capital will be available to us on acceptable terms.
We have a limited number of authorized shares of common stock available for issuance and will need to seek stockholder approval to amend our charter to either effect an increase in our authorized shares of common stock or a reverse split. The issuance of additional securities if we obtain the required amendment approval will cause investors to experience dilution
Following this offering, there will only be 0.2 million authorized but unissued or reserved shares of our common stock. We do not have a sufficient number of authorized shares to permit exercise of the warrants or to undertake the additional equity financing that we will need to fund our product development programs. We have agreed to seek stockholder approval of an amendment to our certificate of incorporation to effect an increase in our authorized shares of common stock or a reverse split in an amount sufficient to permit the exercise in full of the warrants offered hereby, which if approved will provide us with additional available shares If we do not receive the requisite stockholder approval to enable us to issue equity in the future, our operations will likely be materially adversely impacted. There are risks associated with effecting a reverse split, including a decline in the market price of our common stock and the possibility of certain stockholders owning “odd lots” of less than 100 shares, which may be more difficult to sell, or require greater transaction costs per share to sell, than shares in “round lots” of even multiples of 100 shares. In addition, because holders of our common stock have no preemptive rights to purchase or subscribe for any unissued stock of our company, the availability of a greater number of authorized shares, whether as a result of a reverse split or an increase in the authorized number, could result in additional dilution to our existing stockholders. Moreover, we may issue derivative securities, including options and/or warrants, from time to time, to procure qualified personnel or for other business reasons. The issuance of any such derivative securities, which is at the discretion of our board of directors, may further dilute the equity ownership of our stockholders.
Our net operating losses and research and development tax credits may not be available to reduce future federal and state income tax payments.
At December 31, 2019, we had federal net operating loss and tax credit carryforwards of approximately $268.3 million and approximately $8.5 million, respectively, and state net operating loss and tax credit carryforwards of approximately $108.2 million and approximately $9.1 million, respectively, available to offset future taxable income, if any. Current federal and state tax laws include substantial restrictions on the utilization of net operating loss and tax credits in the event of an ownership change and we cannot assure you that our net operating loss and tax carryforwards will continue to be available.
We received a loan under the Paycheck Protection Program of the CARES Act, and all or a portion of the loan may not be forgivable.
On April 20, 2020, we received an approximately $0.7 million PPP Loan pursuant to the Paycheck Protection Program of the CARES Act. The PPP Loan matures in April 2022 with an annual interest rate of 1.0%. The PPP Loan has a six month deferral of payments period and may be prepaid at any time without penalty. The proceeds of the PPP Loan are to be used to retain workers and maintain payroll and make mortgage interest, lease and utility payments. Under the CARES Act, we will be eligible to apply for forgiveness of all loan proceeds used to pay payroll costs, rent, utilities and other qualifying expenses during the 24-week period following receipt of the loan, provided that we maintain our number of employees and compensation within certain parameters during such period. Not more than 40% of the forgiven amount may be for non-payroll costs. If the conditions outlined in the PPP loan program are adhered to by us, all or part of such loan could be forgiven. However, we cannot provide any assurance that we will be eligible for loan forgiveness or that any amount of the PPP loan will ultimately be forgiven by the SBA. Any forgiven amounts will not be included in our taxable income.
Risks Related to Our Common Stock
Our failure to meet the continued listing requirements of Nasdaq could result in a delisting of our common stock.
On August 18, 2020, we received a notice from the Nasdaq Capital Market, or Nasdaq, that because our stockholders’ equity is less than $2,500,000, we are no longer in compliance with the minimum stockholders’ equity requirement for continued listing pursuant to Nasdaq Listing Rule 5550(b)(1). The proceeds of this offering, together with the wind down of our commercial operations and settlement of our debt obligations, will enable us to regain compliance with the minimum stockholders’ equity requirement; however, we may not be able to maintain compliance with the minimum stockholders’ equity requirement for a sufficient period of time to satisfy Nasdaq. If we are unable to demonstrate to Nasdaq’s satisfaction that we will be able to sustain compliance with this requirement, Nasdaq may delist our common stock. In addition, even if we regain technical compliance with the stockholders’ equity requirement, we will have to continue to meet other objective and subjective listing requirements to continue to be listed on the Nasdaq Capital Market. There can be no assurance that we will be able to maintain compliance and meet Nasdaq’s minimum stockholders’ equity requirements.
In addition, on September 19, 2019, we received a letter from Nasdaq notifying us that the market price of our common stock has been below the $1.00 minimum bid price requirement for continued listing and requiring us to regain compliance with the minimum bid price requirement within 180 days. On April 17, 2020, Nasdaq notified us that the 180-day period to regain compliance with the minimum bid price requirement had been extended due to the global market impact caused by COVID-19. More specifically, Nasdaq has stated that the compliance periods for any company previously notified about non-compliance are suspended effective April 16, 2020, until June 30, 2020. On July 1, 2020, companies received the balance of any pending compliance period exception to regain compliance as a result of which we now have until November 30, 2020 to regain compliance with the minimum bid price rule. Our prior efforts to obtain stockholder approval of a reverse stock split of our outstanding shares of common stock that would increase the closing bid price of our common stock to above $1.00 were not successful. We have agreed with the investors in this offering to seek stockholder approval of a reverse split that we would have the effect of regaining compliance with the minimum bid price requirement in addition to providing sufficient authorized shares for the exercise of the warrants offered hereby. There can be no assurance that stockholders will approve any such reverse split proposal in a timely manner or at all.
If our common stock is delisted, our common stock would likely then trade only in the over-the-counter market. If our common stock were to trade on the over-the-counter market, selling our common stock could be more difficult because smaller quantities of shares would likely be bought and sold, transactions could be delayed, and we could face significant material adverse consequences, including: a limited availability of market quotations for our securities; reduced liquidity with respect to our securities; a determination that our shares are a “penny stock,” which will require brokers trading in our securities to adhere to more stringent rules, possibly resulting in a reduced level of trading activity in the secondary trading market for our securities; a reduced amount of news and analyst coverage for our Company; and a decreased ability to issue additional securities or obtain additional financing in the future. These factors could result in lower prices and larger spreads in the bid and ask prices for our common stock and would substantially impair our ability to raise additional funds and could result in a loss of institutional investor interest and fewer development opportunities for us.
In addition to the foregoing, if our common stock is delisted from Nasdaq and it trades on the over-the-counter market, the application of the “penny stock” rules could adversely affect the market price of our common stock and increase the transaction costs to sell those shares. The SEC has adopted regulations which generally define a “penny stock” as an equity security that has a market price of less than $5.00 per share, subject to specific exemptions. If our common stock is delisted from Nasdaq and it trades on the over-the-counter market at a price of less than $5.00 per share, our common stock would be considered a penny stock. The SEC’s penny stock rules require a broker-dealer, before a transaction in a penny stock not otherwise exempt from the rules, to deliver a standardized risk disclosure document that provides information about penny stocks and the risks in the penny stock market. The broker-dealer must also provide the customer with current bid and offer quotations for the penny stock, the compensation of the broker-dealer and the salesperson in the transaction, and monthly account statements showing the market value of each penny stock held in the customer’s account. In addition, the penny stock rules generally require that before a transaction in a penny stock occurs, the broker-dealer must make a special written determination that the penny stock is a suitable investment for the purchaser and receive the purchaser’s agreement to the transaction. If applicable in the future, these rules may restrict the ability of brokers-dealers to sell our common stock and may affect the ability of investors to sell their shares, until our common stock no longer is considered a penny stock.
We have used almost all of our unreserved, authorized shares.
After giving effect to this offering, we will have used almost all of our unreserved authorized shares and will need stockholder approval to implement an increase in our authorized shares of common stock or a reverse stock split. Our certificate of incorporation and the Delaware General Corporation Law, or the DGCL, currently require the approval of stockholders holding not less than a majority of all outstanding shares of capital stock entitled to vote in order to approve an increase in our authorized shares of common stock or a reverse stock split. There are no assurances that stockholder approval will be obtained, in which event will be unable to raise additional capital through the issuance of shares of common stock to fund our future operations.
The price of our common stock may fluctuate significantly, and this may make it difficult for you to resell the common stock you want or at prices you find attractive.
The price of our common stock constantly changes. The price of our common stock could fluctuate significantly for many reasons, including the following:
|·||results of our product development programs;|
|·||future announcements concerning us, including our clinical and product development strategy, or our competitors;|
|·||reports and recommendations of analysts and whether or not we meet the milestones and metrics set forth in such reports;|
|·||introduction of new products;|
|·||fluctuations of investor interest in the pharmaceutical and healthcare sectors; and|
|·||fluctuations in the economy, world political events or general market conditions.|
The stock markets have experienced extreme price and volume fluctuations that have affected and continue to affect the market prices of equity securities of many companies. These fluctuations often have been unrelated or disproportionate to the operating performance of those companies. These broad market and industry fluctuations, as well as general economic, political and market conditions such as recessions, interest rate changes or international currency fluctuations, may negatively impact the market price of shares of our common stock and could subject us to securities class action litigation.
If securities or industry analysts do not publish research or publish inaccurate or unfavorable research about our business, our share price and trading volume could decline.
The trading market for our common stock will depend on the research and reports that securities or industry analysts publish about us or our business. We do not have any control over these analysts. There can be no assurance that analysts will cover us or provide favorable coverage. If one or more of the analysts who cover us downgrade our stock or change their opinion of our stock, our share price would likely decline. If one or more of these analysts cease coverage of our company or fail to regularly publish reports on us, we could lose visibility in the financial markets, which could cause our share price or trading volume to decline.
Provisions in our corporate charter documents and under Delaware law could make an acquisition of our company, which may be beneficial to our stockholders, more difficult and may prevent attempts by our stockholders to replace or remove our current management.
Provisions in our certificate of incorporation and our bylaws may discourage, delay or prevent a merger, acquisition or other change in control of our company that stockholders may consider favorable, including transactions in which you might otherwise receive a premium for your shares. These provisions could also limit the price that investors might be willing to pay in the future for shares of our common stock, thereby depressing the market price of our common stock. In addition, because our board of directors is responsible for appointing the members of our management team, these provisions may frustrate or prevent any attempts by our stockholders to replace or remove our current management by making it more difficult for stockholders to replace members of our board of directors. Among other things, these provisions provide that:
|·||the authorized number of directors can be changed only by resolution of our board of directors;|
|·||our bylaws may be amended or repealed by our board of directors or our stockholders;|
|·||stockholders may not call special meetings of the stockholders or fill vacancies on the board of directors;|
|·||our board of directors is authorized to issue, without stockholder approval, preferred stock, the rights of which will be determined at the discretion of the board of directors and that, if issued, could operate as a “poison pill” to dilute the stock ownership of a potential hostile acquirer to prevent an acquisition that our board of directors does not approve;|
|·||our stockholders do not have cumulative voting rights, and therefore our stockholders holding a majority of the shares of common stock outstanding will be able to elect all of our directors; and|
|·||our stockholders must comply with advance notice provisions to bring business before or nominate directors for election at a stockholder meeting.|
Moreover, because we are incorporated in Delaware, we are governed by the provisions of Section 203 of the DGCL which prohibits a person who owns in excess of 15% of our outstanding voting stock from merging or combining with us for a period of three years after the date of the transaction in which the person acquired in excess of 15% of our outstanding voting stock, unless the merger or combination is approved in a prescribed manner.
We have never paid any cash dividends and have no plans to pay any cash dividends in the future.
Holders of shares of our common stock are entitled to receive such dividends as may be declared by our board of directors. To date, we have paid no cash dividends on our shares of our preferred or common stock and we do not expect to pay cash dividends in the foreseeable future. In addition, the declaration and payment of cash dividends is restricted under the terms of our existing Loan Agreement. We intend to retain future earnings, if any, to provide funds for operations of our business. Therefore, any return investors in our preferred or common stock may have will be in the form of appreciation, if any, in the market value of their shares of common stock.
Risks Related to this Offering
If you purchase our securities in this offering, you may incur immediate and substantial dilution in the book value of your shares.
The public offering price per unit may be substantially higher than the net tangible book value per share of our common stock immediately prior to the offering. After giving effect to the assumed sale of 73,000,000 units in this offering, at an assumed public offering price of $0.1425 per unit and after deducting the estimated underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us and attributing no value to the warrants sold in this offering, purchasers of our common stock in this offering will incur immediate dilution of $(0.0862) per share in the net tangible book value of the common stock they acquire. In the event that you exercise your warrants, you may experience additional dilution to the extent that the exercise price of the warrants is higher than the tangible book value per share of our common stock. For a further description of the dilution that investors in this offering may experience, see “Dilution.” In addition, to the extent that outstanding stock options or warrants have been or may be exercised or other shares issued, you may experience further dilution.
You will be unable to exercise the warrants and they may have no value under certain circumstances.
We currently do not have authorized shares available to permit exercise of the warrants. Therefore, the warrants will not be exercisable until we obtain stockholder approval to effect an increase in our authorized shares of common stock or a reverse stock split in an amount sufficient to permit exercise in full of the warrants. If we are unable to obtain such stockholder approval, the warrants will have no value and will expire. In no event may the warrants be net cash settled. Our prior efforts to obtain stockholder approval of a reverse split were not successful. We expect that the holders of the warrants will vote in connection with the next meeting to obtain stockholder approval of a reverse split and/or an increase in our authorized shares of common stock. In addition, we expect certain investors in this offering to agree with the representative to enter into a lock-up and voting agreement whereby each such investor will be subject to a lock-up period of three (3) days following the closing of this offering and will vote all shares of common stock they beneficially own on the closing date of this offering with respect to any proposals presented to the stockholders of the Company. However, existing holders of common stock may have an incentive to vote against the proposal for an increase in our authorized shares of common stock or a reverse stock split to prevent dilution in their interests by the shares underlying the warrants. Furthermore, in the event that the price of a share of our common stock does not exceed the exercise price of the warrants during their exercise period, the warrants may not have any value.
We have broad discretion in the use of the net proceeds we receive from this offering and may not use them effectively.
Our management will have significant discretion and flexibility in applying the net proceeds of this offering that are not allocated to payment of outstanding debt and other financial obligations. You will be relying on the judgment of our management with regard to the use of these net proceeds, and you will not have the opportunity, as part of your investment decision, to assess whether the net proceeds are being used appropriately. It is possible that the net proceeds will be invested in a way that does not yield a favorable, or any, return for us. The failure of our management to use such funds effectively could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flow.
There is no public market for the warrants to purchase shares of our common stock being offered in this offering.
There is no established public trading market for the warrants being offered in this offering, and we do not expect a market to develop. In addition, we do not intend to apply to list the warrants on any national securities exchange or other nationally recognized trading system, including The Nasdaq Capital Market. Without an active trading market, the liquidity of the warrants will be limited.
The warrants purchased in this offering do not entitle the holder to any rights as common stockholders until the holder exercises the warrant for shares of our common stock.
Until you acquire shares of our common stock upon exercise of your warrants purchased in this offering, such warrants will not provide you any rights as a common stockholder, except as set forth therein. Upon exercise of your warrants purchased in this offering, you will be entitled to exercise the rights of a common stockholder only as to matters for which the record date occurs on or after the exercise date.
CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This prospectus contains “forward-looking statements” that involve substantial risks and uncertainties. All statements other than statements of historical facts contained in this prospectus, including statements regarding our future results of operations and financial position, strategy and plans, and our expectations for future operations, are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act. We have attempted to identify forward-looking statements by terminology including “anticipates,” “believes,” “can,” “continue,” “could,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “may,” “plans,” “potential,” “predicts,” “should,” or “will” or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology. Although we do not make forward looking statements unless we believe we have a reasonable basis for doing so, we cannot guarantee their accuracy. Forward-looking statements included or incorporated by reference in this prospectus or our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC, include, but are not necessarily limited to, those relating to uncertainties relating to:
|·||the ability to raise capital when needed;|
|·||financing and strategic agreements and relationships;|
|·||difficulties or delays in the regulatory approval process;|
|·||uncertainties relating to manufacturing, sales, marketing and distribution of our drug candidates that may be successfully developed and approved for commercialization;|
|·||adverse side effects or inadequate therapeutic efficacy of our drug candidates that could slow or prevent product development or commercialization;|
|·||dependence on third party suppliers;|
|·||the uncertainty of protection for our patents and other intellectual property or trade secrets; and|
These statements are only predictions and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, including the risks outlined under “Risk Factors” or elsewhere in this prospectus, which may cause our or our industry’s actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements.
Forward-looking statements should not be read as a guarantee of future performance or results, and will not necessarily be accurate indications of the times at, or by which, that performance or those results will be achieved. Forward-looking statements are based on information available at the time they are made and/or management’s good faith belief as of that time with respect to future events, and are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual performance or results to differ materially from what is expressed in or suggested by the forward-looking statements.
Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made. You should not put undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. We assume no obligation to update forward-looking statements to reflect actual results, changes in assumptions or changes in other factors affecting forward-looking information, except to the extent required by applicable securities laws. If we do update one or more forward-looking statements, no inference should be drawn that we will make additional updates with respect to those or other forward-looking statements.. We caution you not to give undue weight to such projections, assumptions and estimates.
USE OF PROCEEDS
We estimate that the net proceeds to us from the sale of the securities offered by this prospectus in this offering will be approximately $__ million (or $__ million if the underwriters fully exercise their overallotment option) after deducting commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us.
We currently intend to use the net proceeds from this offering for general corporate purposes, including the costs associated with winding down our commercial operations and funding our product development programs, as well as for the settlement of our outstanding indebtedness to Horizon and Molteni, for which we expect to allocate $1.6 million of proceeds. We may use a portion of the net proceeds for the acquisitions of businesses, products, technologies or licenses that are complementary to our business, although we have no present commitments or agreements to do so other than the possible acquisition of certain intellectual property rights from JT Pharma described elsewhere in this prospectus.
The allocation of the net proceeds of the offering set forth above represents our estimates based upon our current plans and assumptions regarding industry and general economic conditions, our future revenues and expenditures. The amounts and timing of our actual expenditures may vary significantly and will depend on numerous factors, regulatory requirements, cash used by our operations, the extent to which we receive project funding from government grants and other third party collaborators and other business developments and opportunities that may arise. We may find it necessary or advisable to use portions of the proceeds from this offering for other purposes.
We believe that the net proceeds of this offering, together with cash on hand, will be sufficient to fund our operations for more than 12 months, although we will need to raise additional capital to fund JT-09 beyond the first quarter of 2021. Additional capital may not be available on terms favorable to us, or at all. If we raise additional funds by issuing equity securities, our stockholders may experience dilution. Debt financing, if available, may involve restrictive covenants or additional security interests in our assets. Any additional debt or equity financing that we complete may contain terms that are not favorable to us or our stockholders. If we raise additional funds through collaboration and licensing arrangements with third parties, it may be necessary to relinquish some rights to our technologies or products or grant licenses on terms that are not favorable to us. If we are unable to raise adequate funds, we may have to delay, reduce the scope of, or eliminate some or all of, our development programs or liquidate some or all of our assets.
Pending our use of the net proceeds from this offering, we intend to invest the net proceeds in a variety of capital preservation investments, including short-term, investment grade, interest bearing instruments and U.S. government securities.
Purchasers of units in this offering will experience an immediate dilution of the net tangible book value per share of our common stock. Our net tangible book value as of June 30, 2020 was approximately $1.6 million, or $0.0160 per share of our common stock. Net tangible book value per share is equal to our total tangible assets less our total liabilities, divided by the number of shares of our outstanding common stock. Dilution per share of common stock equals the difference between the amount paid by purchasers of common stock in this offering (ascribing no value to the warrants) and the net tangible book value per share of our common stock immediately after this offering.
After giving effect to the assumed sale by us of 73,000,000 units in this offering at an assumed public offering price of $0.1425 per unit (the last reported sale price of our common stock on Nasdaq on October 16, 2020), after deducting the estimated underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us and the allocation of $1.6 million to settle outstanding indebtedness, our as adjusted net tangible book value as of June 30, 2020 would have been approximately $9.6 million, or approximately $0.0563 per share. This represents an immediate increase in net tangible book value of $0.04403 per share to existing stockholders and an immediate decrease in net tangible book value of $0.0862 per share to new investors purchasing shares of our common stock and related warrants in this offering, attributing none of the assumed combined public offering price to the warrants offered hereby. The following table illustrates this per share dilution:
|Assumed combined public offering price per unit||$||0.1425|
|Net tangible book value per share as of June 30, 2020||$||0.0160|
|Increase in net tangible book value per share after this offering||0.0403|
|As adjusted net tangible book value per share after this offering||0.0563|
|Dilution per share to new investors||$||(0.0862||)|
The information above is illustrative only and will change based on actual pricing and other terms of this offering determined at pricing.
The above discussion and table is as of June 30, 2020 and excludes, as of that date:
|·||917,544 shares of our common stock issuable upon exercise of outstanding options with a weighted average exercise price of $7.44 per share;|
|·||26,173,376 shares of our common stock issuable upon exercise of outstanding warrants with a weighted average exercise price of $0.56 per share (inclusive of 8,700,000 warrants for which the underlying shares had not yet been authorized);|
|·||3,422,777 shares issuable upon conversion of a portion of our outstanding debt; and|
|·||842,054 additional shares of our common stock reserved for future issuance under our 2015 equity incentive plan.|
The above discussion also does not reflect the sale of 19,440,000 shares of our common stock in a registered direct offering completed in September 2020.
DESCRIPTION OF SECURITIES WE are offering
As of the date of this prospectus, our certificate of incorporation authorizes us to issue 225,000,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share, and 5,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share. The following description of our capital stock is not complete and is subject to and qualified in its entirety by our certificate of incorporation, as amended, and bylaws, which are filed as exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part, and by the relevant provisions of the Delaware General Corporation Law.
We are offering up to __ units, with each unit consisting of one share of our common stock and a warrant to purchase one share of our common stock at an assumed public offering price of $___ per unit. The shares of common stock and warrants are being sold in this offering only as part of the units. However, the units will not be certificated and the common stock and warrants comprising such units are immediately separable. Upon issuance, the shares of common stock and warrants may be transferred independent of one another, subject to applicable law and transfer restrictions.
Each holder of common stock is entitled to one vote for each share of common stock held on all matters submitted to a vote of the stockholders, including the election of directors. Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws do not provide for cumulative voting rights. Subject to preferences that may be applicable to any then outstanding preferred stock, the holders of our outstanding shares of common stock are entitled to receive dividends, if any, as may be declared from time to time by our board of directors out of legally available funds. In the event of our liquidation, dissolution or winding up, holders of common stock will be entitled to share ratably in the net assets legally available for distribution to stockholders after the payment of all of our debts and other liabilities, subject to the satisfaction of any liquidation preference granted to the holders of any outstanding shares of preferred stock. Holders of our common stock have no preemptive, conversion or subscription rights, and there are no redemption or sinking fund provisions applicable to the common stock. The rights, preferences and privileges of the holders of common stock are subject to, and may be adversely affected by, the rights of the holders of shares of any series of our preferred stock that are outstanding or that we may designate and issue in the future. All of our outstanding shares of common stock are fully paid and nonassessable.
Our common stock is currently listed on The Nasdaq Capital Market under the trading symbol “TTNP.”
The following summary of certain terms and provisions of the warrants offered hereby is not complete and is subject to, and qualified in its entirety by, the provisions of the warrant, the form of which has been filed as an exhibit to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part. Prospective investors should carefully review the terms and provisions of the form of warrant for a complete description of the terms and conditions of the warrants.
Pursuant to a warrant agency agreement between us and Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, as warrant agent, the warrants will be issued in book-entry form and shall initially be represented only by one or more global warrants deposited with the warrant agent, as custodian on behalf of The Depository Trust Company, or DTC, and registered in the name of Cede & Co., a nominee of DTC, or as otherwise directed by DTC.
Exercisability. The warrants are exercisable on the date we file an amendment to our certificate of incorporation to reflect our stockholders’ approval of an increase in our authorized shares of common stock or a reverse stock split in an amount sufficient to permit the exercise in full of the warrants and will expire on the date that is five years after the warrants become exercisable. The warrants will be exercisable, at the option of each holder, in whole or in part by delivering to us a duly executed exercise notice. In no event may the warrants be net cash settled.
Stockholder Approval. We have agreed to hold a stockholders meeting in order to seek stockholder approval for an amendment to our certificate of incorporation to effect an increase in our authorized shares of common stock or a reverse split of the common stock in an amount sufficient to permit the exercise in full of the warrants in accordance with their terms. In the event that we are unable to obtain stockholder approval and effect an increase in our authorized shares of common stock or effect a reverse split of our common stock, the warrants will not be exercisable and will have no value. In no event may the warrants be net cash settled.
Exercise Limitation. A holder will not have the right to exercise any portion of the warrant if the holder (together with its affiliates) would beneficially own in excess of 9.99% of the number of shares of our common stock outstanding immediately after giving effect to the exercise, as such percentage ownership is determined in accordance with the terms of the warrants. However, any holder may increase or decrease such percentage, provided that any increase will not be effective until the 61st day after such election.
Exercise Price. The warrants will have an exercise price of $__ per share (___% of the per unit offering price). The exercise price is subject to appropriate adjustment in the event of certain stock dividends and distributions, stock splits, stock combinations, reclassifications or similar events affecting our common stock and also upon any distributions of assets, including cash, stock or other property to our stockholders.
Cashless Exercise. If, at the time a holder exercises its warrant, there is no effective registration statement registering, or the prospectus contained therein is not available for an issuance of the shares underlying the warrant to the holder, then in lieu of making the cash payment otherwise contemplated to be made to us upon such exercise in payment of the aggregate exercise price, the holder may elect instead to receive upon such exercise (either in whole or in part) the net number of shares of common stock determined according to a formula set forth in the warrant.
Transferability. Subject to applicable laws, the warrants may be offered for sale, sold, transferred or assigned without our consent.
Exchange Listing. There is no established trading market for the warrants and we do not expect a market to develop. In addition, we do not intend to apply for the listing of the warrants on any national securities exchange or other trading market. Without an active trading market, the liquidity of the warrants will be limited.
Fundamental Transactions. If a fundamental transaction occurs, then the successor entity will succeed to, and be substituted for us, and may exercise every right and power that we may exercise and will assume all of our obligations under the warrants with the same effect as if such successor entity had been named in the warrant itself. If holders of our common stock are given a choice as to the securities, cash or property to be received in a fundamental transaction, then the holder shall be given the same choice as to the consideration it receives upon any exercise of the warrant following such fundamental transaction. Additionally, as more fully described in the warrant, in the event of certain fundamental transactions, the holders of the warrants will be entitled to receive consideration in an amount equal to the Black Scholes value of the warrants on the date of consummation of such transaction.
Rights as a Stockholder. Except as otherwise provided in the warrants or by virtue of such holder’s ownership of shares of our common stock, the holder of a warrant does not have the rights or privileges of a holder of our common stock, including any voting rights, until the holder exercises the warrant.
The transfer agent of our common stock being offered hereby is Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company.
We have entered into an underwriting agreement with the underwriters named below with respect to the units described in this prospectus. Subject to certain conditions, we have agreed to sell to the underwriters, and the underwriters have agreed to purchase, the number of units set forth below opposite each underwriter’s name. Maxim Group LLC is acting as the representatives of the underwriters.
|Maxim Group LLC|
The underwriters are offering the units subject to their acceptance of the common stock and the warrants comprising the units from us and subject to prior sale. The underwriting agreement provides that the obligations of the underwriters to pay for and accept delivery of the shares of our common stock and related warrants offered by this prospectus are subject to the approval of certain legal matters by their counsel and to certain other conditions. The underwriters are obligated to take and pay for all of the shares of our common stock and related warrants if any such shares of our common stock and related warrants are taken.
We have granted to the underwriters an option exercisable not later than 45 days after the date of this prospectus to purchase up to a number of additional shares of common stock and/or warrants equal to 10% of the number of shares of common stock sold in the primary offering (excluding any shares of common stock underlying the warrants issued in this offering and any shares of common stock issued upon any exercise of the underwriters’ over-allotment option) and/or 10% of the warrants sold in the primary offering at the public offering price per share of common stock and the public offering price per warrant set forth on the cover page hereto less the underwriting discounts and commissions. The underwriters may exercise the option solely to cover overallotments, if any, made in connection with this offering. If any additional shares of common stock and/or warrants are purchased, the underwriters will offer these shares of common stock and/or warrants on the same terms as those on which the other securities are being offered.
Underwriting Discounts and Expenses
The following table summarizes the underwriting discount and commission to be paid to the underwriters by us.
|Total||Total with Full|
|Public offering price|
|Underwriting discount to be paid to the underwriters by us (6.0%)(2)|
|Proceeds to us (before expenses)|
|(1) The public offering price and underwriting discount corresponds, in respect of the units (i) a public offering price per share of common stock of $[_] ($[_] net of the underwriting discount) and (ii) a public offering price per warrant of $[_] ($[_] net of the underwriting discount).|
|(2) We have also agreed to reimburse the accountable expenses of the representative, including legal fees, in this offering, up to a maximum of $___.|
We have agreed to pay the underwriters an aggregate fee equal to 6.0% of the gross proceeds of this offering and expect the net proceeds from this offering to be approximately $______after deducting $____ in underwriting commissions and $____ in our other estimated offering expenses. We have also agreed to pay the underwriters an accountable expense allowance for certain of the underwriters’ expenses relating to the offering up to a maximum aggregate amount of $_____, including the underwriters’ legal fees incurred in this offering.
Right of First Refusal
We have also agreed that if the securities are sold in accordance with the terms of this prospectus, the representative of the underwriters shall have a preferential right for a period of twelve (12) months from the commencement of sales of the offering to act as sole lead managing underwriter and sole book runner, for any securities (whether public or private offerings of debt or equity or any combination thereof) we or any subsidiary or successor may seek to sell whether with or without or through an underwriter, placement agent or broker-dealer and whether pursuant to registration under the Securities Act or otherwise. The representative’s failure to exercise its preferential right with respect to any particular proposal shall not affect its preferential rights relative to future proposals. The representative shall have the right to designate any other agents or underwriters in any such financing and the economics in connection with a financing that will be split with any additional agent(s) or underwriter(s) will be determined at the sole discretion of the Representative.
We have agreed to indemnify the underwriters against certain liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act.
We have agreed, subject to limited exceptions, for a period of 120 days after the closing of this offering, and our officers and directors have agreed, subject to limited exceptions, for a period of 180 days after the closing of this offering, not to offer, sell, contract to sell, pledge, grant any option to purchase, make any short sale or otherwise dispose of, directly or indirectly any shares of common stock or any securities convertible into or exchangeable for our common stock either owned as of the date of the underwriting agreement or thereafter acquired without the prior written consent of Maxim Group LLC. Maxim Group LLC may, in its sole discretion and at any time or from time to time before the termination of the lock-up period, without notice, release all or any portion of the securities subject to lock-up agreements.
Price Stabilization, Short Positions and Penalty Bids
In connection with the offering the underwriters may engage in stabilizing transactions, over-allotment transactions, syndicate covering transactions and penalty bids in accordance with Regulation M under the Exchange Act:
|·||Stabilizing transactions permit bids to purchase the underlying security so long as the stabilizing bids do not exceed a specified maximum.|
|·||Over-allotment involves sales by the underwriters of shares in excess of the number of shares the underwriters are obligated to purchase, which creates a syndicate short position. The short position may be either a covered short position or a naked short position. In a covered short position, the number of shares over-allotted by the underwriters is not greater than the number of shares that they may purchase in the over-allotment option. In a naked short position, the number of shares involved is greater than the number of shares in the over-allotment option. The underwriters may close out any covered short position by either exercising their over-allotment option and/or purchasing shares in the open market.|
|·||Syndicate covering transactions involve purchases of the common stock in the open market after the distribution has been completed in order to cover syndicate short positions. In determining the source of shares to close out the short position, the underwriters will consider, among other things, the price of shares available for purchase in the open market as compared to the price at which they may purchase shares through the over-allotment option. A naked short position occurs if the underwriters sell more shares than could be covered by the over-allotment option. This position can only be closed out by buying shares in the open market. A naked short position is more likely to be created if the underwriters are concerned that there could be downward pressure on the price of the shares in the open market after pricing that could adversely affect investors who purchase in the offering.|
|·||Penalty bids permit the underwriters to reclaim a selling concession from a syndicate member when the common stock originally sold by the syndicate member is purchased in a stabilizing or syndicate covering transaction to cover syndicate short positions.|
These stabilizing transactions, syndicate covering transactions and penalty bids may have the effect of raising or maintaining the market price of our common stock or preventing or retarding a decline in the market price of the common stock. As a result, the price of our common stock may be higher than the price that might otherwise exist in the open market. These transactions may be discontinued at any time.
Neither we nor the underwriters make any representation or prediction as to the direction or magnitude of any effect that the transactions described above may have on the price of our shares of common stock. In addition, neither we nor the underwriters make any representation that the underwriters will engage in these transactions or that any transaction, if commenced, will not be discontinued without notice.
This prospectus in electronic format may be made available on websites or through other online services maintained by the underwriters, or by their affiliates. Other than this prospectus in electronic format, the information on the underwriters’ websites and any information contained in any other websites maintained by the underwriters is not part of this prospectus or the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part, has not been approved and/or endorsed by us or the underwriters in their capacity as underwriters, and should not be relied upon by investors.
From time to time, the underwriters and/or their affiliates have provided, and may in the future provide, various investment banking and other financial services for us for which services it has received and, may in the future receive, customary fees.
Except for the services provided in connection with this offering and other than as described below, the underwriters have not provided any investment banking or other financial services during the 180-day period preceding the date of this prospectus.
In April 2020, we entered into an advisory agreement with Maxim Group LLC to provide general financial advisory and investment banking services. On September 28, 2020, we completed an offering of 19,440,000 shares of our common stock at a purchase price of $0.14 per share Maxim Group LLC acted as placement agent in connection with such transaction.
Offers Outside the United States
Other than in the United States, no action has been taken by us or the underwriters that would permit a public offering of the securities offered by this prospectus in any jurisdiction where action for that purpose is required. The securities offered by this prospectus may not be offered or sold, directly or indirectly, nor may this prospectus or any other offering material or advertisements in connection with the offer and sale of any such securities be distributed or published in any jurisdiction, except under circumstances that will result in compliance with the applicable rules and regulations of that jurisdiction. Persons into whose possession this prospectus comes are advised to inform themselves about and to observe any restrictions relating to the offering and the distribution of this prospectus. This prospectus does not constitute an offer to sell or a solicitation of an offer to buy any securities offered by this prospectus in any jurisdiction in which such an offer or a solicitation is unlawful.
The validity of the securities offered hereby will be passed upon for us by Loeb & Loeb LLP, New York, New York. The underwriters are being represented by Ellenoff Grossman & Schole LLP, New York, New York.
The financial statements as of and for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 incorporated by reference in this prospectus supplement constituting a part of the registration statement on Form S-3 have been so incorporated in reliance on the report of OUM & Co. LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, incorporated herein by reference, given on the authority of said firm as experts in auditing and accounting.
WHERE YOU CAN FIND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
We have filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission a registration statement on Form S-1 under the Securities Act with respect to the securities offered by this prospectus. This prospectus, which is part of the registration statement, omits certain information, exhibits, schedules and undertakings set forth in the registration statement. For further information pertaining to us and the securities offered hereby, reference is made to the registration statement and the exhibits and schedules to the registration statement. Statements contained in this prospectus as to the contents or provisions of any documents referred to in this prospectus are not necessarily complete, and in each instance where a copy of the document has been filed as an exhibit to the registration statement, reference is made to the exhibit for a more complete description of the matters involved.
You may read and copy all or any portion of the registration statement without charge at the public reference room of the Securities and Exchange Commission at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. Copies of the registration statement may be obtained from the Securities and Exchange Commission at prescribed rates from the public reference room of the Securities and Exchange Commission at such address. You may obtain information regarding the operation of the public reference room by calling 1-800-SEC-0330. In addition, registration statements and certain other filings made with the Securities and Exchange Commission electronically are publicly available through the Securities and Exchange Commission’s website at www.sec.gov. The registration statement, including all exhibits and amendments to the registration statement, has been filed electronically with the Securities and Exchange Commission. You may also read all or any portion of the registration statement and certain other filings made with the Securities and Exchange Commission on our website at www.heatbio.com. The information contained in, and that can be accessed through, our website is not incorporated into and is not part of this prospectus.
We are subject to the information and periodic reporting requirements of the Exchange Act and, accordingly, are required to file annual reports containing financial statements audited by an independent public accounting firm, quarterly reports containing unaudited financial data, current reports, proxy statements and other information with the Securities and Exchange Commission. You will be able to inspect and copy such periodic reports, proxy statements and other information at the Securities and Exchange Commission’s public reference room, the website of the Securities and Exchange Commission referred to above, and our website at www.titanpharm.com. Except for the specific incorporated reports and documents listed above, no information available on or through our website shall be deemed to be incorporated in this prospectus or the registration statement of which it forms a part.
INCORPORATION OF CERTAIN DOCUMENTS BY REFERENCE
The SEC allows us to “incorporate by reference” into this prospectus the information we file with it, which means that we can disclose important information to you by referring you to those documents. The information we incorporate by reference is an important part of this prospectus, and later information that we file with the SEC will automatically update and supersede some of this information. We incorporate by reference the documents listed below and any future filings we make with the SEC under Section 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, including filings made after the date of the initial registration statement, until we sell all of the shares covered by this prospectus or the sale of shares by us pursuant to this prospectus is terminated. In no event, however, will any of the information that we furnish to, pursuant to Item 2.02 or Item 7.01 of any Current Report on Form 8-K (including exhibits related thereto) or other applicable SEC rules, rather than file with, the SEC be incorporated by reference or otherwise be included herein, unless such information is expressly incorporated herein by a reference in such furnished Current Report on Form 8-K or other furnished document. The documents we incorporate by reference are:
|·||our Annual Report on Form 10-K/Afor the year ended December 31, 2019, filed with the SEC on March 30, 2020;|
|·||our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended March 31, 2020, filed with the SEC on May 15, 2020; our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended June 30, 2020, filed with the SEC on August 14, 2020;|
|·||our Current Reports on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on April 24, 2020, June 25, 2020, June 29, 2020, July 16, 2020, August 5, 2020, August 12, 2020, August 13, 2020, August 20, 2020, September 1, 2020, September 14, 2020, September 18, 2020, September 24, 2020 and October 15, 2020;|
|·||our Definitive Proxy Statement, filed with the SEC on May 22, 2020;|
|·||our additional Definitive Proxy Materials filed with the SEC on June 19, 2020 and July 8, 2020; and|
|·||the description of our common stock contained in our registration statement on Form 8-A (File No. 001-13341) filed under the Exchange Act on October 8, 2015, including any amendment or reports filed for the purpose of updating such descriptions.|
Any statement contained in a document incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference into this prospectus supplement will be deemed to be modified or superseded for purposes of this prospectus supplement to the extent that a statement contained in this prospectus supplement or any other subsequently filed document that is deemed to be incorporated by reference into this prospectus supplement modifies or supersedes the statement. Any statement so modified or superseded will not be deemed, except as so modified or superseded, to constitute a part of this prospectus supplement.
We will provide each person to whom a prospectus is delivered a copy of all of the information that has been incorporated by reference in this prospectus but not delivered with the prospectus. You may obtain copies of these filings, at no cost, through the “Investor Relations” section of our website (www.titanpharm.com) and you may request a copy of these filings (other than an exhibit to any filing unless we have specifically incorporated that exhibit by reference into the filing), at no cost, by writing or telephoning us at the following address:
400 Oyster Point Boulevard, Suite 505
South San Francisco, CA 94080
Information on, or that can be accessed through, our website is not incorporated into this prospectus or other securities filings and is not a part of these filings.
|MAXIM GROUP LLC|
|Through and including , 2020 (25 days after commencement of this offering), all dealers that effect transactions in these securities, whether or not participating in this offering, may be required to deliver a prospectus. This is in addition to the dealer’s obligation to deliver a prospectus when acting as an underwriter and with respect to their unsold allotments or subscriptions.|
PART II - INFORMATION NOT REQUIRED IN PROSPECTUS
Item 13. Other Expenses of Issuance and Distribution
We estimate that expenses in connection with the distribution described in this registration statement (other than fees and commissions charged by the underwriters) will be as set forth below. We will pay all of the expenses with respect to the distribution, and such amounts, with the exception of the SEC registration fee and the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc., or FINRA, filing fee, are estimates.
|SEC registration fee||$||1248.40|
|FINRA filing fee|
|Legal fees and expenses|
|Accounting fees and expenses|
|Underwriters’ out-of-pocket expenses|
|Other (including transfer agent and registrar fees)|
Item 14. Indemnification of Directors and Officers
Subsection (a) of Section 145 of the DGCL, empowers a corporation to indemnify any person who was or is a party or who is threatened to be made a party to any threatened, pending or completed action, suit or proceeding, whether civil, criminal, administrative or investigative (other than an action by or in the right of the corporation) by reason of the fact that the person is or was a director, officer, employee or agent of the corporation, or is or was serving at the request of the corporation as a director, officer, employee or agent of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise, against expenses (including attorneys’ fees), judgments, fines and amounts paid in settlement actually and reasonably incurred by the person in connection with such action, suit or proceeding if the person acted in good faith and in a manner the person reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the corporation, and, with respect to any criminal action or proceeding, had no reasonable cause to believe the person’s conduct was unlawful.
Subsection (b) of Section 145 empowers a corporation to indemnify any person who was or is a party or is threatened to be made a party to any threatened, pending or completed action or suit by or in the right of the corporation to procure a judgment in its favor by reason of the fact that the person acted in any of the capacities set forth above, against expenses (including attorneys’ fees) actually and reasonably incurred by the person in connection with the defense or settlement of such action or suit if the person acted in good faith and in a manner the person reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the corporation, except that no indemnification shall be made in respect of any claim, issue or matter as to which such person shall have been adjudged to be liable to the corporation unless and only to the extent that the Court of Chancery or the court in which such action or suit was brought shall determine upon application that, despite the adjudication of liability but in view of all the circumstances of the case, such person is fairly and reasonably entitled to indemnity for such expenses which the Court of Chancery or such other court shall deem proper.
Section 145 further provides that to the extent a director or officer of a corporation has been successful on the merits or otherwise in the defense of any action, suit or proceeding referred to in subsections (a) and (b) of Section 145, or in defense of any claim, issue or matter therein, such person shall be indemnified against expenses (including attorneys’ fees) actually and reasonably incurred by such person in connection therewith; that indemnification provided for by Section 145 shall not be deemed exclusive of any other rights to which the indemnified party may be entitled; and the indemnification provided for by Section 145 shall, unless otherwise provided when authorized or ratified, continue as to a person who has ceased to be a director, officer, employee or agent and shall inure to the benefit of such person’s heirs, executors and administrators. Section 145 also empowers the corporation to purchase and maintain insurance on behalf of any person who is or was a director, officer, employee or agent of the corporation, or is or was serving at the request of the corporation as a director, officer, employee or agent of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise against any liability asserted against such person and incurred by such person in any such capacity, or arising out of his status as such, whether or not the corporation would have the power to indemnify such person against such liabilities under Section 145.
Section 102(b)(7) of the DGCL provides that a corporation’s certificate of incorporation may contain a provision eliminating or limiting the personal liability of a director to the corporation or its stockholders for monetary damages for breach of fiduciary duty as a director, provided that such provision shall not eliminate or limit the liability of a director (i) for any breach of the director’s duty of loyalty to the corporation or its stockholders, (ii) for acts or omissions not in good faith or which involve intentional misconduct or a knowing violation of law, (iii) under Section 174 of the DGCL, or (iv) for any transaction from which the director derived an improper personal benefit.
Our certificate of incorporation and our bylaws provide that we will indemnify our directors and officers to the fullest extent permitted by the DGCL, which prohibits our certificate of incorporation from limiting the liability of our directors for the following:
|·||any breach of the director’s duty of loyalty to us or our stockholders;|
|·||acts or omissions not in good faith or that involve intentional misconduct or a knowing violation of law;|
|·||unlawful payment of dividends or unlawful stock repurchases or redemptions; or|
|·||any transaction from which the director derived an improper benefit.|
Our certificate of incorporation provides for indemnification of our directors and executive officers to the maximum extent permitted by the DGCL, and our bylaws provide for indemnification of our directors and executive officers to the maximum extent permitted by the DGCL.
We have entered into indemnification agreements with each of our current directors. These agreements will require us to indemnify these individuals to the fullest extent permitted under Delaware law against liabilities that may arise by reason of their service to us and to advance expenses incurred as a result of any proceeding against them as to which they could be indemnified. We also intend to enter into indemnification agreements with our future directors and executive officers.
In any underwriting agreement we enter into in connection with the sale of common stock and pre-funded warrants being registered hereby, the underwriters will agree to indemnify, under certain conditions, us, our directors, our officers and persons who control us, within the meaning of the Securities Act, against certain liabilities.
Item 15. Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities
The following information sets forth certain information with respect to all unregistered securities which we have sold during the last three years:
In June 2019, we issued 448,287 shares of our common stock to L. Molteni & C. Dei Frattelli Alitti Società Di Esercizio S.P.A. upon the conversion of a convertible loan at conversion price of $1.50 per share.
In August 2019, in connection with a concurrent registered direct offering to a single institutional investor, we issued warrants to purchase 2,852,314 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $1.07 per share, which warrants are exercisable for a period of five years commencing February 9, 2020. Maxim Group LLC acted as the placement agent in connection with the offering and received a cash fee of 7.0% of the gross proceeds paid to us and reimbursement of certain out-of-pocket expenses.
In January 2020, in connection with a concurrent registered direct offering to a few institutional investors, we issued warrants to purchase 8,700,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $0.25 per share, which warrants are exercisable for a period of five years commencing September 18, 2020. Maxim Group LLC acted as the placement agent in connection with the offering and received a cash fee of 7.0% of the gross proceeds paid to us and reimbursement of certain out-of-pocket expenses.
The offers, sales and issuances of the securities described above were exempt from registration under the Securities Act by virtue of Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act.
Item 16. Exhibits
|1.1||Underwriting Agreement between Titan Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Maxim Group LLC|
|3.1.1||Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Registrant, as amended (4)|
|3.1.2||Certificate of Amendment to the Restated Certificate of Incorporation dated September 24, 2015 (6)|
|3.1.3||Certificate of Amendment to the Restated Certificate of Incorporation dated January 23, 2019 (16)|
|3.1.4||Certificate of Amendment to the Restated Certificate of Incorporation dated September 24, 2020 (16)|
|3.2||By-laws of the Registrant (1)|
|4.1||Form of Lender Warrant (8)|
|4.2||Form of Rights Agreement Warrant (10)|
|4.3||Warrant Agency Agreement between Titan Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company and Form of Offering Warrant (15)|
|4.4||Representative’s Purchase Warrant (15)|
|4.5||Form of August 2019 Private Placement Warrant (17)|
|4.6||Class B Warrant Agency Agreement dated October 16, 2019 between Titan Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Maxim Group LLC Form of January 2020 Private Placement Warrant (18)|
|4.7||Form of January 2020 Private Placement Warrant (19)|
|4.8||Form of March 3, 2020 Warrant Amendment Agreement (23)|
|4.9||Description of the Registrant’s Common Stock (23)|
|5.1||Opinion of Loeb & Loeb LLP|
|10.1||2001 Non-Qualified Employee Stock Option Plan (2)|
|10.2||2002 Stock Option Plan (3)|
|10.3||Titan Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 2014 Incentive Plan (5)|
|10.4||Titan Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Third Amended and Restated 2015 Omnibus Equity Incentive Plan(16)|
|10.5||Employment Agreement between Titan Pharmaceuticals, Inc.and Sunil Bhonsle (7)|
|10.6||Employment Agreement between Titan Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Marc Rubin (7)|
|10.7||Venture Loan and Security Agreement, dated July 27, 2017, by and between Titan Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Horizon Technology Finance Corporation (8)|
|10.8||Amendment of Venture Loan and Security Agreement, dated February 2, 2018, by and between Titan Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Horizon Technology Finance Corporation (9)|
|10.9||Amended and Restated Venture Loan and Security Agreement, dated March 21, 2018, by and between Titan Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Horizon Technology Finance Corporation and L. Molteni & C. Dei Frattelli Alitti Società Di Esercizio S.P.A. (10)|
|10.10 ±||Asset Purchase, Supply and Support Agreement dated March 21, 2018, by and between Titan Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and L. Molteni & C. Dei Frattelli Alitti Società Di Esercizio S.P.A. (10)|
|10.11||Rights Agreement dated March 21, 2018, by and between Titan Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and L. Molteni & C. Dei Frattelli Alitti Società Di Esercizio S.P.A. (10)|
|10.12 ±||Termination and Transition Services Agreement dated May 25, 2018 by and between Titan Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and BraeburnPharmaceuticals, Inc. (11)|
|10.13 ±||Amendment to Asset Purchase, Supply and Support Agreement dated August 3, 2018, by and between Titan Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and L. Molteni & C. Dei Frattelli Alitti Società Di Esercizio S.P.A (12)|
|10.14 ±||Distribution and Sublicense Agreement dated February 1, 2016 as amended by agreement dated August 2, 2018 between Titan Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Knight Therapeutics Inc. (13)|
|10.15||Amendment to lease for Registrant’s facility dated March 21, 2016 (13)|
|10.16||Unsecured Convertible Loan Agreement dated September 18, 2018 (14)|
|10.17||Employment Agreement between the Registrant and Katherine Beebe DeVarney (20)|
|10.18||Employment Agreement between the Registrant and Dane Hallberg (20)|
|10.19||Securities Purchase Agreement, dated August 7, 2019, by and between Titan Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and the investors named therein (17)|
|10.20||Securities Purchase Agreement, dated January 7, 2020, by and between Titan Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and the investors named therein (19)|
|10.21||Placement Agency Agreement, dated August 7, 2019, by and between Titan Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Maxim Group LLC (17)|
|10.22||Placement Agency Agreement, dated January 7, 2020, by and between Titan Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Maxim Group LLC (19)|
|10.23||Amendment dated September 10, 2019 to Amended and Restated Venture Loan and Security Agreement, dated March 21, 2018, by and between Titan Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Horizon Technology Finance Corporation and L. Molteni & C. Dei Frattelli Alitti Società Di Esercizio S.P.A. (21)|
|10.24 ±||Amendment No. 2 dated September 10, 2019 to Asset Purchase, Supply and Support Agreement by and between Titan Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and L. Molteni & C. Dei Frattelli Alitti Società Di Esercizio S.P.A. (21)|
|10.25||Amendment No. 2 dated March 12, 2020 to Amended and Restated Venture Loan and Security Agreement, dated March 21, 2018, by and between Titan Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Horizon Technology Finance Corporation and L. Molteni & C. Dei Frattelli Alitti Società Di Esercizio S.P.A. (22)|
|10.26 ±±||Agreement for Co-Promotion Partnership, dated June 23, 2020, by and between Titan Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Indegene, Inc. (23)|
|14.1||Code of Business Conduct and Ethics (5)|
|23.1||Consent of OUM & Co., LLP, Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm|
|23.2||Consent of Loeb & Loeb LLP (contained in Exhibit 5.1)*|
|24.1||Power of Attorney (included on the signature page of this Registration Statement)|
|*||To be filed by amendment.|
|±||Confidential treatment has been granted as to certain portions of this exhibit.|
|±±||Certain information has been omitted from this exhibit in reliance upon Item 601(b)(10) of Regulation S-K.|
|(1)||Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form S-3 (File No. 333-221126).|
|(2)||Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2001.|
|(3)||Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2002.|
|(4)||Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form 10 filed on January 14, 2010.|
|(5)||Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013.|
|(6)||Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on September 28, 2015.|
|(7)||Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on April 3, 2019.|
|(8)||Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on July 27, 2017.|
|(9)||Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on February 7, 2018.|
|(10)||Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on March 26, 2018.|
|(11)||Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on May 30, 2018.|
|(12)||Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on August 3, 2018.|
|(13)||Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended June 30, 2018.|
|(14)||Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated September 20, 2018.|
|(15)||Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated September 25, 2018.|
|(16)||Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated January 25, 2019.|
|(17)||Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated August 8, 2019.|
|(18)||Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated October 18, 2019.|
|(19)||Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated January 7, 2020.|
|(20)||Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-K dated April 1, 2019.|
|(21)||Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 dated September 12, 2019.|
|(22)||Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-K dated March 30, 2020.|
|(23)||Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended June 30, 2020.|
ITEM 17. UNDERTAKINGS
(a) The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes:
(1) To file, during any period in which offers or sales are being made, a post-effective amendment to this registration statement:
(i) To include any prospectus required by Section 10(a)(3) of the Securities Act of 1933 (the “Securities Act”);
(ii) To reflect in the prospectus any facts or events arising after the effective date of the registration statement (or the most recent post-effective amendment thereof) which, individually or in the aggregate, represent a fundamental change in the information set forth in the registration statement. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any increase or decrease in volume of securities offered (if the total dollar value of securities offered would not exceed that which was registered) and any deviation from the low or high end of the estimated maximum offering range may be reflected in the form of prospectus filed with the Commission pursuant to Rule 424(b) if, in the aggregate, the changes in volume and price represent no more than 20% change in the maximum aggregate offering price set forth in the “Calculation of Registration Fee” table in the effective registration statement.
(iii) To include any material information with respect to the plan of distribution not previously disclosed in the registration statement or any material change to such information in the registration statement;
Provided, however, that Paragraphs (a)(1)(i), (ii), and (iii) of this section do not apply if the information required to be included in a post-effective amendment by those paragraphs is contained in reports filed with or furnished to the Commission by the registrant pursuant to section 13 or section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 that are incorporated by reference in the registration statement.
(2) That, for the purpose of determining any liability under the Securities Act, each such post-effective amendment shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.
(3) To remove from registration by means of a post-effective amendment any of the securities being registered which remain unsold at the termination of the offering.
(4) That, for the purpose of determining liability under the Securities Act to any purchaser: If the registrant is subject to Rule 430C (§230.430C of this chapter), each prospectus filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) as part of a registration statement relating to an offering, other than registration statements relying on Rule 430B or other than prospectuses filed in reliance on Rule 430A (§230.430A of this chapter), shall be deemed to be part of and included in the registration statement as of the date it is first used after effectiveness. Provided, however, that no statement made in a registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement or made in a document incorporated or deemed incorporated by reference into the registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement will, as to a purchaser with a time of contract of sale prior to such first use, supersede or modify any statement that was made in the registration statement or prospectus that was part of the registration statement or made in any such document immediately prior to such date of first use.
(5) That, for the purpose of determining liability under the Securities Act to any purchaser in the initial distribution of the securities, the undersigned registrant undertakes that in a primary offering of securities of the undersigned registrant pursuant to this registration statement, regardless of the underwriting method used to sell the securities to the purchaser, if the securities are offered or sold to such purchaser by means of any of the following communications, the undersigned registrant will be a seller to the purchaser and will be considered to offer or sell such securities to such purchaser:
(i) Any preliminary prospectus or prospectus of the undersigned registrant relating to the offering required to be filed pursuant to Rule 424 (§230.424 of this chapter);
(ii) Any free writing prospectus relating to the offering prepared by or on behalf of the undersigned registrant or used or referred to by the undersigned registrant;
(iii) The portion of any other free writing prospectus relating to the offering containing material information about the undersigned registrant or its securities provided by or on behalf of the undersigned registrant; and
(iv) Any other communication that is an offer in the offering made by the undersigned registrant to the purchaser.
(b) The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes that, for purposes of determining any liability under the Securities Act, each filing of the registrant’s annual report pursuant to section 13(a) or section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (and, where applicable, each filing of an employee benefit plan’s annual report pursuant to section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) that is incorporated by reference in the registration statement shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.
(c) The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes to supplement the prospectus, after the expiration of the subscription period, to set forth the results of the subscription offer, the transactions by the underwriters during the subscription period, the amount of unsubscribed securities to be purchased by the underwriters, and the terms of any subsequent reoffering thereof. If any public offering by the underwriters is to be made on terms differing from those set forth on the cover page of the prospectus, a post-effective amendment will be filed to set forth the terms of such offering.
(d) Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act may be permitted to directors, officers and controlling persons of the Company pursuant to the foregoing provisions, or otherwise, the registrant has been advised that in the opinion of the Securities and Exchange Commission such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and is, therefore, unenforceable. In the event that a claim for indemnification against such liabilities (other than the payment by the registrant of expenses incurred or paid by a director, officer or controlling person of the registrant in the successful defense of any action, suit or proceeding) is asserted by such director, officer or controlling person in connection with the securities being registered, the registrant will, unless in the opinion of its counsel the matter has been settled by controlling precedent, submit to a court of appropriate jurisdiction the question whether such indemnification by it is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and will be governed by the final adjudication of such issue.
(e) For the purpose of determining any liability under the Securities Act, the registrant will treat the information omitted from the form of prospectus filed as part of this registration statement in reliance upon Rule 430A and contained in a form of prospectus filed by the registrant under Rule 424(b)(1), or (4), or 497(h) under the Securities Act as part of this registration statement as of the time the Commission declared it effective.
(f) For the purpose of determining any liability under the Securities Act, each post-effective amendment that contains a form of prospectus shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, the Registrant has duly caused this Registration Statement on Form S-1 or amendment thereto to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized, in the City of South San Francisco, State of California, this October 19, 2020.
|TITAN PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.|
|By:||/s/ Kate DeVarney, Ph.D.|
|Name:||Kate DeVarney, Ph.D.|
|Title:||President and Chief Operating Officer|
POWER OF ATTORNEY
We the undersigned officers and directors of Titan Pharmaceutics, Inc., hereby severally constitute and appoint Kate DeVarney and Marc Rubin, and each of them singly, our true and lawful attorneys with full power to any of them, and to each of them singly, to sign for us and in our names in the capacities indicated below the registration statement on Form S-1 filed herewith and any and all pre-effective and post-effective amendments to said registration statement and any subsequent registration statement filed pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and to file the same with all exhibits thereto, and the other documents in connection therewith, with the Securities and Exchange Commission, and generally to do all such things in our name and behalf in our capacities as officers and directors to enable Titan Pharmaceuticals, Inc. to comply with the provisions of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and all requirements of the Securities and Exchange Commission, hereby ratifying and confirming our signatures as they may be signed by our said attorneys, or any of them, to said registration statement and any and all amendments thereto.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act 1933, as amended, this report has been signed by the following persons on behalf of the Registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.
|/s/ Marc Rubin, M.D.||Executive Chairman||October 19, 2020|
|Marc Rubin, M.D.|
|/s/ Kate DeVarney, Ph.D.||President, Chief Operating Officer and Director||October 19, 2020|
|Kate DeVarney, Ph.D.||(principal executive officer and principal financial officer)|
|/s/ Joseph A. Akers||Director||October 19, 2020|
|Joseph A. Akers|
|/s/ Sunil Bhonsle||Director||October 19, 2020|
|/s/ M. David MacFarlane, Ph.D.||Director||October 19, 2020|
|M. David MacFarlane, Ph.D.|
/s/ James R. McNab, Jr.
|Director||October 19, 2020|
|James R. McNab, Jr.|
|/s/ Scott A. Smith||Director||October 19, 2020|
|Scott A. Smith|
|/s/ Brian E. Crowley||Vice President, Finance||October 19, 2020|
|Brian E. Crowley||(principal accounting officer)|